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Abroad

Meaning of Abroad The following is an old definition of Abroad [1]: In English chancery law, beyond the seas. See DEPOSITION; SEA. Resources Notes and References Concept of Abroad provided by the Anderson Dictionary of Law (1889) (Dictionary of Law consisting of Judicial Definitions and [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AB and Short Read.



Accident insurance 2

Accident insurance 2 in the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser Based on the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser , by W.S.M. Knight, Barrister –at – Law. What Accidents are within the these are clearly defined in the policy. Now, as to some particular points hereon. (a) The injury [...]

Categories: A, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AC.



Accretion

Definition of Accretion In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Accretion : The process by which new land formations are legally assimilated to old by a change in the flow of a water channel. In contrast to *avulsion, this process involves a very slow, near [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AC.



Accumulative

Meaning of Accumulative The following is an old definition of Accumulative [1]: Heaping up; additional; ' cumulative, see, in this resource, the term At common law, the utmost length of time allowed for the contingency of an executory devise to happen in was that of a life or lives in being [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AC.



Acknowledgment

Definition of Acknowledgment In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Acknowledgment : 1. The admission that a debt is due or a claim exists. Under the Limitation Act 1980, a written acknowledgment by a debtor or his agent causes the debt to be treated as if it [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AC, Featured, and Political Economy.



Acquired Allegiance

Meaning of Acquired Allegiance The following is an old definition of Acquired Allegiance [1]: Such allegiance as is due from a naturalized citizen. Local allegiance. Such allegiance as is due from an alien, or stranger born, as long as he continues within the king's dominions and protection. [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AC.



Act

Definition of Act In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Act : (advance corporation tax, ACT) A form of *corporation tax payable by a company on its qualifying distributions from April 1973 until April 1999, when it was abolished. Definition of Act This is [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AC, Legal Practice Terms, North Ireland, and Short Read.



Act of God

Definition of Act of God In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Act of God : An event due to natural causes (storms, earthquakes, floods, etc.) so exceptionally severe that no-one could reasonably be expected to anticipate or guard against it. See force [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AC and Legal Practice Terms.



Act of Parliament

Act of Parliament in the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser Based on the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser , by W.S.M. Knight, Barrister –at – Law. Act of parliament is the term applied to an act, wherein the three constituent parts of the sovereign power in this realm, king, [...]

Categories: A, Constitutional Law, Political Science, and su1. Tags: AC, Featured, Legislation, and Parliament.



Act of Settlement

Act of parliament (1701) settling the succession to the throne. The Bill of Rights (1689) had limited the succession -in accordance to Bamber Gascoigne´ Encyclopedia of Britain about “Act of Settlement”- to the children of Mary and Anne (the daughters of James II) and of their cousin William [...]

Categories: A, Historical, Legislation, and su1. Tags: AC and Parliament.



Action

Definition of Action In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Action : A proceeding in which a party pursues a legal right in a civil court. Definition of Actio Personalis Moritur Cum Persona Any right of action dies with the person concerned. [...]

Categories: su1.



Ad Coelum Usque Ad Centrum

Ad Coelum Usque Ad Centrum or Ad Coelum Usque Ad Inferos (Lat) Case Law A selected English Real Property Law Case in relation with ad coelum usque ad centrum or ad coelum usque ad inferos(Lat) may be: Lejonvarn v Cromwell Mansions Management Company Ltd Year of the above case: 2011 [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AD, Real Estate, and Short Read.



Addled Parliament

The Parliament summoned by James I in 1614 in the hope of raising money. The Commons demanded the abolition of impositions (duties raised by the sole authority of the King), a demand which failed to receive the support of the Lords, and also the restoration of the ejected clergy to their [...]

Categories: su1 and Uncategorized. Tags: British History and Parliament.



Ademption

Definition of Ademption In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Ademption : The cancellation or reduction of a specific *legacy because the subject matter of the gift is no longer part of the testator's estate at his death, or the testator no longer has [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AD.



Adjournment

Definition of Adjournment In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Adjournment :(in court procedure) The postponement or suspension of the hearing of a case until a future date. The hearing may be adjourned to a fixed date or sine die (without day), i.e. for [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AD, Featured, Parliament, and Scotland.



Adjudication

Definition of Adjudication In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Adjudication : 1. The formal judgment or decision of a court or tribunal. 2. A decision by the Commissioners of Inland Revenue as to the amount (if any) of *stamp duty payable on a [...]

