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Thematic Index

 

Entries Categorized: Legislation (261)

 

 

Below you'll find a list of all entries that have been categorized as Legislation

 

 

Account of Profits

Definition of Account of Profits In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Account of Profits : A remedy that a claimant can claim as an alternative to damages in certain circumstances, e.g. in an action for breach of *copyright. A successful claimant is [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: AC, Intellectual Property Law, and Short Read.



Act of Settlement

Act of parliament (1701) settling the succession to the throne. The Bill of Rights (1689) had limited the succession -in accordance to Bamber Gascoigne´ Encyclopedia of Britain about “Act of Settlement”- to the children of Mary and Anne (the daughters of James II) and of their cousin William [...]

Categories: A, Historical, Legislation, and su1. Tags: AC and Parliament.



Adjudication

Definition of Adjudication In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Adjudication : 1. The formal judgment or decision of a court or tribunal. 2. A decision by the Commissioners of Inland Revenue as to the amount (if any) of *stamp duty payable on a [...]

Categories: A, Bankruptcy, Business Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: AD.



Appointment of Judges

Constitutional Reform Act 2005 Civil Liberties Consultation Paper 2003 Consultation Paper 2011 In 2011, the Ministry of Justice published a consultation document entitled Appointments and Diversity: A Judiciary for the 21st Century. It can be accessed on the website of the [...]

Categories: A, Cases, Legislation, and su1. Tags: AP.



Assignment

Definition of Assignment In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Assignment : 1. The transfer of a *chose in action by one person (the assignor) to another (the assignee). By the rules of the common law, this was not permissible. If, for example, A was owed a [...]

Categories: A, Business Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Contract Formation , Criminal law, Intellectual Property, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: AS, Copyright, Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Law, Legal Practice Terms, and Partner Relations.



Bailie

In Scotland the word bailiff has taken the form of bailie, signifying a superior officer or magistrate of a municipal corporation. Bailies, by virtue of their office, are invested with certain judicial and administrative powers within the burgh for which they are appointed. They sit as [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, Procedure Law, and su1. Tags: BA, Law Enforcement, and Scotland.



Bar

The Bar Definition of Bar In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bar : 1. A legal impediment. 2. An imaginary barrier in a court of law. Only Queen's Counsel, officers of the court, and litigants in person are allowed between the bar and the *bench [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Law Practice, Legislation, Procedures, and su1. Tags: BA, Legal Practice Terms, North Ireland, and Solicitor.



Baron

Baron Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament The British Peerage has five ranks or grades. Baron is the fifth and lowest of the ranks. Baron is a title that was created and first given to John Beauchamp de Holt in 1387. History This word, of uncertain origin, was introduced into England at [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: BA and Legislative Law.



Chancellor

History The chancellor in England In England the office of chancellor dates back to the reign of Edward the Confessor, the first English king to use the Norman practice of sealing instead of signing documents; and from the Norman Conquest onwards the succession of chancellors is [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Uncategorized. Tags: CH, Featured, Long Read, and Parliament.



Chancery

History Chancery, in English law, the court of the lord chancellor of England, consolidated in 1873 along with the other superior courts in the Supreme Court of Judicature. Its origin is noticed under the head of Chancellor. It has been customary to say that the court of chancery consists [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Legislation, su1, and Uncategorized. Tags: CH and Long Read.



Chancery Division

Definition of Chancery Division In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Chancery Division : The division of the *High Court of Justice created by the Judicature Acts 1873-75 to replace the *Court of Chancery. The work of the Division is principally concerned [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: CH, Intellectual Property Law, and Short Read.



Copyright

Definition of Copyright In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Copyright : The exclusive right to reproduce or authorize others to reproduce artistic, dramatic, literary, or musical works. It is conferred by the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, which [...]

Categories: Business Law, C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Intellectual Property, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: CO, Copyright, Crown, Cyber Law, Cybersecurity, Data Protection, Featured, Intellectual Property, and Intellectual Property Law.



Coroner

Definition of Coroner In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Coroner : An officer of the Crown whose principal function is to investigate deaths suspected of being violent or unnatural. He will do this either by ordering an *autopsy or conducting an *inquest. [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: CO and North Ireland.



