United Kingdom Encyclopedia of Law     Wiki Legal Encyclopedia (BETA)
What do you need to know about law? Search in more than 1.500.000 entries

Scottish Enlightenment in United Kingdom

British Political and Social Thought: The Scottish Enlightenment

Introduction to Scottish Enlightenment

Another group of 18th-century British thinkers, Scottish intellectuals from Glasgow, Edinburgh, and St. Andrews, offered a conception of human nature and an interpretation of history rather different from those put forward by Lockean liberalism and neoclassical republicanism. Thinkers such as Francis Hutcheson, David Hume, and Adam Smith did not depict men as the independent and autonomous individuals described by Locke. Men, they insisted, are moved to community by a common moral sense that produces sociability and benevolent cooperation. These thinkers regarded the quest for a moral life as the product of a disinterested and rational perception of the common good. Moral sense provides all men with an intuitive knowledge of what is right and wrong. All men are equal in the view of this school, since they all possess the moral capacity for sociability and benevolence.

The Scottish school proposed a unique interpretation of history. Unlike the republican thinkers, Scottish writers such as Hume, Smith, Adam Ferguson, and Lord Henry Home Kames, did not see history as Bolingbroke’s repeating cycle of destructive corruption and virtuous revitalization. Nor did they see the present as an era of luxury and selfishness, falling short of the goals of republicanism. Rather, they depicted history as evolving in terms of distinct stages of development, each characterized by the primary mode of economic production. Societies move through four progressive stages: the ages of hunting, herding, agriculture, and commerce. The highest stage, commerce, produces economic abundance and a freer, more civilized social order. For Hume and Smith, modern market society, not the classical or Saxon past, produced freedom and happiness.” (1)


Notes and References

  • Information about Scottish Enlightenment in the Encarta Online Encyclopedia
  • Guide to Scottish Enlightenment

    Buy your Vintage Company Today

    A vintage ready made (or vintage off the shelf) company is one that has already been formed at Companies House a long time ago; a registered company with a company number available for immediate use.
    • UP TO DATE. All our vintage ready-made companies are up to date, with dormant statutory filing.
    • AVAILABLE IMMEDIATELY. Company number is available for immediate use.
    • COMPETITIVE PRICES. Vintage company prices vary depending on date of formation, but we have the best prices.
    Prices by year of formation:
    • 17-Jun-03: £4.900
    • 25-Jun-03: £4.900
    • 30-sep-03: £4.800
    • 04-Jan-05: £3.900
    • 17-Oct-05: £3.700
    • 17-Oct-05: £3.700
    • 13-Jul-07: £2.900
    If you would like to buy 3 UK Vintage Shelf Companies or more, we would like to offer you discounts on net prices. Contact us to law@braxton.uk.com.

    Law is our Passion

    This entry about Scottish Enlightenment has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0) licence, which permits unrestricted use and reproduction, provided the author or authors of the Scottish Enlightenment entry and the Encyclopedia of Law are in each case credited as the source of the Scottish Enlightenment entry. Please note this CC BY licence applies to some textual content of Scottish Enlightenment, and that some images and other textual or non-textual elements may be covered by special copyright arrangements. For guidance on citing Scottish Enlightenment (giving attribution as required by the CC BY licence), please see below our recommendation of "Cite this Entry".

    Cite this entry

    Legal Citations Generator

    (2014, 08). Scottish Enlightenment lawi.org.uk Retrieved 01, 2021, from https://lawi.org.uk/scottish-enlightenment/

    08 2014. 01 2021 <https://lawi.org.uk/scottish-enlightenment/>

    "Scottish Enlightenment" lawi.org.uk. lawi.org.uk, 08 2014. Web. 01 2021. <https://lawi.org.uk/scottish-enlightenment/>

    "Scottish Enlightenment" lawi.org.uk. 08, 2014. Accesed 01 2021. https://lawi.org.uk/scottish-enlightenment/

    Danny W., 'Scottish Enlightenment' (lawi.org.uk 2014) <https://lawi.org.uk/scottish-enlightenment/> accesed 2021 January 25

    Usage Metrics

    496 Views. 401 Visitors.

    Google Scholar: Search for Scottish Enlightenment Related Content


    Schema Summary

    • Article Name: Scottish Enlightenment
    • Author: Danny W.
    • Description: British Political and Social Thought: The Scottish Enlightenment Introduction to Scottish Enlightenment Another group of [...]

    This entry was last updated: August 24, 2014


    Recent Comments