Categories: A, Bankruptcy, Business Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: AD.



Administration

Definition of Administration In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Administration : 1. The collection of assets, payment of debts, and distribution to the beneficiaries of property in the estate of a deceased person See also grant of representation 2. The [...]

Categories: A, Business Law, and su1. Tags: AD, Administration, Company Reconstructions, Estate Law, Featured, and Political Economy.



Administration Bond

Definition of Administration Bond In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Administration Bond : A guarantee by a third party, often an insurance company, to make good any loss arising if a person to whom letters of administration have been granted fails to [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AD, Administration, and Short Read.



Administration Order

Definition of Administration Order In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Administration Order : 1. An order made in a county court for the administration of the estate of a judgment debtor. The order normally requires the debtor to pay his debts by [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AD and Administration.



Administrative Receiver

Definition of Administrative Receiver In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Admiistrative Receiver: A receiver who, under the terms of a debenture secured by floating *charge, takes control of all (or substantially all) of a company's assets.

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AD, Administrative, and Short Read.



Administrator

Definition of Administrator In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Administrator : 1. A person appointed by the court to collect and distribute a deceased person's estate when the deceased died intestate, his will did not appoint an executor, or the executor [...]

Categories: A, Business Law, and su1. Tags: AD, Company Reconstructions, Financial Law, Legal Practice Terms, and Mortgages.



Admiralty

History of the Admiralty The following commentary about Admiralty in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Department of the Government administering the Royal Navy. Meaning of Admiralty The following is an old definition of Admiralty [1]: A court exercising [...]

Categories: A, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AD, History, and Maritime Law.



Advisory

Meaning of Advisory The following is an old definition of Advisory [1]: Containing counsel or a suggestion, yet not concluding or binding. The verdict of a jury on an issue out of chancery is advisory; a judge's opinion on the facts in a case may be regarded as advisory; a nomination to an [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AD and Short Read.



Advocation

Scottish Law: Advocation in the Past A writing drawn up in the form of a petition, called a bill of advocation, by which a party in an action applies to the Supreme Court (see decisions, judges, etc) to advocate its cause and to call the action out of an inferior court to itself. Letters of [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AD.



Affirmation

Affirmation Meaning Affirmation in Scottish Law A declaration or promise to tell the truth in court that does not involve taking a religious oath. In the Parliament Instead of taking the oath on taking his seat in the House of Commons a member, or in the House of Lords a peer, may make [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AF, Parliament, and Scotland.



Agency

Definition of Agency In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Agency : 1. The relationship between an *agent and his principal. 2. The business carried on by an agent. The Agency in the History Labour struggled to find an advertisement agency that would [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AG and British History.



Agist

Meaning of Agist The following is an old definition of Agist [1]: Originally, to feed cattle in the king's forest: a service performed for a consideration by officers called agisters or gist-takers. Now, to pasture animals for pay. Resources Notes and References Concept of Agist provided by [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AG and Short Read.



Agm

Definition of Agm In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Agm : (annual general meeting, AGM) A meeting of company members required by the Companies Act 1985 to be held each calendar year. Not more than 15 months should elapse between meetings, and 21 [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AG and Short Read.



Aid

Concept of Aid Traditional meaning of aid [1] in the English common law history: A service or payment due from tenants in chivalry to their lords; usually either to ransom the lord's person; pur faire I'eigne fitz chivaler, to make the eldest son a knight; or pur I'eigne file marier, to marry [...]

Categories: A, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: AI and Short Read.



Alien

Definition of Alien In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Alien : A person who, under the law of a particular state, is not a citizen of that state. Aliens are usually classified as resident aliens (domiciled in the host country) or transient aliens [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL.



Alien Friend

Meaning of Alien Friend The following is an old definition of Alien Friend [1]: A citizen or subject of a friendly power; one whose country is at peace with ours.1 By the common law a person born within the dominion of the United States is a natural-born citizen whatever the status of his [...]

Categories: A, International Law, and su1. Tags: AL and Immigration Law.



Allegiance

Definition of Allegiance In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Allegiance : The duty of obedience owed to a head of state in return for his protectio It is due from all citizens of that state and its dependencies and also from any *alien present in the state [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL.



Alluvion

Meaning of Alluvion The following is an old definition of Alluvion [1]: By the common law the addition made to land by the washing of the sea, a navigable river or other stream, whenever the increase is so gradual that it cannot be perceived in any one moment of time. See Alluvio. An addition [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL.



