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English Court System Developments in United Kingdom

Later Developments in the English Court System

Introduction to English Court System Developments

Administrative and structural changes in important but secondary features, such as those wrought by the Judicature Act of 1873, have been made. This act, which went into effect in 1875, preserved the role of the House of Lords as the chief appellate tribunal of England and Wales and consolidated all the superior civil courts into a Supreme Court of Judicature with two principal branches: the Court of Appeal, the highest appellate court below the House of Lords, and the High Court of Justice. The latter tribunal comprises three divisions: Chancery Division; King’s, or Queen’s, Bench Division; and Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division. Enactment of the Criminal Appeal Act of 1907 established the Court of Criminal Appeal as the highest appellate tribunal after the House of Lords in criminal cases. Besides the superior courts, the judicial system of England and Wales includes many lower courts organized into circuits. The highest civil court of Scotland is the Court of Session, and the highest criminal court is the High Court of Justiciary. Appeals may be taken from these courts to the House of Lords.” (1)


Notes and References

  • Information about English Court System Developments in the Encarta Online Encyclopedia
  • Guide to English Court System Developments

    In this Section

    Courts, Court of Common Pleas, Court of High Commission, Court of Star Chamber, English Court System Developments, Criminal Courts Structure and Civil Courts Structure.

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    Schema Summary

    • Article Name: English Court System Developments
    • Author: Danny W.
    • Description: Later Developments in the English Court System Introduction to English Court System Developments Administrative and [...]

    This entry was last updated: August 24, 2014


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