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Entries Labeled: History (175)

 

List of entries about History


Below you will find specific information on history, where you may choose a link from the list to get started. In this label about history (International Encyclopedia of Law), we look in more detail at:

 

Abdication Crisis

History of the Abdication Crisis, 1936 The following commentary about Abdication Crisis, 1936 in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Constitutional crisis caused by King Edward VIII's decision to marry the twice-divorced American, Wallis Simpson, despite the [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AB, History, and Short Read.



Abolition

Controversy and abolition: UK Legal History The Homicide Act 1957 During the late 1940s and early 1950s, there were several high profile murder cases, including those of Bentley and Craig, Evans and Christie, and Ruth Ellis. The imposition of the death penalty in these cases was extremely [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CO and History.



Absolute Rights of Englishmen

British Political and Social Thought: Common Law and the Absolute Rights of Englishmen Introduction to Absolute Rights of Englishmen In the 17th and 18th centuries some thinkers looked to England's legal history to justify a greater role for Parliament and rule by law rather than by royal [...]

Categories: A, Magna Carta, and su1. Tags: AB and History.



Abyssinia Crisis

History of the Abyssinia Crisis, 1935 The following commentary about Abyssinia Crisis, 1935 in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Invasion of Abyssinia (later known as Ethiopia) by Italian forces in October 1935. Abyssinia lay between two existing Italian [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AB, History, and Short Read.



Admiralty

History of the Admiralty The following commentary about Admiralty in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Department of the Government administering the Royal Navy. Meaning of Admiralty The following is an old definition of Admiralty [1]: A court exercising [...]

Categories: A, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AD, History, and Maritime Law.



Alexander Lindsay

History of the Alexander Lindsay (1879-1952), later Lord Lindsay of Birker The following commentary about Alexander Lindsay (1879-1952), later Lord Lindsay of Birker in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Educationist. President of the Oxford Union (1902). [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL, History, and Short Read.



Alfred Duff Cooper

History of the Alfred Duff Cooper (1890-1954), later 1st Lord Norwich The following commentary about Alfred Duff Cooper (1890-1954), later 1st Lord Norwich in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): British politician. Elected Conservative MP for Oldham (1924). [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL, History, and Short Read.



Alfred Harmsworth

History of the 1st Lord Northcliffe, formerly Alfred Harmsworth (1865-1922) The following commentary about 1st Lord Northcliffe, formerly Alfred Harmsworth (1865-1922) in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): British press baron, owner of the Times and founder of [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AL, History, and Short Read.



Andrew Bonar Law

Andrew Bonar Law History Conservative Prime Minister between 1922-1924. Invited to form a coalition government in 1916 but deferred to David Lloyd George. One of the issues he presided over as Prime Minster was inter-Allied war debts, as the United Kingdom owed vast sums of money to the US, [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AN, Biographies, British History, and History.



Anglicanism

In the Sixteenth Century Anglicanism is the name frequently applied to that form of Protestantism which stamped the state church in England in the sixteenth century and which is now represented by the Episcopal Church in the United States as well as by the established Church of England. The [...]

Categories: su1 and Uncategorized. Tags: Featured, History, Long Read, and Religious.



Anglo-Norman Law

Criminal Law History Minor acts of violence, dishonesty or nuisance, were dealt with in seigniorial and borough courts by presentment of the jurors of courts baron and courts leet, and punished by fine or in some cases by pillory, tumbril or stocks. Grave acts were dealt with by the sheriff [...]

Categories: su1 and Uncategorized. Tags: History.



Arthur Balfour

Arthur Balfour History Conservative Prime Minister between 1902-1906. His government was deeply divided over economic policy (free trade or imperial preference). Served as foreign secretary between 1916-1919. Responsible for the Balfour Declaration in 1917 which promised Jews a national home [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, Biographies, British History, History, and Short Read.