Alteration of Share Capital

Definition of Alteration of Share Capital In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Alteration of Share Capital : An increase, reduction (See reduction of capital), or any other change in the *authorized capital of a company. If permitted by the *articles of [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL and Short Read.



Ambulatory

Definition of Ambulatory In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Ambulatory : adj. (of a will) Taking effect not from when it was made but from the death of the testator. Thus descriptions of property bequeathed or of beneficiaries are taken to refer to [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AM.



Amerce

Meaning of Amerce The following is an old definition of Amerce [1]: To be amerced, or d mercie, is to be at the king's mercy with respect to a fine to be imposed. Later, simply to be fined. whence (the word(s) which follow it are derivatives from the same root word) amercement. Before the jury [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AM.



Amicable Action

Meaning of Amicable Action The following is an old definition of Amicable Action [1]: An action entered of record by agreement and without the service of process, to obtain the judgment of the court in a matter of common interest. Opposed, adversary action. Civil action. Recovers a private [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AM.



Ancillary

Meaning of Ancillary The following is an old definition of Ancillary [1]: Auxiliary;subordinate; incidental; additional. The king's court is not ancillary to any other. Thus also are or may be related - one constitutional power to another; implied powers in a corporation; a writ ot certiorari [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN.



Anglo Saxon Charters

This issue under the Ruling of the Anglo Saxons et seq Calendars and Registers of Charters Anglo Saxon Charters and Medieval Law Anglo Saxon Charters and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Ellis, Henry J., and Francis B. Bickley, [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Anglo Saxon, Calendars, Legal history, Medieval Administrative Law, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, Records of State, Registers of Charters, Royal Charters, Royal Proclamations, and Writs.



Annan

History Annan, a royal, municipal and police burgh of Dumfriesshire, Scotland, on the Annan, nearly 2 m. from its mouth, 15 m. from Dumfries by the Glasgow & South-Western railway. It has a station also on the Caledonian railway company’s branch line from Kirtlebridge to Brayton [...]

Categories: su1 and Uncategorized. Tags: Geography.



Appeal

Appeal Meaning Appeal in Scottish Law Challenge to conviction and/or sentence. The prosecution can only appeal against an unduly lenient sentence. Definition of Appeal By Way Of Case Stated Case stated appeals are appeals on a point of law. Definition of Appeal This is the term used when an [...]

Categories: su1.



Appeal Bond

Meaning of Appeal Bond The following is an old definition of Appeal Bond [1]: An obligation, with sureties, given by an appellant in order to remove a cause by appeal, and conditioned for the payment of damages and costs if he fails to prosecute the appeal with effect, see, in this resource, [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AP.



Appellate

Meaning of Appellate The following is an old definition of Appellate [1]: Having cognizance of appealed cases; accessible by appeal; concerning the judicial review of decisions: as, appellate - court, jurisdiction, power. Appellate jurisdiction, see, in this resource, the term Power to revise [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AP.



Appointment

Definition of Appointment In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Appointment : See power of appointment. Formalities of Company Directorship How are directors appointed? Find under this subsection information about How are directors appointed? in relation to [...]

Categories: A, Business Law, and su1. Tags: AP, Directors, and Short Read.



Apportionment

Apportionment of Rent by Administrator Case Law A selected English Real Property Law Case in relation with apportionment of rent by administrator may be: Jervis v Pillar Denton Ltd [2014] EWCA Civ 180, [2014] EGILR 25 (CA) Year of the above case: 2014 Apportionment of Rent on [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AP, Real Estate, and Short Read.



Approver

Concept of Approver Traditional meaning of approver [1] in the English common law history: A person indicted of a capital crime who confessed the crime before pleading and accused [appealed] another of the same crime; see 26 IU.173; 4th Book ("Of Public Wrongs"), Blackstone's Commentaries on [...]

Categories: A, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: AP.



Arbitrator

Meaning of Arbitrator The following is an old definition of Arbitrator [1]: A private extraordinary judge chosen by the parties who have a matter in dispute, and invested with power to decide the same. Compulsory arbitration. When assent in one party is enforced by law, under a rule to refer. [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR.



Articled Clerk

Meaning of Articled Clerk The following is an old definition of Articled Clerk [1]: In England a person bound by indenture to a solicitor, that he may acquire the knowledge pertaining to the business of a solicitor. Resources Notes and References Concept of Articled Clerk provided by the [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR and Short Read.



