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Promissory Estoppel in United Kingdom

Promissory Estoppel in Contract Law

According to Questions & Answers Law of Contract: Law Revision and Study Guide (Law Questions & Answers, Oxford University Press), by Adrian Chandler and Ian Brown, Promissory Estoppel may have the following meaning: see estoppel n. [from Norman French estouper, to stop up] A rule of evidence or a rule of law that prevents a person from denying the truth of a statement he has made or from denying facts that he has alleged to exist. The denial must have been acted upon (probably to his disadvantage) by the person who wishes to take advantage of the estoppel or his position must have been altered as a result. There are several varieties of estoppel. Estoppel by conduct (or in pais) arises when the party estopped has made a statement or has led the other party to believe in a certain fact. Estoppel by deed prevents a person who has executed a deed from saying that the facts stated in the deed are not true. Estoppel by record (or per rem judicatam) prevents a person from reopening questions that are res judicata (i.e. that have been determined against him in a previous legal proceeding). See also issue estoppel.

There are two forms of equitable estoppel – promissory and proprietary. The doctrine of promissory estoppel applies when one party to a contract promises the other (by words or conduct) that he will not enforce his rights under the contract in whole or in part. Provided that the other party has acted in reliance on that promise, it will, though unsupported by consideration, bind the person making it: he will not be allowed subsequently to sue on the contract. When applicable, the doctrine thus modifies the common-law rules relating to accord and satisfaction. Under the doctrine of proprietary estoppel, the courts can grant a discretionary remedy in circumstances where an owner of land has implicitly or explicitly led another to act detrimentally in the belief that rights in or over land would be acquired. The remedy may take the form of the grant of a fee simple in the property at one extreme or the grant of a short-term occupational licence at the other.

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(2015, 01). Promissory Estoppel lawi.org.uk Retrieved 01, 2021, from https://lawi.org.uk/promissory-estoppel/

01 2015. 01 2021 <https://lawi.org.uk/promissory-estoppel/>

"Promissory Estoppel" lawi.org.uk. lawi.org.uk, 01 2015. Web. 01 2021. <https://lawi.org.uk/promissory-estoppel/>

"Promissory Estoppel" lawi.org.uk. 01, 2015. Accesed 01 2021. https://lawi.org.uk/promissory-estoppel/

Ian Brown, 'Promissory Estoppel' (lawi.org.uk 2015) <https://lawi.org.uk/promissory-estoppel/> accesed 2021 January 22

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Schema Summary

  • Article Name: Promissory Estoppel
  • Author: Ian Brown
  • Description: Promissory Estoppel in Contract Law According to Questions & Answers Law of Contract: Law Revision and Study Guide (Law [...]

This entry was last updated: January 27, 2015


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