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Entries Labeled: Biographies (140)

 

List of entries about Biographies


Below you will find specific information on biographies, where you may choose a link from the list to get started. In this label about biographies (International Encyclopedia of Law), we look in more detail at:

 

Alan Lennox-Boyd

Alan Lennox-Boyd History Conservative politician. Minister of Transport between 1952-1954, then Secretary of State for the colonies until 1959, overseeing independence for many of the United Kingdom's colonies. Offered to resign over British troops' actions in Kenya during the Mau Mau [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Alec Douglas-Home

Alec Douglas-Home History Conservative politician who served in various ministries before becoming Harold Macmillan's surprise successor as Prime Minister in 1963, for which he gave up his peerage. After election defeat in 1964 he was Leader of the Opposition until replaced by Edward [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Alexander Paterson

Sir Alexander Paterson History A penologist, appointed Commissioner for Prisons in 1922, he introduced reforms to provide a more humane regime in prisons, and encouraged rehabilitation amongst inmates. Using Wakefield Prison as a testing ground, prisoners were allowed to earn small sums [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Andrew Bonar Law

Andrew Bonar Law History Conservative Prime Minister between 1922-1924. Invited to form a coalition government in 1916 but deferred to David Lloyd George. One of the issues he presided over as Prime Minster was inter-Allied war debts, as the United Kingdom owed vast sums of money to the US, [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and History.



Aneurin Bevan

Aneurin Bevan History A Welsh miner and trade union official, elected MP for Ebbw Vale in 1929. As Minister of Health in the Attlee government he was responsible for the successful creation of the National Health Service (NHS). In 1951 he resigned over the introduction of prescription charges. [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Anthony Barber

Anthony Barber History Conservative politician who became Chancellor of the Exchequer in Edward Heath's 1970 government. His tax-cutting led to a boom, but high inflation led to a statutory prices and income policy. The oil crisis of 1973 led to spending cuts and a confrontation with the [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Anthony Crosland

Anthony Crosland History Labour intellectual and MP. His book 'The future of socialism' set the agenda for the Wilson government. As Secretary of State for Education he was influential in promoting comprehensive schools. Callaghan made him Foreign Secretary, but he died in office in 1977.

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Anthony Eden

Anthony Eden History Conservative politician and Prime Minister between 1955-1957. Foreign Secretary between 1935-1958. Resigned as he increasingly disagreed with Chamberlain's policy of appeasement. Humiliation in the Suez Crisis and ill-health led him to quit as Prime Minister in 1957.

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Arthur Balfour

Arthur Balfour History Conservative Prime Minister between 1902-1906. His government was deeply divided over economic policy (free trade or imperial preference). Served as foreign secretary between 1916-1919. Responsible for the Balfour Declaration in 1917 which promised Jews a national home [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, History, and Short Read.



Arthur Henderson

Arthur Henderson History Labour and trade union politician. Three times leader of the Labour Party between 1908-1910, 1914-1917 and 1931-1932. Member of Lloyd George's wartime coalition government, Home Secretary in the Labour Government between 1923-1924 and Foreign Secretary between [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Arthur Salter

Sir Arthur Salter History British civil servant who was director of ship requisitioning in the First World War. Sent to America to negotiate more new shipbuilding. After the First World War he worked for the League of Nations in Geneva. In the Second World War he again was in charge of [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Arthur Scargill

Arthur Scargill History President of the National Union of Mineworkers in 1982, and a member of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) General Council. His strong defence of miners brought his union into conflict with the Heath Government, particularly during the 1984-1985 miners strike and when the [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Arthur Steel-Maitland

Arthur Steel-Maitland History Conservative politician who served in various ministerial offices during the First World War, mostly to do with the colonies and trade. Was Minister of Labour between 1924-1929, and was part of the 'inner cabinet' of Baldwin, Hicks and Churchill set up to [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Barbara Castle

Barbara Castle History Left-wing Labour MP. She was the only female member of Harold Wilson's first Cabinet. As Transport Minister she introduced the breathalyser. Her white paper 'In Place of Strife' attempted to ease industrial relations, but failed due to union pressure. [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Charles Trevelyan

Sir Charles Trevelyan History Politician first elected as a Liberal, he joined the Labour Party after the First World War, serving as President of the Board of Education between 1929-1931, when he resigned. He was briefly expelled from the Labour Party in 1939 for supporting a 'Popular [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, CH, and Short Read.