Assignment

Definition of Assignment In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Assignment : 1. The transfer of a *chose in action by one person (the assignor) to another (the assignee). By the rules of the common law, this was not permissible. If, for example, A was owed a [...]

Categories: A, Business Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Contract Formation , Criminal law, Intellectual Property, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: AS, Copyright, Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Law, Legal Practice Terms, and Partner Relations.



Assize

Definition of Assize In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Assize : 1. An assize court or council. In modern times assizes were sittings of High Court judges travelling on circuits around the country with commissions from the Crown to hear cases. These [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AS.



Assurance

Definition of Assurance In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Assurance : See insurance. Meaning of Assurance The following is an old definition of Assurance [1]: Certainty; warrant; indemnity. 1. Legal evidence of the transfer of titl whereby eveiy man's [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AS.



Assythment

Scottish Law: Assythment in the Past An indemnification which a criminal (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) is bound to make to the party injured or his executors, though the crime itself should be extinguished by pardon. Ersk. Pr. L. Scot. 4, 3, 13. [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AS.



At Law

Concept of At Law The following is an old definition of At Law [1], a term which has several meanings:1. According to the course of the common law; in law, as opposed to in equity or according to the principles and procedure in courts of equity or chancery Alternative Meaning For the practice [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AT and Short Read.



Attachment of Vessel

Meaning of Attachment of Vessel The following is an old definition of Attachment of Vessel [1]: Allowed after libel filed for work done, materials or supplies furnished, wharfage due, etc., and is upon the interest of the owner or part-owner. Domestic attachment. Issues against a resident of [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AT.



Attainder

Attainder and Medieval Law Attainder and Legal History Meaning of Attainder The following is an old definition of Attainder [1]: Staining; corrupting; pollution of blood; extinguishment of inheritable quality of blood. When sentence of death is pronounced the immediate, inseparable consequence [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AT.



Attorney-general

Attorney General Attorney General in the United Kingdom The office of attorney general dates from the reign (1272-1307) of King Edward I. It developed gradually until the 17th century, when the attorney general became chief legal counsel to the Crown and all departments of state and [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AT, British History, and History.



Auditor

Definition of Auditor In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Auditor : A person appointed to examine the *books of account and the *accounts of a registered company and to report upon them to company members. An auditor's report must state whether or not, in [...]

Categories: A, Business Law, and su1. Tags: AU and Company Officers.



Aula Regia

Meaning of Aula Regia or Regis The following is an old definition of Aula Regia or Regis [1]: The royal hall, or the king's hall. A court established by the Conqueror, to advise the king in matters of great moment. It was composed of the king's great officers resident in his palace: the lords [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AU.



B R

Meaning of B r The following is an old definition of B r [1]: Bancus regis, king's bench; bankruptcy reports; Bill of Rights. Resources Notes and References Concept of B r provided by the Anderson Dictionary of Law (1889) (Dictionary of Law consisting of Judicial Definitions and Explanations [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BR and Short Read.



Bag

Meaning of Bag The following is an old definition of Bag [1]: The sack, satchel, reticule or other like receptacle in which lawyers carry briefs and papers for use during the preparation, trial, hearing, or argument of cases, was formerly called, from the prevailing color of the material, the [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA.



Bailie

In Scotland the word bailiff has taken the form of bailie, signifying a superior officer or magistrate of a municipal corporation. Bailies, by virtue of their office, are invested with certain judicial and administrative powers within the burgh for which they are appointed. They sit as [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, Procedure Law, and su1. Tags: BA, Law Enforcement, and Scotland.



Balance Sheet

Definition of Balance Sheet In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Balance Sheet : A document presenting in summary form a true and fair view of a company's financial position at a particular time (e.g. at the end of its financial year). It must show the [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Financial Law, and Mortgages.



Bankruptcy

Definition of Bankruptcy In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bankruptcy : The state of a person who has been adjudged by a court to be insolvent (Compare winding-up). The court orders the compulsory administration of a bankrupt's affairs so that his [...]

Categories: B, Bankruptcy, Business Law, Estate Planning, Finance Law, and su1. Tags: BA, Banking, Banking Law, Bankruptcy, Finance, Financial Law, Insolvencies, Insolvency Law, Long Read, and Partnership Dissolution.



