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Entries Labeled: British History (336)

 

List of entries about British History


Below you will find specific information on british history, where you may choose a link from the list to get started. In this label about british history (International Encyclopedia of Law), we look in more detail at:

 

Addled Parliament

The Parliament summoned by James I in 1614 in the hope of raising money. The Commons demanded the abolition of impositions (duties raised by the sole authority of the King), a demand which failed to receive the support of the Lords, and also the restoration of the ejected clergy to their [...]

Categories: su1 and Uncategorized. Tags: British History and Parliament.



Agency

Definition of Agency In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Agency : 1. The relationship between an *agent and his principal. 2. The business carried on by an agent. The Agency in the History Labour struggled to find an advertisement agency that would [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AG and British History.



Alan Lennox-Boyd

Alan Lennox-Boyd History Conservative politician. Minister of Transport between 1952-1954, then Secretary of State for the colonies until 1959, overseeing independence for many of the United Kingdom's colonies. Offered to resign over British troops' actions in Kenya during the Mau Mau [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Alec Douglas-Home

Alec Douglas-Home History Conservative politician who served in various ministries before becoming Harold Macmillan's surprise successor as Prime Minister in 1963, for which he gave up his peerage. After election defeat in 1964 he was Leader of the Opposition until replaced by Edward [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Alexander Paterson

Sir Alexander Paterson History A penologist, appointed Commissioner for Prisons in 1922, he introduced reforms to provide a more humane regime in prisons, and encouraged rehabilitation amongst inmates. Using Wakefield Prison as a testing ground, prisoners were allowed to earn small sums [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Amalgamated Engineering Union

Amalgamated Engineering Union History Created in 1920 following the amalgamation of many smaller unions. Continued to grow by absorbing smaller unions. Now part of Amicus. Generally on the right wing of union politics, played a large part in securing a shorter working week in 1989-91. Allowed [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AM, British History, and Short Read.



Andrew Bonar Law

Andrew Bonar Law History Conservative Prime Minister between 1922-1924. Invited to form a coalition government in 1916 but deferred to David Lloyd George. One of the issues he presided over as Prime Minster was inter-Allied war debts, as the United Kingdom owed vast sums of money to the US, [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and History.



Aneurin Bevan

Aneurin Bevan History A Welsh miner and trade union official, elected MP for Ebbw Vale in 1929. As Minister of Health in the Attlee government he was responsible for the successful creation of the National Health Service (NHS). In 1951 he resigned over the introduction of prescription charges. [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Anglo-Saxon Law

History of Anglo-Saxon Criminal Law The stage which the development of criminal law had reached in England by the reign of Edward the Confessor is thus described by Pollock and Maitland (Hist. Eng. Law, ii. 447): “On the eve of the Norman Conquest what we may call Anglo-Saxon law. the [...]

Categories: Criminal law and su1. Tags: British History and Long Read.



Anthony Barber

Anthony Barber History Conservative politician who became Chancellor of the Exchequer in Edward Heath's 1970 government. His tax-cutting led to a boom, but high inflation led to a statutory prices and income policy. The oil crisis of 1973 led to spending cuts and a confrontation with the [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Anthony Crosland

Anthony Crosland History Labour intellectual and MP. His book 'The future of socialism' set the agenda for the Wilson government. As Secretary of State for Education he was influential in promoting comprehensive schools. Callaghan made him Foreign Secretary, but he died in office in 1977.

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Anthony Eden

Anthony Eden History Conservative politician and Prime Minister between 1955-1957. Foreign Secretary between 1935-1958. Resigned as he increasingly disagreed with Chamberlain's policy of appeasement. Humiliation in the Suez Crisis and ill-health led him to quit as Prime Minister in 1957.

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Area Health Authority

Aha (Area Health Authority) History Area Health Authorities (AHAs) had the function of ensuring adequate provision of hospital, GP and community medical services in their area. They were in effect the local NHS. Replaced by Primary Care Trusts in 2003.

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, British History, and Short Read.



Arran

Lord Arran History 8th Earl Arran and Conservative Whip in the House of Lords. Sponsor of Leo Abse's private members bill to legalise male homosexual relations when it came to the Lords.

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, British History, and Short Read.



Arthur Balfour

Arthur Balfour History Conservative Prime Minister between 1902-1906. His government was deeply divided over economic policy (free trade or imperial preference). Served as foreign secretary between 1916-1919. Responsible for the Balfour Declaration in 1917 which promised Jews a national home [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, History, and Short Read.



Arthur Henderson

Arthur Henderson History Labour and trade union politician. Three times leader of the Labour Party between 1908-1910, 1914-1917 and 1931-1932. Member of Lloyd George's wartime coalition government, Home Secretary in the Labour Government between 1923-1924 and Foreign Secretary between [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Arthur Salter

Sir Arthur Salter History British civil servant who was director of ship requisitioning in the First World War. Sent to America to negotiate more new shipbuilding. After the First World War he worked for the League of Nations in Geneva. In the Second World War he again was in charge of [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Arthur Scargill

Arthur Scargill History President of the National Union of Mineworkers in 1982, and a member of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) General Council. His strong defence of miners brought his union into conflict with the Heath Government, particularly during the 1984-1985 miners strike and when the [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Arthur Steel-Maitland

Arthur Steel-Maitland History Conservative politician who served in various ministerial offices during the First World War, mostly to do with the colonies and trade. Was Minister of Labour between 1924-1929, and was part of the 'inner cabinet' of Baldwin, Hicks and Churchill set up to [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Assizes

Assizes History Courts sitting at regular intervals in each county of England and Wales to administer the civil and criminal law. In 1972 the civil jurisdiction of assizes was moved to the High Court and the criminal jurisdiction to the Crown Court. As early as 1179, This issue under the [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AS, Assizes, British History, Courts, Itinerant Courts, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Royal Courts.



