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Thematic Index

 

Entries Categorized: Civil Law (511)

 

 

Below you'll find a list of all entries that have been categorized as Civil Law

 

 

Abiding By Plea

English Law: Abiding by Plea in the Past English law. A defendant who pleads a frivolous plea or a plea merely for the purpose of delaying the suit; or who for the same purpose, must file a similar demurrer, may be compelled by rule in term time or by a Judge's order in vacation, either to [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AB.



Ac Etiam

English Law: Ac Etiam in the Past In order to give jurisdiction to a court, a cause of action over which the court has jurisdiction is alleged and also,, (ac etiam) another cause of action over which, without being joined with the first, the court would have no jurisdiction; for example, to [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AC.



Accedas Ad Curiam

English Law: Accedas ad Curiam in the Past That you go to court. An original writ, issuing out of chancery, now of coarse, returnable in K. B. or C. P. for the removaI of a replevin sued by plaint in court of any lord, other than the county before the sheriff (see law enforcement in the U.K. [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AC and Short Read.



Accedas Ad Vicecomitem

English Law: Accedas ad Vicecomitem in the Past The name of a writ directed to the coroner, commanding him to deliver a writ to the sheriff (see law enforcement in the U.K. encyclopedia), who having a pone delivered to him, suppresses it. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AC and Short Read.



Accession

English Law: Accession in the Past The ownership of a thing, whether it be real or personal, movable or immovable, carries with it the right to all that the thing produces and to all that becomes united to it, either naturally or artificially; this is called the right of accession. [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AC and Property.



Accident

Accident in the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser Based on the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser , by W.S.M. Knight, Barrister –at – Law. Accident is, in law, a most elusive term. And yet actions for damages for personal injuries, and injuries to property through accident, are [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AC and Legal Practice Terms.



Accord and satisfaction

Accord and satisfaction in the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser Based on the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser , by W.S.M. Knight, Barrister –at – Law. Accord and Satisfaction is a satisfaction agreed upon between the party having a claim, and the party from whom the claim is [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AC.



Account of Profits

Definition of Account of Profits In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Account of Profits : A remedy that a claimant can claim as an alternative to damages in certain circumstances, e.g. in an action for breach of *copyright. A successful claimant is [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: AC, Intellectual Property Law, and Short Read.



Acquiescence

Acquiescence in the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser Based on the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser , by W.S.M. Knight, Barrister –at – Law. Acquiescence is a form of estoppel. The term must have attached to it a very different signification, according to whether the [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AC.



Ad Quod Damnum

English Law: Ad Quod Damnum in the Past The name of a writ issuing out of and returnable into chancery, directed to the sheriff (see law enforcement in the U.K. encyclopedia), commanding him to inquire by a jury 'What damage (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) it [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AD and Short Read.



Adjudication

Definition of Adjudication In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Adjudication : 1. The formal judgment or decision of a court or tribunal. 2. A decision by the Commissioners of Inland Revenue as to the amount (if any) of *stamp duty payable on a [...]

Categories: A, Bankruptcy, Business Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: AD.



Adjuncts

English Law: Adjuncts in the Past English law. Additional judges appointed to decide causes in the High Court of Delegates, when the former judges cannot decide as a result of disagreement or because one of the law judges of the court was not one of the majority. Shelf. on Lun. 310. [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AD and Short Read.



Admeasurement Of Pasture

English Law: Admeasurement of Pasture in the Past The name of a writ which lies where any tenants have common appendant in another ground and one overcharges the common with beasts. There is further information on this topic in this legal reference. The other commoners, to get their just [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AD and Short Read.



Admiitendo In Socium

English Law: Admiitendo in Socium in the Past A writ associating certain people to justices of assize. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about admiitendo in socium is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AD and Short Read.



Admittance

English Law: Admittance in the Past The act of giving possession of a copyhold estate, as livery of seisin is of a freehold; it is of three kinds, namely uponavoluntary grant by the lord) upon a surrender by the former tenant (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AD and Short Read.



Affection

English Law: Affection in the Past The making over, pawning or mortgaging a thing to assurp the payment of a sum of money or the discharge of some other duty or service. Techn. Diet. AFFEERERS, English law. Those who upon oath settle and moderate fines in courts leet. Hawk. 1. 2, c. 112. [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AF, Contracts, and Short Read.



Affeerers

English Law: Affeerers in the Past Those who upon oath settle and moderate fines in courts leet. Hawk. 1. 2, c. 112. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about affeerers is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AF and Short Read.