Bankruptcy Procedure

History Summary of procedure For the convenience of readers who may require more detailed information, the accompanying summary of some of the more important provisions of the law relating to bankruptcy procedure is submitted. It must be borne in mind, however, that the subject is in [...]

Categories: Bankruptcy, Business Law, Estate Planning, Finance Law, Procedures, and su1. Tags: Banking, Banking Law, Bankruptcy, Finance, Financial Law, Insolvencies, Insolvency Law, and Procedure Law.



Baron

Baron Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament The British Peerage has five ranks or grades. Baron is the fifth and lowest of the ranks. Baron is a title that was created and first given to John Beauchamp de Holt in 1387. History This word, of uncertain origin, was introduced into England at [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: BA and Legislative Law.



Barrister

Definition of Barrister A lawyer who is entitled to represent clients in all of the courts. In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Barrister : A legal practitioner admitted to plead at the Bar. A barrister must be a member of one of the four Inns of [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Legal Practice, and su1. Tags: BA, Featured, Legal Practice Terms, Long Read, and North Ireland.



Beauty Competition

Definition of Beauty Competition In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Beauty Competition : A method used by an employer contemplating entering a *single-union agreement, in which a number of unions are invited to present proposals for collective bargaining [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Bench

Definition of Bench In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bench : 1. Literally, the seat of a judge in court. The bench is usually in an elevated position at one side of the court room facing the seats of counsel and solicitors. 2. A group of judges or [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BE and North Ireland.



Bencher

Meaning of Bencher The following is an old definition of Bencher [1]: In England, a dignitary of the inns of court. Each inn is presided over by a certain number of benchers who exercise the right of admitting candidates as members of their society and of ultimately calling them to the bar. [...]

Categories: su1.



Betterment

Concept of Betterment Traditional meaning of betterment [1] in the English common law history: A permanent improvement or addition made to lands or houses by the occupant; something more than repairs. Beyond sea, beyond the four seas. Out of the kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Out of the [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Betterment Acts

Meaning of Betterment Acts The following is an old definition of Betterment Acts [1]: Statutes which secure to a purchaser of land for valuable consideration, without notice of an infirmity in the title, an interest in the land equal to the value of the improvements or melioration he may have [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE.



Bill in Equity

Meaning of Bill in Chancery; Bill in Equity The following is an old definition of Bill in Chancery; Bill in Equity [1]: A statement, addressed to a chancellor or a court of equity, of the facts which give rise to a complaint, with a petition for relief. This may be an original bill or a bill [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BI.



Bill Rendered

Meaning of Bill Rendered The following is an old definition of Bill Rendered [1]: A creditor's written statement of his claim, itemized. Not assented to by the debtor, as in an account stated. The creditor may sue for a larger sum. See Account, 1. IV. In Legal Procedure. A formal written [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BI.



Body Corporate

Definition of Body Corporate In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Body Corporate : (corporation, body corporate) n. An entity that has legal personality, i.e. it is capable of enjoying and being subject to legal rights and duties (See juristic person) and [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BO and Short Read.



Bond

Definition of Bond In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bond : 1. A deed by which one person (the obligor) commits himself to another (the obligee) to do something or refrain from doing something. If it secures the payment of money, it is called a common [...]

Categories: su1.



Bonus Issue

Definition of Bonus Issue In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bonus Issue : (bonus issue, capitalization issue) A method of increasing a company's issued capital (See authorized capital) by issuing further shares to existing company members. These [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BO.



Books of Account

Definition of Books of Account In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Books of Account : (books of account, accounting records) Records that disclose and explain a company's financial position at any time and enable its directors to prepare its *accounts. [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BO.



Borrowing

Company Law: Security for borrowing – company charges Refine your research by picking one of the following subsections: Types of charge over company properties Priority of Company Charges Registration of Company Charges Register of Company Charges Other forms of registration of Company [...]

Categories: B, Business Law, and su1. Tags: BO, Borrowing, Charges, and Short Read.



Bribery

Definition of Bribery And Corruption In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bribery And Corruption : Offences relating to the improper influencing of people in certain positions of trust. The offences commonly grouped under this expression are now statutory. [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BR, Crimes, and Long Read.



Bridges

Concept of Brigbote, Brugbote Traditional meaning of brigbote, brugbote [1] in the Saxon law history: A contribution for the repair of bridges. Note: For more information on Saxon Law history, see here.[rtbs name="saxon-law"] Resources Notes and References Based on A concise law [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: BR and Short Read.