Curzon

Lord Curzon History Conservative politician and minister. Viceroy of India from 1899-1905 and war-time minister. Became Foreign Secretary between 1919-1924. Noted for the Curzon Line, his proposed boundary between Poland and Russia. Rejected in 1919 by the Poles who moved the border much [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, CU, and Short Read.



Cyril Jones

Sir Cyril Jones History Senior civil servant who in 1950 conducted an inquiry into the financial working of the National Health Service (NHS) critical of budgetary control mechanisms and suggested changes.

Categories: C and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, CY, and Short Read.



Danckwerts

Justice Danckwerts History Sir Harold Otto Danckwerts (1888-1978), Lord Justice of Appeal who arbitrated between the Ministry of Health and GPs over the level of remuneration under the new NHS in 1952.

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DA, and Short Read.



David Eccles

David Eccles History Conservative MP and Peer, who served as a minister under Churchill, Eden, Macmillan and Heath. Helped organise the Coronation in 1953. As Minister of Arts in the 1970s clashed with the Arts Council over the funding of controversial plays. Died in 1999.

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DA, and Short Read.



David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George History Liberal politician and Prime Minister. As Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1909 he forced through the 'People's Budget' introducing Old Age Pensioners (OAPs). As Munitions Minister in 1915 helped to solve the shortage of shells. Became Prime Minister in [...]

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DA, History, and Short Read.



David Maxwell-Fyfe

David Maxwell-Fyfe History Conservative politician and lawyer. Took part in the Nuremberg War Trials and played a part in drafting the European Convention of Human Rights. As Home Secretary refused clemency to Derek Bentley who was subsequently hanged.

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DA, and Short Read.



David Ormsby-Gore

David Ormsby-Gore History Conservative politician and diplomat. After wartime service he was elected in 1950 and held minor ministerial posts. He was Ambassador to the United States between 1961-1965 and knew the Kennedys personally from their time in London. He became a peer in 1965.

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DA, and Short Read.



Denis Healey

Denis Healey History Right-wing Labour politician. Stood for election as party leader three times but lost each time. As Chancellor of the Exchequer tried to introduce an effective incomes policy but failed due to union opposition, and was forced into seeking a humiliating loan from the [...]

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DE, and Short Read.



Derek Bentley

Bentley And Craig History Derek Bentley was hanged for the murder of a policeman possibly committed by friend and accomplice, Christopher Craig, in the course of a robbery attempt. It created a cause célèbre and led to a 45-year-long successful campaign to win him a posthumous pardon. Craig, [...]

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DE, and Short Read.



Devonshire

Lord Devonshire History Ninth Duke of Devonshire. A Liberal MP from 1891-1908 until he inherited the title. He was a respected Governor-General of Canada from 1916-1921. On returning to England after his term in Canada, he worked for the League of Nations and was then Secretary of State for [...]

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DE, and Short Read.



Donald Maclean

Donald Maclean History British traitor. Recruited by the Soviet Union while at Cambridge, he entered the Diplomatic Service in 1935. Serving in key positions in Washington between 1944-1950 and then in London, he was able to supply the Russians with classified and confidential information. He [...]

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DO, and Short Read.



Duncan Sandys

Duncan Sandys History Conservative politician. As Minister for Defence he was responsible for the Defence Review of 1957 that ended conscription. As Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations between 1960-1964 he played a major role in de-colonisation.

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DU, and Short Read.



Edmund Allenby

Sir Edmund Allenby History British Field Marshall and administrator who was nicknamed the 'Bloody Bull'. He served in the Boer War and on the Western Front in the First World War. He became famous for his tactical expertise and leadership of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force in the [...]

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, ED, and History.



Edward Carson

Sir Edward Carson History Ulster Unionist and Conservative MP, he became Attorney-General in 1915 and joined the War Cabinet 1917-1918. He is remembered for his role as organiser of the Ulster Volunteers and his violent opposition to Irish Home Rule, reviving the slogan, 'Ulster will [...]

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, ED, and Short Read.



Edward Heath

Edward Heath History Conservative politician and Prime Minister between 1970-1974. A committed pro-European, he led the United Kingdom into the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973. His confrontation with the miners led to the Three Day Week and to two lost elections in 1974. Replaced by [...]

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, ED, and Short Read.



Edward Hilton Young

Sir Edward Hilton Young History Originally a Liberal, he was Financial Secretary to the Treasury in 1921, Chief Whip in 1922 and editor of the 'Financial News' between 1926-1929. In 1926 he joined the Conservatives, and served as a delegate to the League of Nations Assembly between [...]

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, ED, and Short Read.



