Conservatism in United Kingdom
Conservatism The conservative Party in Britain
British conservative doctrine and the Conservative Party that evolved after the mid-19th century remained attached to parliamentary and constitutional democracy. Gradual extension of the franchise, social legislation, and better cooperation between the poor and the rich became part of the conservative tradition.
In the 20th century the Conservative Party accepted and even initiated economic controls by the state and broadened the social responsibility of the state in matters of health, education, and economic security. After World War II the Conservatives went so far as to accept the nationalization of key industries that had been instituted by the Labour (Socialist) Party and to endorse fully the tenets of the welfare state. Only after 1979 did the Conservative Party begin to reconsider the practices of state controls, welfare measures, and nationalization. (1)
In this Section: Conservatism, Conservative Party, Conservative Party Organization and Conservative Party History.