Brief of Title

Meaning of Brief of Title The following is an old definition of Brief of Title [1]: An abstract of the deeds, judicial proceedings, etc., which affect a title to realty. See further Abstract. Compare also Sea-beief. 1. In very old law, a writ. See Breve. 2. An abridged statement of a party's [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BR.



Burgage

English Law: Burgage in the Past A species of tenure in socage; it is where the king or other person is lord of an ancient borough, in which the tenements are held by a rent certain. 2 B1. Com. 82. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BU.



By-bidding

Meaning of By-bidding The following is an old definition of By-bidding [1]: Fictitious bidding; running up the price of an article, not to save it from sacrifice, but to mislead bona fide bidders; puffing. Upset bid. A more liberal bid on property sold at public sale, offered to the court [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BY.



C

Concept of C The following is an old definition of C [1], a term which has several meanings:1. In connection with references to statutes means chapter. See Statute Alternative Meaning In Rhode Island, as late as 1785, was branded upon the forehead as part of the punishment for counterfeiting. [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA and Short Read.



C A

Meaning of C a The following is an old definition of C a [1]: Chancery appeals; court of appeals. Resources Notes and References Concept of C a provided by the Anderson Dictionary of Law (1889) (Dictionary of Law consisting of Judicial Definitions and Explanations of Words, Phrases and Maxims [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA and Short Read.



C C

Meaning of C c The following is an old definition of C c [1]: Cepi corpus; chief commissioner; circuit, city, or county court; chancery, civil, criminal, or crown cases; civil code. Resources Notes and References Concept of C c provided by the Anderson Dictionary of Law (1889) (Dictionary of [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CC and Short Read.



C R

Meaning of C r The following is an old definition of C r [1]: Chancery reports; curia regis, the king's court. Resources Notes and References Concept of C r provided by the Anderson Dictionary of Law (1889) (Dictionary of Law consisting of Judicial Definitions and Explanations of Words, [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CR and Short Read.



Cab

Cab (shortened about 1825 from the Fr. cabriolet, derived from cabriole, implying a bounding motion), a form of horsed vehicle for passengers either with two (hansom) or four wheels (four-wheeler or growler), introduced into London as the cabriolet de place, from Paris in 1820 (see Carriage). [...]

Categories: Business Law and su1. Tags: Transport.



Call

Definition of Call In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Call : 1. A ceremony at which students of the Inns of Court become barristers. The name of the student is read out and he is called to the Bar by the Treasurer of his In Call ceremonies take place four [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA.



Canon Law

Canon Law and Medieval Law Canon Law and Legal History Canon Law and Medieval Law Canon Law and Legal History Meaning of Canon Law The following is an old definition of Canon Law [1]: Ecclesiastical law. In particular, a body of ecclesiastical laws relative to matters over which the church of [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA.



Cap

Definition of Cap In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Cap : (Common Agricultural Policy, CAP) The agricultural policy of the EU as set out in Articles 32-38 of the Treaty of Rome. The overall aims of the CAP are to increase agricultural productivity, [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA, Financial Law, and Mortgages.



Capacity to Contract

Definition of Capacity To Contract In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Capacity To Contract : Competence to enter into a legally binding agreement. The main categories of persons lacking this capacity in full are minors, the mentally disordered, the drunk, [...]

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Capital

Definition of Capital In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Capital : 1. (share capital) A fund representing the contributions given to the company by shareholders in return for their shares. These assets are intended to protect the interests of any [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA, Financial Law, and Mortgages.



Capital Redemption Reserve

Definition of Capital Redemption Reserve In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Capital Redemption Reserve : A fund established to protect creditors by ensuring that the assets representing a company's *capital are not reduced. In limited circumstances a [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA and Short Read.



Caption

Concept of Caption The following is an old definition of Caption [1], a term which has several meanings:1. A taking, a seizure, see, in this resource, the term; an arrest; a capture, see, in this resource, the term See also Capere. Recaption. When any one deprives another of his personal [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA.



Case Stated

Definition of Case Stated In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Case Stated : A written statement of the facts found by a magistrates' court or tribunal (or by the Crown Court in respect of an appeal from a magistrates' court) submitted for the opinion of [...]

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Castle

Concept of Wic, Wyk Traditional meaning of wic, wyk [1] in the Saxon law history: A house, castle, or town. Note: For more information on Saxon Law history, see here.[rtbs name="saxon-law"] Resources Notes and References Based on A concise law dictionary of words, phrases and maxims, [...]