Arthur Knyvet Wilson

History of the Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Knyvet Wilson (1842-1921) The following commentary about Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Knyvet Wilson (1842-1921) in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): First Sea Lord (most senior Admiral of the Royal Navy), [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, History, and Short Read.



Arthur Neville Chamberlain

History of the Arthur Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) The following commentary about Arthur Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): British politician. Prime Minister 1937-1940. Lord Mayor of Birmingham, 1915-1916, then served as [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AR, History, and Short Read.



Attorney-general

Attorney General Attorney General in the United Kingdom The office of attorney general dates from the reign (1272-1307) of King Edward I. It developed gradually until the 17th century, when the attorney general became chief legal counsel to the Crown and all departments of state and [...]

Categories: A and su1. Tags: AT, British History, and History.



Backbenches

History of the Backbenches The following commentary about Backbenches in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Those seats in the House of Commons occupied by ordinary members of Parliament who do not hold ministerial office within the Government or are not [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, History, and Short Read.



BBC

The Six/Nine in the History Abbreviation that refers to the BBC six o'clock or nine o'clock news. Radio, television and the BBC: UK Legal History From information to mass entertainment Partly due to technological advances made during the First World War, radio became not only a means [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BB, British History, and History.



Before and After the Wolfenden Report

Before and after the Wolfenden Report: UK Legal History Homosexuality in the 1950s At the beginning of the 1950s, homosexual acts were still considered by law to be criminal offences. The number of convictions rose rapidly in the immediate post-war period as the Home Office pursued prosecution [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and History.



Between and After the World Wars

Between and after the World Wars: UK Legal History Inter-war years During the inter-war years, legislation moderated the circumstances in which the death sentence could be applied. The Infanticide Act of 1922 made the killing of a baby by its mother no longer a capital crime. This was extended [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and History.



Brendan Bracken

History of the 1st Lord Bracken (1901-1958), earlier Brendan Bracken The following commentary about 1st Lord Bracken (1901-1958), earlier Brendan Bracken in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): British politician and close friend of Winston Churchill. Elected as [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BR, History, and Short Read.



British Political Thought

British Political and Social Thought Introduction to British Political Thought By Isaac Kramnick (Historian): Many of the central ideals of government that are taken for granted today have their origins in the traditions of British social and political thought. Respect for the rule of law and [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BR and History.



Cabinet Minister

History of the Cabinet Minister The following commentary about Cabinet Minister in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Senior Government Minister who attends the Cabinet. Junior Ministers do not attend.

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA, History, and Short Read.



Cabinet Secretary

History of the Cabinet Secretary The following commentary about Cabinet Secretary in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Senior British civil servant, with responsibility for administering and co-ordinating Cabinet policy.

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA, History, and Short Read.



Calvinism

In the Sixteenth Century In Scotland Scotland, like every other European country in the early part of the sixteenth century, had been a place of protest against moral and financial abuses in the Catholic Church, but the beginnings of ecclesiastical rebellion are to be traced rather to [...]

Categories: su1 and Uncategorized. Tags: History and Religious.



Casualty

History of the Casualty The following commentary about Casualty in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Technically a service-man or -woman becomes a casualty when he or she is rendered unfit for service, even if only temporarily. As a rough rule-of-thumb [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CA, History, and Short Read.



Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

History of the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The following commentary about Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Officially a member of the Government representing the Crown as Duke of Lancaster, but generally a [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CH, History, and Short Read.



Charles Beresford

History of the Admiral 1st Lord Beresford (1846-1919), earlier Admiral Lord Charles Beresford. The following commentary about Admiral 1st Lord Beresford (1846-1919), earlier Admiral Lord Charles Beresford. in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Commander of the [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CH, History, and Short Read.



Charles II

Charles II, 1660-1685, was a king of England. The experiment in Puritan republicanism had resulted only in convincing the majority of the people that the government is, and ought to be, by King, Lords, and Commons. The people merely asked for some assurances against despotism,—and when a [...]

Categories: Biography, Political Science, and su1. Tags: History.