Affidatio Dominorum

English Law: Affidatio Dominorum in the Past An oath taken by a lord in parliament. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about affidatio dominorum is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a list of [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AF and Short Read.



Afforce, Afforcement Of The Assize

English Law: Afforce, Afforcement of the Assize in the Past An ancient practice in trials by jury, which is explained by Bracton, (fo. 185, b. 292 a) and by the author of Fleta, lib. 4, cap. 9, 2. It consisted in adding other jurors to the panel of jurors, after the cause had been committed to [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AF.



Age-prayer, Age-prier, Oetatis Precatio

English Law: Age-prayer, Age-prier, Oetatis Precatio in the Past English law, practise. Wnen an action is brought against an infant for lands which he hath by descent, he may show this to the court and pray quod loquela remaneat until he must become of age; which is called his age-prayer. Upon [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AG and Short Read.



Aid Prayer

English Law: Aid Prayer in the Past A petition to the court calling in help from another person who has an interest in the matter in dispute. For example, a tenant (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) for life, by the courtesy or for years, being impleaded, may [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AI and Short Read.



Aids

English Law: Aids in the Past Formerly they were certain sums of money granted by the tenant (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) to his lord in times of difficulty and distress, but, as usual in such cases, what was received as a gratuity by the rich and powerful [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AI.



Alba Firma

English Law: Alba Firma in the Past When quit rents were reserved payable in silver or white money, they wero called white rents or blanch farms reditus albi. When they were reserved payable in work, grain or the like, they were called reditus nigri or black mail. 2 Inst. 19. [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AL and Short Read.



Alienation Office

English Law: Alienation Office in the Past An office to which all writs of covenants and entries are carried for the recovery of fines levied thereon. See Alienate. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about alienation [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AL and Short Read.



Allocation

Definition of Allocation In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Allocation : The stage in civil litigation when a decision is made as to how the case is to be dealt with. After each of the parties has completed and filed an *allocation questionnaire, [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AL.



Allocatione Facienda

English Law: Allocatione Facienda in the Past A writ commanding that an allowance be made to an accountant, for such moneys as he has lawfully expended in his office. It is directed to the lord treasurer and barons of the exchequer. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AL and Short Read.



Allodarii

English Law: Allodarii in the Past Book of Domesday. Such tenants, wbo have as large an estate as a subject can have. 1 Inst. 1; Bac. Ab Tenure, A. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about allodarii is based on the [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AL and Short Read.



Alta Proditio

English Law: Alta Proditio in the Past High treason. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about alta proditio is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a list of terms of the Bouvier´s Law [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AL and Short Read.



Amende Honorable

English Law: Amende Honorable in the Past A penalty imposed upon a person by way of disgrace or infamy, as a punishment for any offence or for the purpose of making reparation for any injury (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) done to another, as the walking into [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, F, and su1. Tags: AM and FI.



Amerciament, Amercement

English Law: Amerciament, Amercement in the Past A pecuniary punishment arbitrarily imposed by some lord or count, in distinction from a fine which is expressed according to the statute. Kitch. 78. Amerciament royal, when the amerciament is made by the sheriff (see law enforcement in the U.K. [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AM and Short Read.



Ancient Demesne

English Law: Ancient Demesne in the Past Those lands which either were reserved to the crown at the original distribution of landed property (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) or such as came to it afterwards, by forfeiture or other means. 1. Sal. 57; hob. 88; 4 [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AN and Short Read.



Anciently

English Law: Anciently in the Past A term for eldership or seniority used in the statute of Ireland (see more about this legal system) , 14 Hen. Vni. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about anciently is based on the [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AN and Short Read.



Ancients

English Law: Ancients in the Past A term for gentlemen in the Inns of Courts who are of a certain standing. In the Middle Temple, all who have passed their readings are termed ancients. In Gray's Inn, the ancients are the oldest barristers; besides which the society consists of benchers, [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AN and Short Read.



Antiqua Customa

English Law: Antiqua Customa in the Past A duty or imposition which was collected on wool, wool-felts and leather, was so called. This custom was called nova customa until the 22 Edw. I., when the king, without parliament, set a new imposition of 40s. a sack and then, for the first time, the [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AN and Short Read.



Apostacy

English Law: Apostacy in the Past A total renunciation of the Christian religion and differs from heresy. (see this concept in the corresponding entry on this reference) This offence is punished by the statute of 9 and 10 W. III. c. 32. Vide Christianity. [1][rtbs [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AP and Short Read.



Apposal Of Sheriffs

English Law: Apposal of Sheriffs in the Past The charging them with money received upon account of the Exchequer. 22 Car. II. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about apposal of sheriffs is based on the Bouvier´s Law [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AP and Short Read.