Edward Short

Edward Short History Labour MP and Minister under Harold Wilson. Deputy Leader of the Party between 1972-1976. Probably best known for 'Short Money' - the allowance paid by government to fund the parliamentary office of the Leader of the Opposition.

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, ED, and Short Read.



Edwin Montagu

Edwin Montagu History Liberal MP and advocate of Indian independence. Most famous for the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms of 1919. Resigned as Secretary of State for India in 1922 in protest over the slow pace of reform. An anti-Zionist who helped modify the 'Balfour Declaration' of 1917.

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, ED, and Short Read.



Ellen Wilkinson

Ellen Wilkinson History Left wing Labour MP. Nicknamed 'Red Ellen' on account of her hair and her politics. Took part in the Jarrow March. Became Minister of Education in the Attlee Government, the second woman to be a Cabinet Minister. Her School Milk Act 1946 gave free milk to all [...]

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, EL, and Short Read.



Enoch Powell

Enoch Powell History Conservative MP from 1950-1974 and an Ulster Unionist MP from 1974-1987. Controversial throughout his career. Held strong and distinctive views on matters such as immigration and the United Kingdom's entry into the European Economic Community (EEC). Best remembered for [...]

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, EN, and Short Read.



Eric Geddes

Sir Eric Geddes History Conservative politician brought into Government in 1915, he held several significant military posts during the First World War. Remembered for his post-war comment, 'We shall squeeze the German lemon until the pips squeak', and for recommending heavy cuts in [...]

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, ER, and Short Read.



Ernest Bevin

Ernest Bevin History British union leader and politician. Minister of Labour during the first world war and Foreign Secretary in the post-war Labour government. In 1922 was one of the founders of the Transport and General Workers' Union (TGWU). A firm opponent of fascism and appeasement. [...]

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, ER, and Short Read.



Ernest Brown

Ernest Brown History British Liberal politician and holder of minor Government offices between 1931-1940. Followed Sir John Simon and split from the Liberal Party in 1931 to set up the National Liberals. Perhaps best remembered for the Unemployment Insurance (Agriculture) Act of 1936, and work [...]

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, ER, and Short Read.



Ernest Gowers

Sir Ernest Gowers History British civil servant who served in many government departments before 1930. During Attlee's government he chaired a Royal Commission on capital punishment, becoming an abolitionist. He also investigated the preservation, maintenance and use of homes of [...]

Categories: E and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, ER, and Short Read.



Florence Horsbrugh

Florence Horsbrugh History Conservative politician and first conservative female cabinet minister as Minister for Education between 1951-1954. She had a life-long interest in social welfare issues and was responsible for the Adoption of Children (Regulation) Act of 1939. Delegate to the [...]

Categories: F and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, FL, and Short Read.



Frank Cousins

Frank Cousins History Trade union leader and Labour politician who served as General Secretary of the Transport & General Workers' Union and a member of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) General Council between 1956-1969. Twice President of the International Transport Workers' [...]

Categories: F and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, FR, and Short Read.



Frederick Leith-Ross

Sir Frederick Leith-Ross History Chief economic advisor to the Government. Treasury economist and civil servant sent to the US in 1933 to discuss the settlement of the United Kingdom's war debt (the First World War) to the US. Played a key role at the Ministry of Economic Warfare during [...]

Categories: F and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, FR, and Short Read.



General Dyer

General Dyer History British Army General and instigator of the Amritsar Massacre in 1919, where unarmed Indian protestors were fired on by British troops. 379 were killed and over 1200 were injured. A Commission of Inquiry severely censured Dyer who was forced to resign, amid great [...]

Categories: G and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, GE, and Short Read.



General Harrison

General Harrison History The Commander of the British garrison in Chanak in 1922, sent there to protect the Dardanelles. Threatened by Turkish forces, Lloyd George insisted that the British troops hold their ground. The crisis led to the fall of Lloyd George's coalition government.

Categories: G and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, GE, and Short Read.



General Montgomery

General Montgomery History Successful British Army commander, particularly in the Second World War. Nicknamed 'Monty', his Allied forces were victorious at El Alamein, October 1942, subsequently helping expel the Axis Powers from North Africa. He commanded all Allied ground forces in [...]

Categories: G and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, GE, and Short Read.



General Slim

General Slim History British soldier who fought in Mesopotamia in the First World War, but best known for his leadership of the 'Forgotten Army' in the successful Burma Campaign of the Second World War, for which he was knighted. Chief of Imperial Staff between 1948-1952, and a [...]

Categories: G and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, GE, and Short Read.