United Kingdom Encyclopedia of Law     Wiki Legal Encyclopedia (BETA)
What do you need to know about law? Search in more than 1.500.000 entries

Toleration Act in United Kingdom

The Toleration Act of 1689

Background

James II, like his brother, claiming the right to “suspend” the laws and statutes which Parliament had enacted against Roman Catholics and Dissenters, issued a Declaration of Indulgence in 1687, which exempted Catholics and Dissenters from punishment for infractions of these laws. Furthermore, he appointed Roman Catholics to office in the army and in the civil government. In spite of protests, he issued a second Declaration of Indulgence in 1688 and ordered it to be read in all Anglican churches, and, when seven bishops remonstrated, he accused them of seditious libel. No jury would convict the seven bishops, however, for James had alienated every class, and they were acquitted. The Tories were estranged by what seemed to be a deliberate attack on the Anglican Church and by fear of a standing army. The arbitrary disregard of parliamentary legislation, and the favor shown to Roman Catholics, goaded the Whigs into fury.

Religious Toleration for Protestant Dissenters: Continued Persecution of Roman Catholics

Both Whigs and Tories had participated in the Revolution, and both reaped rewards. The Tories were especially pleased with the army laws and with an arrangement by which farmers were given a “bounty” or money premium for every bushel of grain exported. [That is, when wheat was selling for less than 6s. a bushel]. The Whigs, having played a more prominent part in the deposition of James II, were able to secure the long-coveted political supremacy of Parliament, and religious toleration of Dissenters.

The Toleration Act of 1689 did not go as far as the Dissenters might have desired, but it gave them the legal right to worship in public, while their enemies, the Roman Catholics, remained under the ban.



Law is our Passion


This entry about Toleration Act has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0) licence, which permits unrestricted use and reproduction, provided the author or authors of the Toleration Act entry and the Encyclopedia of Law are in each case credited as the source of the Toleration Act entry. Please note this CC BY licence applies to some textual content of Toleration Act, and that some images and other textual or non-textual elements may be covered by special copyright arrangements. For guidance on citing Toleration Act (giving attribution as required by the CC BY licence), please see below our recommendation of "Cite this Entry".

Cite this entry

Legal Citations Generator

(2014, 10). Toleration Act lawi.org.uk Retrieved 05, 2021, from https://lawi.org.uk/toleration-act/

10 2014. 05 2021 <https://lawi.org.uk/toleration-act/>

"Toleration Act" lawi.org.uk. lawi.org.uk, 10 2014. Web. 05 2021. <https://lawi.org.uk/toleration-act/>

"Toleration Act" lawi.org.uk. 10, 2014. Accesed 05 2021. https://lawi.org.uk/toleration-act/

International, 'Toleration Act' (lawi.org.uk 2014) <https://lawi.org.uk/toleration-act/> accesed 2021 May 15

Usage Metrics

715 Views. 543 Visitors.

Google Scholar: Search for Toleration Act Related Content

 

Schema Summary

  • Article Name: Toleration Act
  • Author: International
  • Description: The Toleration Act of 1689 Background James II, like his brother, claiming the right to suspend the laws and statutes [...]

This entry was last updated: October 30, 2016

Religious



Recent Comments