Apposer

English Law: Apposer in the Past An officer of the Court of Exchequer, called the foreign apposer. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about apposer is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AP and Short Read.



Approvement

English Law: Approvement in the Past The inclosing of common land within the lord's waste, so as to leave egress and regress to a tenant (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) who is a commoner. Developments The augmentation of the profits of land. Stat. of Merton, [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, H, and su1. Tags: AP, HO, and Short Read.



Arrestandis Bonis Ne Dissipentur

English Law: Arrestandis Bonis ne Dissipentur in the Past In the English law, a writ for him whose cattle or goods, being taken during a controversy, are likely, to be wasted and consumed. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AR and Short Read.



Assignment

Definition of Assignment In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Assignment : 1. The transfer of a *chose in action by one person (the assignor) to another (the assignee). By the rules of the common law, this was not permissible. If, for example, A was owed a [...]

Categories: A, Business Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Contract Formation , Criminal law, Intellectual Property, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: AS, Copyright, Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Law, Legal Practice Terms, and Partner Relations.



Assize

Definition of Assize In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Assize : 1. An assize court or council. In modern times assizes were sittings of High Court judges travelling on circuits around the country with commissions from the Crown to hear cases. These [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AS.



Attachment Of Privilege

English Law: Attachment of Privilege in the Past A process by which a man by virtue of his privilege, calls another to litigate in that court to which he himself belongs; and who has the privilege to answer there. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AT and Short Read.



Attaint

English Law: Attaint in the Past Atinctus, attainted, stained or blackened. 2. A writ which lies to inquire whether a jury of twelve men gave a false verdict. Bract. lib. 4, tr. 1, c. 134; Fleta, lib. 5, c. 22, 8. Developments It was a trial by jury of twenty-four men empanelled to try the [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AT and Short Read.



Attorney's Certificate

English Law: Attorney's Certificate in the Past English law. By statute 37 Geo. III., c. 90, s. 26, 28, attorneys (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) are needd to deliver to the commissioners of stamp duties, a paper or note-in writing, containing the name and [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AT.



Avowterer

English Law: Avowterer in the Past An adulterer with whom a married woman continues in adultery. T. L. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about avowterer is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AV and Short Read.



Avowtry

English Law: Avowtry in the Past The crime of adultery. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about avowtry is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a list of terms of the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: AV and Short Read.



Bailie

In Scotland the word bailiff has taken the form of bailie, signifying a superior officer or magistrate of a municipal corporation. Bailies, by virtue of their office, are invested with certain judicial and administrative powers within the burgh for which they are appointed. They sit as [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, Procedure Law, and su1. Tags: BA, Law Enforcement, and Scotland.



Bar

The Bar Definition of Bar In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bar : 1. A legal impediment. 2. An imaginary barrier in a court of law. Only Queen's Counsel, officers of the court, and litigants in person are allowed between the bar and the *bench [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Law Practice, Legislation, Procedures, and su1. Tags: BA, Legal Practice Terms, North Ireland, and Solicitor.



Bar Fee

English Law: Bar Fee in the Past A fee taken time out of mind by the sheriff (see law enforcement in the U.K. encyclopedia) for every prisoner who is acquitted. Bac. Ab. Extortion. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Bargain

Bargain, from O. Fr. bargaigne, a word of doubtful origin, appearing in many Romance languages, cf. Ital. bargagno; it is connected with Late Lat. barcaniare, to traffic, possibly derived from barca, a barge. Definition of Unconscionable Bargain In accordance with the work A Dictionary of [...]

Categories: Civil Law, su1, and U. Tags: Contracts, Land law, Property, and UN.



Baron

Baron Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament The British Peerage has five ranks or grades. Baron is the fifth and lowest of the ranks. Baron is a title that was created and first given to John Beauchamp de Holt in 1387. History This word, of uncertain origin, was introduced into England at [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: BA and Legislative Law.



Barons Of Exchequer

English Law: Barons of Exchequer in the Past The name given to the five judges of the Exchequer formerly these were baros of the realm, but now they are chosen from people learned in the law. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Barrister

Definition of Barrister A lawyer who is entitled to represent clients in all of the courts. In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Barrister : A legal practitioner admitted to plead at the Bar. A barrister must be a member of one of the four Inns of [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Legal Practice, and su1. Tags: BA, Featured, Legal Practice Terms, Long Read, and North Ireland.



