United Kingdom Encyclopedia of Law     Wiki Legal Encyclopedia (BETA)
What do you need to know about law? Search in more than 1.500.000 entries

Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom

Legal Framework of United Kingdom Respect for Religious Freedom in 2016

In the absence of a written constitution, the law establishes the Church of England as England’s state church. Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland do not have state religions.

This issue of Religious Freedom in United Kingdom

Legislation establishes the Church of Scotland as Scotland’s national church, but it is not dependent on any government body or the queen for spiritual matters or leadership.

Other Developments in 2016

As the Supreme Governor of the Church of England, the monarch must always be a member of, and promise to uphold, that Church. The monarch appoints Church of England officials, including lay and clergy representatives, on the advice of the prime minister and the Crown Appointments Commission. Aside from these appointments, the state is not involved in the church’s administration. The Church of Scotland is governed by its General Assembly, which has the authority to make the laws determining how it operates. The General Assembly consists of 850 ministers and clergy members and meets once a year for a week in May.

Some Details

In England and Wales the law prohibits inciting hatred against a person on the grounds of his or her religion. The law prohibits religiously motivated hate language, and any acts intended to incite religious hatred through the use of words or the publication or distribution of written material. The law defines religious hatred as hatred of a group because of its religious belief or lack thereof. The police are responsible for investigating criminal offenses and for gathering evidence; the Crown Prosecution Service, which is an independent body and the main public prosecution service for England and Wales, is responsible for deciding whether a suspect should be charged with a criminal offense. The maximum penalty for inciting religious hatred is seven years in prison. If there is evidence of religious hostility in connection with any crime, it is a “religiously aggravated offense” and carries a higher maximum penalty than the underlying crime alone. In Scotland the law requires courts consider the impact of religious bias when sentencing.

More about this question of Religious Freedom in United Kingdom

By law, the General Register Office for England and Wales governs the registration and legal recognition of places of worship in England and Wales. By law, buildings, rooms or other premises can be registered as meeting places for religious worship upon payment of a fee; a record of the registration is then kept by the General Register Office for England and Wales, and the place of worship is assigned a “Worship Number.” Registration is not compulsory, but it gives certain financial advantages and is also required before a place of worship can be registered as a venue for marriages. Registered places of worship are exempt from paying taxes and came claim back 25 percent in donations from the country’s Gift Aid program. Source: 2016 Report on International Religious Freedom, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, United States Department of State, 2017

Global and Comparative Religious Freedom

Legal Framework of United Kingdom Respect for Religious Freedom in 2016

Twenty-six senior bishops of the Anglican Church sit in the House of Lords as representatives of the state Church. Known as the Lords Spiritual, they read prayers at the start of each daily meeting and play a full and active role in the life and work of the upper house.

This issue of Religious Freedom in United Kingdom

The law requires visa applicants wishing to enter the country as “ministers of religion” to have worked for at least one out of the previous five years as a minister and to have at least one year of full-time experience or, if their religion requires ordination, at least two years of part-time training following their ordination. A missionary must also be trained as such or have worked previously in this role.

Other Developments in 2016

The country is a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Source: 2016 Report on International Religious Freedom, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, United States Department of State, 2017



Law is our Passion


This entry about Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0) licence, which permits unrestricted use and reproduction, provided the author or authors of the Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom entry and the Encyclopedia of Law are in each case credited as the source of the Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom entry. Please note this CC BY licence applies to some textual content of Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom, and that some images and other textual or non-textual elements may be covered by special copyright arrangements. For guidance on citing Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom (giving attribution as required by the CC BY licence), please see below our recommendation of "Cite this Entry".

Cite this entry

Legal Citations Generator

(2020, 03). Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom lawi.org.uk Retrieved 05, 2021, from https://lawi.org.uk/legal-framework-respect-for-religious-freedom/

03 2020. 05 2021 <https://lawi.org.uk/legal-framework-respect-for-religious-freedom/>

"Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom" lawi.org.uk. lawi.org.uk, 03 2020. Web. 05 2021. <https://lawi.org.uk/legal-framework-respect-for-religious-freedom/>

"Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom" lawi.org.uk. 03, 2020. Accesed 05 2021. https://lawi.org.uk/legal-framework-respect-for-religious-freedom/

Finlay Harris, 'Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom' (lawi.org.uk 2020) <https://lawi.org.uk/legal-framework-respect-for-religious-freedom/> accesed 2021 May 15

Usage Metrics

76 Views. 55 Visitors.

Google Scholar: Search for Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom Related Content

 

Schema Summary

  • Article Name: Legal Framework Respect For Religious Freedom
  • Author: Finlay Harris
  • Description: Legal Framework of United Kingdom Respect for Religious Freedom in 2016 In the absence of a written constitution, the law [...]

This entry was last updated: March 26, 2020

LE



Recent Comments