Attorney-general

Attorney General Attorney General in the United Kingdom The office of attorney general dates from the reign (1272-1307) of King Edward I. It developed gradually until the 17th century, when the attorney general became chief legal counsel to the Crown and all departments of state and [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AT, British History, and History.



Auckland Geddes

Sir Auckland Geddes History British politician and diplomat. Served in the First World War, then as Director of National Service between 1917-1918. As Ambassador to the United States between 1920-1924 he produced a report into the treatment of British immigrants at Ellis Island. Chairman of [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AU, British History, and Short Read.



Austen Chamberlain

Austen Chamberlain History Conservative politician. Leader of Tariff Reform in the Commons in the early twentieth century. As Foreign Secretary he negotiated the Locarno Treaty in 1925. From 1933 onwards he consistently warned against the Nazi threat.

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AU, British History, and Short Read.



Barbara Castle

Barbara Castle History Left-wing Labour MP. She was the only female member of Harold Wilson's first Cabinet. As Transport Minister she introduced the breathalyser. Her white paper 'In Place of Strife' attempted to ease industrial relations, but failed due to union pressure. [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



BBC

The Six/Nine in the History Abbreviation that refers to the BBC six o'clock or nine o'clock news. Radio, television and the BBC: UK Legal History From information to mass entertainment Partly due to technological advances made during the First World War, radio became not only a means [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BB, British History, and History.



Beveridge Report

Beveridge Report History A very influential report on Social Insurance and Allied Services in 1942, which identified five evils: want, ignorance, disease, squalor and idleness. It recommended a compulsory system of state insurance (to which employers, employees and the state would contribute) [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE, British History, and Short Read.



Bevin Boys

Bevin Boys History 48,000 conscripted men, aged 18-25, who were ordered to work in coal mines instead of joining the armed forces from December 1943. Coal mining lost 36,000 workers to the armed forces, and 10% of male conscripts were made to work in coal mining, often until 1948.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE, British History, and Short Read.



Blue Streak

Blue Streak History Blue Streak was a British designed medium range nuclear missile. Work on the project started in 1955 but the system was cancelled in 1960 in favour of the American air launched ballistic missile 'Skybolt'. Blue Streak was to be a liquid fuelled missile and would [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BL, British History, and Short Read.



Board of Agriculture

Board Of Agriculture History A government department created in 1889. It became the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food in 1955. Until the Food Standards Agency was created, it was responsible for both food production and food safety, which was seen by some to give rise to a conflict [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BO, British History, and Short Read.



Borstal

Definition of Borstal In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Borstal : An institution to which young offenders (aged 15 to 20 inclusive) could be sent before June 1983 instead of priso Sentence to borstal has been replaced by *detention in a young offender [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BO, British History, and Short Read.



British Aerospace

British Aerospace History Nationalised company formed in 1977 by the merger of several major aircraft manufacturers. Privatised in the 1980s. Became BAE Systems in 1999. the United Kingdom's largest exporter, averaging £4.5 billion a year, 80% of which is defence-based.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BR, British History, and Short Read.



British Expeditionary Force

British Expeditionary Force (Bef) (1914) History BEF 1914. The cream of the British Army sent to France in 1914. Known as the 'Old Contemptibles' due to the Kaiser dismissing them as a 'contemptibly small army'. Played a crucial role in stopping the German advance at the Battle [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BR, British History, and Short Read.



British North America

Elections in British North America: 1758–1866 In the colonies that would later form Canada, the vote was a privilege reserved for a limited segment of the population – mainly affluent men. Eligibility was based on property ownership: to be eligible, an individual had to own property or [...]

Categories: su1 and Uncategorized. Tags: British History.



Broadmoor Hospital

Broadmoor Hospital History A high security psychiatric hospital in Berkshire with about 260 patients, most of whom suffer from severe mental illness. Some also have personality disorders. The majority have been convicted of serious crimes or have been found unfit to plead in a trial for such crimes.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BR, British History, and Short Read.



Canada

History: Political Unrest and First Elections Lord Durham was given the task of identifying the causes of political unrest in the colonies of British North America and proposing solutions. His first recommendation was to give each colony responsible government – an idea London did not accept [...]

Categories: su1 and Uncategorized. Tags: British History and Colonial.



Charles Buller

Charles Buller (1806-1848), English politician, son of Charles Buller (d. 1848), a member of a well-known Cornish family (see below), was born in Calcutta on the 6th of August 1806; his mother, a daughter of General William Kirkpatrick, was an exceptionally talented woman. He was educated at [...]

Categories: Biography and su1. Tags: British History and Judges.



Charles Trevelyan

Sir Charles Trevelyan History Politician first elected as a Liberal, he joined the Labour Party after the First World War, serving as President of the Board of Education between 1929-1931, when he resigned. He was briefly expelled from the Labour Party in 1939 for supporting a 'Popular [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, CH, and Short Read.



Chevaline

Chevaline History Chevaline was a British designed improvement package for the submarine launched nuclear ballistic missile. The programme was conducted in great secrecy in the 1970s and was extremely expensive. The improvements gave Polaris missiles a higher chance to surviving Soviet [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: British History, CH, and Short Read.



Christopher Addison

Christopher Addison History Liberal MP from 1910-1922. the United Kingdom's first Minister of Health in 1919. Resigned in 1921 and joined the Labour Party. Made a peer in 1937 and led the Labour peers from 1940.

Categories: C and su1. Tags: British History, CH, and Short Read.