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Thematic Index

 

Entries Categorized: Historical (64)

 

 

Below you'll find a list of all entries that have been categorized as Historical

 

 

Act of Settlement

Act of parliament (1701) settling the succession to the throne. The Bill of Rights (1689) had limited the succession -in accordance to Bamber Gascoigne´ Encyclopedia of Britain about “Act of Settlement”- to the children of Mary and Anne (the daughters of James II) and of their cousin William [...]

Categories: A, Historical, Legislation, and su1. Tags: AC and Parliament.



Court of St James

Court of St James's The official name of the royal court of Britain, because St James's Palace was the main royal residence in London during the 18C, when -in accordance to Bamber Gascoigne´ Encyclopedia of Britain about “Court of St James's”- the phrase was established. Diplomats from [...]

Categories: C, Historical, and su1. Tags: CO, Courts, and Short Read.



Court Records under Henry Vi

This issue under the Ruling of King Henry VI of England Court Records under Henry VI and Medieval Law Court Records under Henry VI and Legal History This issue under the Ruling of King Henry VI of England Court Records under Henry VI and Medieval Law Court Records under Henry VI and Legal [...]

Categories: C, Historical, and su1. Tags: Case Reporters, Central Non Common Courts, CO, Court Records, Ecclesiastical Law, Henry VI, Legal history, Local Courts, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, Non Royal Courts, and Royal Courts.



District Courts

District Courts in England History of Local or District Courts Local or District Courts Justice was originally a local product, administered in rude tribunals which partook more or less of a popular character. Each shire had its assembly for hearing pleas, known as a “shire–moot” in [...]

Categories: D, Historical, and su1. Tags: DI, Legal history, and Magna Carta.



Ecclesiastical Courts

(Source: the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) No distinct system of ecclesiastical courts existed in England before the twelfth century. Rather, bishops of the church were also secular lords, who exercised their authority through the local assemblies. In the shire court, the [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, E, Historical, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and su1. Tags: Courts, EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward I

This issue under the Ruling of King Edward I of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward I and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward I and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Adams, Norma, and Charles Donahue, ed. Select [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Edward I, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward Ii

This issue under the Ruling of King Edward II of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward II and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward II and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Ault, Warren O., ed. Court Rolls of the [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Edward II, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward Iii

This issue under the Ruling of King Edward III of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward III and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward III and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Clark, George T., ed. Cartae Et Alia [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Edward III, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward Iv

This issue under the Ruling of King Edward IV of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward IV and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward IV and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Clark, George T., ed. Cartae Et Alia [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Edward IV, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward V

This issue under the Ruling of King Edward V of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward V and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Edward V and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Clark, George T., ed. Cartae Et Alia [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Edward V, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry I

This issue under the Ruling of King Henry I of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry I and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry I and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Bigelow, Melville M., ed. Placita [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Henry I, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry Ii

This issue under the Ruling of King Henry II of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry II and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry II and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Bigelow, Melville M., ed. Placita [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Henry II, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry Iii

This issue under the Ruling of King Henry III of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry III and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry III and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Adams, Norma, and Charles Donahue, ed. [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Henry III, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry Iv

This issue under the Ruling of King Henry IV of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry IV and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry IV and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Clark, George T., ed. Cartae Et Alia [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Henry IV, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry V

This issue under the Ruling of King Henry V of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry V and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry V and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Clark, George T., ed. Cartae Et Alia Munimenta [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Henry V, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry Vi

This issue under the Ruling of King Henry VI of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry VI and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry VI and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Clark, George T., ed. Cartae Et Alia [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Henry VI, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry Vii

This issue under the Ruling of King Henry VII of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry VII and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Henry VII and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Clark, George T., ed. Cartae Et Alia [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Henry VII, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, and Non Royal Courts.



Ecclesiastical Courts under John

This issue under the Ruling of John of England Ecclesiastical Courts under John and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under John and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Adams, Norma, and Charles Donahue, ed. Select Cases From the [...]

Categories: E, Historical, Procedure Law, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, John, Legal history, Litigation, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, Non Royal Courts, Procedures, and Trial.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Richard I

This issue under the Ruling of King Richard I of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Richard I and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Richard I and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Bigelow, Melville M., ed. Placita [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, Non Royal Courts, and Richard I.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Richard Ii

This issue under the Ruling of King Richard II of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Richard II and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Richard II and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Clark, George T., ed. Cartae Et Alia [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, Non Royal Courts, and Richard II.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Richard Iii

This issue under the Ruling of King Richard III of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Richard III and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Richard III and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Clark, George T., ed. Cartae Et Alia [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, Non Royal Courts, and Richard III.



Ecclesiastical Courts under Stephen

This issue under the Ruling of Stephen of England Ecclesiastical Courts under Stephen and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under Stephen and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Bigelow, Melville M., ed. Placita Anglo-Normannica: [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, Non Royal Courts, and Stephen.



Ecclesiastical Courts under William

This issue under the Ruling of William of England Ecclesiastical Courts under William and Medieval Law Ecclesiastical Courts under William and Legal History Legal Materials (Compiled by the University of South Caroline Gould School of Law) Bigelow, Melville M., ed. Placita Anglo-Normannica: [...]