Categories: C, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: CA and Short Read.



Cause of Action

Definition of Cause of Action In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Cause of Action : The facts that entitle a person to sue. The cause of action may be a wrongful act, such as *trespass; or the harm resulting from a wrongful act, as in the tort of [...]

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Certificate of Incorporation

Definition of Certificate of Incorporation In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Certificate of Incorporation : A document issued by the Registrar of Companies after the *registration of a company, certifying that the company is incorporated (See [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CE and Short Read.



Certiorari

Definition of Certiorari In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Certiorari : (Latin: to be informed) See quashing order. Certiorari in Legal Latin Meaning of the latin term Certiorari from the University of Kent: 'To be informed' Meaning of Certiorari The [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CE and Legal Latin Words.



Challenge

Concept of Challenge The following is an old definition of Challenge [1], a term which has several meanings:1. A request to fight - to fight a duel. Whether made by word or letter, is indictable at common law. Tends to a breach of the peace. He who knowingly carries a challenge for, another is [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CH.



Chamber

Chamber Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament The Chamber is where the main business of the day takes place in each House. It is where all members meet to hear important announcements and to take decisions as a whole House.

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Chambers

Definition of Chambers In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Chambers : 1. The offices occupied by a barrister or group of barristers. (The term is also used for the group of barristers practising from a set of chambers.) 2. The private office of a [...]

Categories: C, Procedure Law, and su1. Tags: CH.



Chancellor

History The chancellor in England In England the office of chancellor dates back to the reign of Edward the Confessor, the first English king to use the Norman practice of sealing instead of signing documents; and from the Norman Conquest onwards the succession of chancellors is [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Uncategorized. Tags: CH, Featured, Long Read, and Parliament.



Chancery

History Chancery, in English law, the court of the lord chancellor of England, consolidated in 1873 along with the other superior courts in the Supreme Court of Judicature. Its origin is noticed under the head of Chancellor. It has been customary to say that the court of chancery consists [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Legislation, su1, and Uncategorized. Tags: CH and Long Read.



Chancery Division

Definition of Chancery Division In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Chancery Division : The division of the *High Court of Justice created by the Judicature Acts 1873-75 to replace the *Court of Chancery. The work of the Division is principally concerned [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: CH, Intellectual Property Law, and Short Read.



Change Of Control

Change Of Control in Contract Formation It is often advisable to include this term in any contract. In Pinsent Mason's words:During the course of a contract one party may change the structure of their company. In these circumstances the other party may wish to terminate the contract, for [...]

Categories: C, Contract Formation , and su1. Tags: CH and Short Read.



Charge

Definition of Charge In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Charge : 1. A formal accusation of a crime, usually made by the police after *interrogation See also indictment. 2. Instructions given by a Judge to a Jury. 3. A legal or equitable interest in land, [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CH, Charges, and Scotland .



Charges

Company Law: Security for borrowing – company charges Refine your research by picking one of the following subsections: Types of charge over company properties Priority of Company Charges Registration of Company Charges Register of Company Charges Other forms of registration of Company [...]

Categories: Business Law, C, and su1. Tags: Borrowing, CH, Charges, and Short Read.



Charter-party

Meaning of Charter-party The following is an old definition of Charter-party [1]: A contract by which the owner lets his vessel to another for freight. A contract by which an entire ship, or some principal part thereof, is let to a merchant for the conveyance of goods on a determined voyage to [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CH.



Check-Off

Definition of Check-Off In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Check-Off : A system whereby a company deducts union membership fees from a member's wages during the calculation of those wages and pays them over to the unio Such deductions are regulated by [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CH and Short Read.



Chief

Concept of Chief Traditional meaning of chief [1] in the English common law history: Head; lord; principal. Chief justice: the oldest, or presiding judge of a court. The chief justice of England is the chief justice of the K. B. Chief lord : the ultimate or highest lord of the fee, of whom the [...]

Categories: C, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: CH.



Christianity

Meaning of Christianity The following is an old definition of Christianity [1]: The system of doctrines and precepts taught by Christ; the religion founded by Christ. Christianity is said to be part of the common law. Christianity is parcel of the laws of England; and, therefore, to reproach [...]

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Cinque Ports

English Law: Cinque Ports in the Past Literally, five ports. There is further information on this topic in this legal reference. The name by which tho five ports of Hastings, Ramenhale, Hetha or Hethe, Dover and Sandwich, are known. 2. These ports have peculiar charges and services imposed [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: CI.