Charles Monro

History of the General Sir Charles Monro (1860-1929) The following commentary about General Sir Charles Monro (1860-1929) in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Commanded Allied forces at the Dardanelles and on the Gallipoli Peninsula during the First World War, [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CH, History, and Short Read.



Chief of the Imperial General Staff

History of the Chief of the Imperial General Staff, (CIGS) The following commentary about Imperial Chief of the General Staff (CIGS) in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): The General in charge of the Imperial General Staff. The CIGS was an influential figure in [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CH, History, and Short Read.



Children and Young Persons Acts

Children and Young Persons Acts: UK Legal History Treatment of young offenders The Children and Young Persons Acts of 1963 and 1969 reformed the treatment of young offenders in juvenile courts. The 1963 act emphasised the importance of care and protection, raising the age of criminal [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CH and History.



Christmas Pudding

History of Christmas pudding The following concept of Christmas pudding may be usefull here:The ingredients of the traditional festive pudding may include spices from India and Sri Lanka, sugar and rum from the West Indies, and dried fruits from Australia and South Africa.

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CH, History, and Short Read.



Church of England

Definition of Church of England In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Church of England : The established Church in England, of which the sovereign is the supreme head. Structurally, the Church consists of the two provinces of Canterbury and York, which [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: Canon Law, CH, Ecclesiastical Law, and History.



Cinema

Cinema: UK Legal History The inter-war film industry By the end of the First World War, the British film industry was facing a slump due mainly to duties levied on the industry. As a result, American films became predominant. In 1927, the Cinematograph Films Act obliged film distributors and [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CI and History.



Colonel Blimp

History of the Colonel Blimp The following commentary about Colonel Blimp in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Originally an Evening Standard cartoon from the 1930's, expressing various pompous and reactionary opinions. Described by his creator, the [...]

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CO, History, and Short Read.



Committee of Imperial Defence

History of the Committee of Imperial Defence The following commentary about Committee of Imperial Defence in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Government committee of senior Ministers with responsibility for policy relating to the protection of the British Empire.

Categories: C and su1. Tags: CO, History, and Short Read.



Criminal Justice Policy

Criminal justice policy: UK Legal History Criminal Justice Act 1877 The Criminal Justice Act of 1877 remained in force until 1948, and was subject to reformist criticism during the inter-war period. Sir Maurice Waller and Sir Alexander Paterson were members of the Prisons Commission, and were [...]

Categories: C, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: CR, Criminal Law, and History.



Daines Barrington

Daines Barrington (1727-1800), English lawyer, antiquary and naturalist, was born in 1727, fourth son of the first Viscount Barrington. He was educated for the profession of the law, and after filling various posts, was appointed a Welsh judge in 1757 and afterwards second justice of [...]

Categories: Biography and su1. Tags: History.



David Beatty

History of the Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Beatty (1871-1936), earlier Admiral Sir David Beatty. The following commentary about Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Beatty (1871-1936), earlier Admiral Sir David Beatty. in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Naval [...]

Categories: D and su1. Tags: DA, History, and Short Read.



David Hume

British Political and Social Thought: The Conservatism of Hume and Burke Introduction to Hume In addition to playing a significant role in the Scottish Enlightenment, Hume was important in the development of the British conservative tradition. In Of the Origin of Government and Of the Original [...]

Categories: Biography, H, and su1. Tags: History and HU.



David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George History Liberal politician and Prime Minister. As Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1909 he forced through the 'People's Budget' introducing Old Age Pensioners (OAPs). As Munitions Minister in 1915 helped to solve the shortage of shells. Became Prime Minister in [...]

Categories: D and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, DA, History, and Short Read.



Desmond Morton

History of the Major Sir Desmond Morton (1891-1971) The following commentary about Major Sir Desmond Morton (1891-1971) in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Personal Assistant to Winston Churchill, 1940-1946. Aide to Field Marshal Haig in 1917, winning the [...]

Categories: D and su1. Tags: DE, History, and Short Read.