Categories: E, Historical, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Courts, Ecclesiastical Law, Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, Non Royal Courts, and William.



Ecclesiastical Law

Definition of Ecclesiastical Law In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Ecclesiastical Law : (canon law, ecclesiastical law) Church law, such as the Roman Catholic Code of Canon Law and, in England, the law of the Church of England. Unless subsequently [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, E, Historical, Legislation, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Law, Legal history, Legislative Records, Long Read, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, Medieval Statutory Law, and Statutory Law.



Escheat

History of Escheat Escheat, it has been said, “signifies the return of an estate to a lord, either on failure of issue from the tenant or upon account of such tenant’s felony.” (R. Thomson, Magna Charta, p. 236). This lucid description conveys a good general conception of escheat; but it [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, E, Historical, Legislation, Magna Carta, and su1. Tags: Definition, ES, Legal history, and Magna Carta.



History of English Court System

Early History of the English Court System The process of separation of judicial from executive and legislative governmental powers continued during the reign of Edward I with the establishment of the Court of Exchequer as a tribunal having exclusive jurisdiction over revenue cases. See more [...]

Categories: H, Historical, Judiciary, Procedure Law, and su1. Tags: Court of Appeal, Courts, HI, and History of.



Inns of Court

Introduction to Inns of Court Inns of Court, four institutions in London whose members comprise the bar of England and Wales. In order to become a barrister the aspirant must join an Inn as a student and dine in hall 18 times, as well as pass professional examinations, before being [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Historical, I, Judiciary, Legislation, and su1. Tags: Courts and IN.



Law

History of Law in Britain Roman law and English law, both widely influential, are characterized -in accordance to Bamber Gascoigne´ Encyclopedia of Britain about “law”- by very different approaches. In broad terms Roman law follows a coherent written code and a set of principles, while [...]

Categories: Historical, L, and su1. Tags: LA and Long Read.



Medieval Roman Law

Medieval Roman Law and Medieval Law Medieval Roman Law and Legal History Medieval Roman Law and Medieval Law Medieval Roman Law and Legal History Resources See Also Usurpation (in this legal Encyclopedia) Usurpation (in this legal Encyclopedia) Ecclesiastical Courts (in this legal [...]

Categories: Historical, M, and su1. Tags: Ecclesiastical Law and ME.



Patronage in ancient Rome

Patronage in ancient Rome: Clients Patronage (clientela) Clients were citizens of the lower ranks in ancient Rome who chose a patron from the higher classes, whose duty it was to assist them in legal cases, and to take a paternal care of them. The clients, on the other hand, were obliged to [...]

Categories: Historical, P, and su1. Tags: Legal history and PA.



Primer Seisin

History of Primer Seisin Primer Seisin, which is usually regarded as a separate incident, and figures as such in Blackstone’s list, is perhaps better understood, not as an incident at all, but as a special procedure—effective and summary—whereby the Crown could enforce the four incidents [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Historical, Legislation, Magna Carta, P, and su1. Tags: Legal history, Magna Carta, and PR.



Rival Courts

History of Rival Courts In the thirteenth century, there existed not one source of justice, but many. Rival courts, eagerly competing to extend their own sphere of usefulness and to increase their own fees, existed in a bewildering multitude. See more about Rival Courts below, including [...]

Categories: Historical, R, and su1. Tags: Legal history, Magna Carta, and RI.



Royal Courts

History of Royal Courts Origins and Henry II Originally, the King’s Court had been merely one among many feudal courts—differing in degree rather than in kind from those of the great earls or barons. The King, as feudal lord, dispensed justice among his tenants, just as any baron or [...]

Categories: Historical, R, and su1. Tags: Legal history, Magna Carta, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, RO, and Royal Courts.



Scutage

Scutage before the Carta Magna Introduction The Crown did not always insist on personal service, but was frequently willing to accept a commutation in the form of a money payment. The subject of scutage is one of the most vexed of questions, all received opinions of yesterday having to–day [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Historical, Legislation, Magna Carta, S, and su1. Tags: Legal history, Long Read, Magna Carta, and SC.



Trade Unions

History of Trade Unions From the late Middle Ages there were occasional attempts by workers -in accordance to Bamber Gascoigne´ Encyclopedia of Britain about “Trade Unions”- to stand together when arguing with those who paid them, but the common law made it illegal to combine 'in [...]

Categories: Historical, Labour law, su1, and T. Tags: TR.



Treason

Treason in English Law Introduction to Treason Two grades of treason existed in early English law: high treason, which was directed against the Crown, and petty treason, which consisted of a crime against a subject, such as a wife killing her husband, or a servant murdering his master. In [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Historical, Legislation, su1, and T. Tags: Ecclesiastical Law, Long Read, and TR.



Wardship

History of Wardship Wardships are described in the Dialogus de Scaccario as “escheats along with the heir” (escaeta cum herede).(Hughes’ edition, p. 133). This expression does not occur elsewhere, but it would be impossible to find any description of wardship which throws more light on [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Historical, Legislation, Magna Carta, su1, and W. Tags: Legal history, Magna Carta, and WA.