Circuit

Meaning of Circuit The following is an old definition of Circuit [1]: A division of country visited by a judge for the dispensing of justice, as for tlie trial of causes; also, the periodical journey itself. The judges ot assize and of nisi prius are twice a year sent around the kingdom to [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CI.



City

Concept of City The following is an old definition of City [1], a term which has several meanings:1. An incorporated town or borough, which, in England, is or has been the see of a bishop. An incorporated town. The word city may include a town, see, in this resource, the term 2. A municipal [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CI.



City Code

Definition of City Code On Takeovers And Mergers In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of City Code On Takeovers And Mergers : A body of rules regulating those engaged in the conduct of *takeovers and *mergers of public companies. It is administered by a Panel [...]

Categories: Business Law, C, and su1. Tags: CI and Company Reconstructions.



Civil Procedure Rules

Definition of Civil Procedure Rules In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Civil Procedure Rules : CPR (Civil Procedure Rules, CPR) The new procedural code, which was enacted in 1998 and revoked the *Rules of the Supreme Court with effect from 26 April 1999. [...]

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Class Rights

Definition of Class Rights In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Class Rights : Rights that attach to a clearly defined class of share (e.g. preference *shares) or are conferred upon a person for so long as he is a holder of any shares. In the latter case [...]

Categories: Business Law, C, and su1. Tags: CL, Membership, and Share Capital.



Clergyable

Meaning of Clergyable The following is an old definition of Clergyable [1]: Admitting or entitled to the benefit of clergy. Benefit of clergy. Exemption from capital punishment, anciently allowed to churchmen, and, later, to laymen. Originated in the regard princes had for the church, and the [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CL.



Club

Definition of Club In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Club : An association regulated by rules that bind its members according to the law of contract. Club property is either vested in trustees for the members (members' club) or owned by a proprietor [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CL, Club Law, and Short Read.



Codifier

Meaning of Codifier The following is an old definition of Codifier [1]: One who makes or assists in making a code. A code ought to be based upon the principle that it aims at nothing more than the reduction to a definite and systematic shape of the results obtained and sanctioned by the [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CO.



Collecting Agent

Meaning of Collecting Agent or Agency The following is an old definition of Collecting Agent or Agency [1]: A collection to be made by a collecting agent imports an undertaking by such agent himself; not that he receives a claim for transmission to another for collection, for whose negligence [...]

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Commence

Meaning of Commence The following is an old definition of Commence [1]: In several uses has a somewhat technical import: Commencement of a building. Work done on the ground the effect of which is apparent. See further Building. Commencement of an action, prosecution, or suit. Such inception of [...]

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Common Law Abridgments

(Source: the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) In legal bibliography the terms abridgment, digest and encyclopedia are often interchangeable, the terminology in use at any given time owing more to fashion than to science. (18) Each was an attempt to encapsule the law into a [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: Case Law, Central Common Courts, CO, Common Law, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Royal Courts.



Commonhold

Definition of Commonhold In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Commonhold : A third way of owning land, in addition to *freehold and *leasehold, that is expected to be introduced into England and Wales in accordance with the Commonhold and Leasehold Reform [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CO and Common.



Commonwealth

Definition of Commonwealth In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Commonwealth: (Commonwealth, British Commonwealth) n. A voluntary association consisting of the UK and many of its former colonies or dependencies (e.g. protectorates) that have attained full [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CO and Common.



Compensation

Definition of Compensation In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Compensation : Monetary payment to compensate for loss or damage. When someone has committed a criminal offence that caused personal injury, loss, or damage, and he has been convicted for this [...]

Categories: Business Law, C, and su1. Tags: CO and Directors.



Competitive Tendering

Definition of Competitive Tendering In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Competitive Tendering : The introduction of competition into the provision of public services with the aim of improving the cost-effectiveness and quality of these services. It [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CO and Short Read.



Compulsory Winding-up

Definition of Compulsory Winding-Up In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Compulsory Winding-Up : A procedure for winding up a company by the court based on a petition made under circumstances listed in the Insolvency Act 1986. The main grounds for this type [...]

Categories: Bankruptcy, Business Law, C, Estate Planning, Finance Law, and su1. Tags: Banking, Banking Law, Bankruptcy, CO, Finance, Financial Law, Insolvencies, Insolvency Law, Short Read, and Winding-up.