Base Estate

English Law: Base Estate in the Past The estate which base tenants had in their lands. Base tenants were a degree above villeins, the latter being compelled to perform all the commands of their lords; the former did not hold their lands by the performance of such commands. See Kitch. 41. [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Base Fee

Base Fee, in law, a freehold estate of inheritance which is limited or qualified by the existence of certain conditions. In modern property law the commonest example of a base fee is an estate created by a tenant in tail, not in possession, who bars the entail without the consent of the [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BA and Property.



Bastard Eigne

English Law: Bastard Eigne in the Past Elder bastard. By the old English law, when, a man had a bastard son and he afterwards married the mother and by her had a legitimate son, the first was called a bastard eigne, or, as it is now spelled, aine and the second son was called puisne or since [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Beadle

English Law: Beadle in the Past A messenger or apparitor of a court, who cites people to appear to what is alleged against them, is so called. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about beadle is based on the Bouvier´s [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Beau Pleader

English Law: Beau Pleader in the Past Fair pleading (i.e. There is further information on this topic in this legal reference. The formal allegations by the parties of their respective claims and defenses). See Stultiloquium. Developments This is the name of a writ upon the statute of [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: BE.



Bedel

English Law: Bedel in the Past A cryer or messenger of a court, who cites men to appear and answer. There are also inferior officers of a parish or liberty who bear this name. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Bench

Definition of Bench In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bench : 1. Literally, the seat of a judge in court. The bench is usually in an elevated position at one side of the court room facing the seats of counsel and solicitors. 2. A group of judges or [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BE and North Ireland.



Benefit Of Clergy

English Law: Benefit of Clergy in the Past An exemption of the punishment of death which the laws impose on the commission of certain crimes, on the culprit demanding it. By modern statute's, benefit of clergy was rather a substitution of a more mild punishment for the punishment of death. [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, E, and su1. Tags: BE, EA, and ES.



Benevolence

English Law: Benevolence in the Past An aid given by the subjects to the king under a pretended gratuity, but in realty it was an extortion and imposition. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about benevolence is based [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Beyond Sea

English Law: Beyond Sea in the Past This phrase is used in the acts of limitations of several of the states, in imitation of the phraseology of the English statute of limitations. In Pennsylvania (see more about this U.S. State laws here) , the term has been construed to signify out of the [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BE.



Bilinguis

English Law: Bilinguis in the Past One who uses two tongues or languages. Formerly a jury, part Englishmen and part foreigners, to give a verdict between an Englishman and a foreigner. Vide Medietas Linguae, Plowd. 2. It is abolished in Pennsylvania (see more about this U.S. State laws here). [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BI and Short Read.



Bill Of Privilege

English Law: Bill of Privilege in the Past A process issued out of the court against an attorney (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia), who is privileged from arrest, instead of process demanding bail. 3 Bl. Com. 289. [1][rtbs [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BI and Short Read.



Bishop

English Law: Bishop in the Past An ecclesiastical officer, who is the chief of the clergy of his diocese and is the archbishop's assistant. Happily for the United States of America, these officers are not recognized by law. They derive all their authority from the churches over which they [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BI and Short Read.



Bissextile

English Law: Bissextile in the Past The day which is added every fourth year to the month of February, in order to make the year agree with the course of the sun. It is called bissextile, because in the Roman calendar it was fixed on the sixth day before the calends of March, (which answers to [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BI.



Bockland

English Law: Bockland in the Past The name of an ancient allodial tenure, which was exempt from feudal services. Bac. Ab. Gavelkind, A Spelman's English Works, vol. 2, 233. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BO and Short Read.



Bond Tenant

English Law: Bond Tenant in the Past (For tenant, see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia). Copyholders and usual tenants are sometimes so called. Calth. on Copyh. 51, 54. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BO and Short Read.



Book-land

English Law: Book-land in the Past Land, also called charter-land, which was held by deed under certain rents and fee services and differed in nothing from free socage land. 2 Bl. Com. 90. See 2 Spelman's English Works, 233, tit. Of Ancient Deeds and Charters. [1][rtbs [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BO and Short Read.



Boscage

English Law: Boscage in the Past That food which wood and trees yield to cattle. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about boscage is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a list of terms of the [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BO and Short Read.



Breach of Contract

Definition of Breach of Contract In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Breach of Contract : An actual failure by a party to a contract to perform his obligations under that contract or an indication of his intention not to do so. An indication that a [...]

Categories: ADR, B, Business Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Contract Formation , and su1. Tags: Book Contract Law, BR, Breaches, Contract Law, Dispute Resolution, Financial Law, Legal Practice Terms, Long Read, Mortgages, and Share Capital.



Brevia Formata

English Law: Brevia Formata in the Past The collection of writs found in the Registrum Brevium was so called. There is further information on this topic in this legal reference. The author of Fleta says, these writs were formed upon their cases. They were different from the writs de cursu, [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BR and Short Read.



Brevibus Et Rotulis Liberandis

English Law: Brevibus et Rotulis Liberandis in the Past A writ or mandate directed to a sheriff (see law enforcement in the U.K. encyclopedia), commanding him to deliver to his successor the county and the appurtenances, with all the briefs, rolls, remembrances and all other things belonging [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BR and Short Read.



Bubble Act

English Law: Bubble Act in the Past The name given to the statute 6 Geo. I., c. 18, which was passed in 1719 and was intended " for restraining several extravagant and unwarrantable practices there mentioned." See 2 P. Wms. 219. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BU and Short Read.



Burgage

English Law: Burgage in the Past A species of tenure in socage; it is where the king or other person is lord of an ancient borough, in which the tenements are held by a rent certain. 2 B1. Com. 82. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BU.



By The Bye

English Law: By the Bye in the Past A declaration may be filed without a new process or writ, when the defendant is in court in another case, by the plaintiff in that case having filed common bail for him; the declaration therefore, filed is called a declaration by the bye. 1 Crompt. 96; Lee's [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BY and Short Read.



Camera Stellata

English Law: Camera Stellata in the Past The court of the Star Chamber, now abolished. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about camera stellata is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a list of [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: CA and Short Read.



Cape

English Law: Cape in the Past English law. A judicial writ touching a plea of lands and tenements. There is further information on this topic in this legal reference. The writs which bear this name are of two kinds, namely, cape magnum or grand, cape and cape parvum or petit cape. There is [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: CA and Short Read.



Caput Lupinum

English Law: Caput Lupinum in the Past Having the head of a wolf. An outlawed felon was said to have the head of a wolf and might have been killed by any one legally. Now, such killing would be murder. 1. Hale, Pl. C. 497. There is further information on this topic in this legal reference. The [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: CA and Short Read.



Causa Matrimonii Praelocuti

English Law: Causa Matrimonii Praelocuti in the Past An obsolete writ, which lies when a woman gives land to a man in fee simple or for a less estate, to the intent that he should marry her and he refuses upon ask. New. Nat. Bre. 455. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: CA and Short Read.



Cedent

Scottish Law: Cedent in the Past An assignor. There is further information on this topic in this legal reference. The term is usually applied to the assignor of a chose in action. Kames on Eq. 43. [1][rtbs name="scottish-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: CE and Short Read.



Certification Or Certificate Of Assise

English Law: Certification or Certificate of Assise in the Past A term used in the old English law, applicable to a writ granted for the reexamination or re-trial of a matter passed by assise before justices. F. N. B. 181 3 Bl. Com. 389. There is further information on this topic in this legal [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: CE and Short Read.



Cessavit

English Law: Cessavit in the Past An obsolete writ, which could formerly have been sued out when the defendant had for two years ceased or neglected to perform such service or to pay such rent as he was bound to do by his tenure and had not upon his lands enough goods or cbattels to be [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: CE and Short Read.



Chafewax

English Law: Chafewax in the Past An officer in chancery who fits the wax for sealing, to the writs, commissions and other. instruments then made to be issued out. He is probably so called because he warms (chaufe) the wax. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: CH and Short Read.



Chancellor

History The chancellor in England In England the office of chancellor dates back to the reign of Edward the Confessor, the first English king to use the Norman practice of sealing instead of signing documents; and from the Norman Conquest onwards the succession of chancellors is [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Uncategorized. Tags: CH, Featured, Long Read, and Parliament.



Chancery

History Chancery, in English law, the court of the lord chancellor of England, consolidated in 1873 along with the other superior courts in the Supreme Court of Judicature. Its origin is noticed under the head of Chancellor. It has been customary to say that the court of chancery consists [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Legislation, su1, and Uncategorized. Tags: CH and Long Read.



Chancery Division

Definition of Chancery Division In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Chancery Division : The division of the *High Court of Justice created by the Judicature Acts 1873-75 to replace the *Court of Chancery. The work of the Division is principally concerned [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: CH, Intellectual Property Law, and Short Read.



Charger

Scottish Law: Charger in the Past He in whose favor a decree suspended is pronounced; vet a decree may be suspended before a charge is given on it. Ersk. Pr. L. Scot. 4, 3, 7. [1][rtbs name="scottish-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about charger is [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: CH and Short Read.