Costs

Definition of Costs In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Costs : Sums payable for legal services. A distinction is drawn between contentious and noncontentious costs (broadly, the distinction between costs relating to litigious and nonlitigious [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, Procedure Law, su1, and Y. Tags: CO, Costs, Intellectual Property Law, and Long Read.



County

Definition of County In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of County : A first-tier *local government area in England (outside Greater London) or Wales. The Local Government Act 1972 created 45 counties for England and 8 for Wales, dividing the former into [...]

Categories: Administrative Law, C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: British History, CO, Featured, and Long Read.



County Court

County Cour Definition of County Court County courts deal with civil cases and do not have jurisdiction to hear criminal cases. In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of County Court : Any of the civil courts forming a system covering all of England and [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, Northern Ireland, and su1. Tags: Civil Jurisdiction, CO, Courts, Featured, Financial Law, Legal Practice Terms, Long Read, Mortgages, North Ireland, and Wales.



Decree

Definition of Decree In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Decree : A law. A court order. History of Decree In English law decree was more particularly the judgment of a court of equity, but since the Judicature Acts the expression “judgment” [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, D, Legislation, and su1. Tags: DE and Legal Practice Terms.



Discharge

Definition of Discharge In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Discharge : Release from an obligation, debt, or liability, particularly the following. 1. Discharge of contract (see here the entry about this topic). 2. The release of a debtor from all [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, D, Legislation, and su1. Tags: DI and Legal Practice Terms.



E-petitions

Introduction In the summer of 2011, the UK Government introduced a new website for registering e-petitions. Issues raised in e-petitions can reach the Backbench Business Committee of the Parliament. E-petitions are an easy, personal way for you to influence government and Parliament in the [...]

Categories: E, Legislation, and su1. Tags: EP, Featured, and Politics.



Ecclesiastical Law

Definition of Ecclesiastical Law In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Ecclesiastical Law : (canon law, ecclesiastical law) Church law, such as the Roman Catholic Code of Canon Law and, in England, the law of the Church of England. Unless subsequently [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, E, Historical, Legislation, and su1. Tags: EC, Ecclesiastical Law, Legal history, Legislative Records, Long Read, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, Medieval Statutory Law, and Statutory Law.



Equity

Definition of Equity In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Equity : 1. That part of English law originally administered by the *Lord Chancellor and later by the *Court of Chancery, as distinct from that administered by the courts of *common law. The common [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, E, Legislation, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and su1. Tags: Courts, EQ, Equitable, Estate Law, Estate Planning, Estates, Long Read, Probate, and Wills.



Escheat

History of Escheat Escheat, it has been said, “signifies the return of an estate to a lord, either on failure of issue from the tenant or upon account of such tenant’s felony.” (R. Thomson, Magna Charta, p. 236). This lucid description conveys a good general conception of escheat; but it [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, E, Historical, Legislation, Magna Carta, and su1. Tags: Definition, ES, Legal history, and Magna Carta.



Estate

Estate Subsisting At Law Resources See Also See legal estate. Definition of Estate In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Estate : 1. (in land law) The character and duration of a person's ownership of land. For example, an estate in fee simple confers [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, E, Legislation, and su1. Tags: ES and Legal Practice Terms.



Fine

Definition of Fine In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Fine : 1. A sum of money that an offender is ordered to pay on convictio Most *summary offences are punishable by a fine with a fixed maximum, in accordance with a standard scale of five levels. These [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, F, Legislation, and su1. Tags: FI and Long Read.



Forest

Meaning of Forest The following is an old definition of Forest [1]: Forests were waste grounds, belonging to the king, replenished with beasts of chase, which are under his protection. For the preservation of the king's game there were particular laws, privileges, courts, and offices helong- [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, F, Legislation, and su1. Tags: FO and Short Read.



House

Boarding-House: Legal History Boarding-House, a private house in which the proprietor provides board and lodging for paying guests. The position of a guest in a boarding-house differs in English law, to some extent, on the one hand from that of a lodger in the ordinary sense of the term, and [...]

Categories: Administrative Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, H, Legislation, and su1. Tags: Buildings, HO, and Real Estate.



Inns of Court

Introduction to Inns of Court Inns of Court, four institutions in London whose members comprise the bar of England and Wales. In order to become a barrister the aspirant must join an Inn as a student and dine in hall 18 times, as well as pass professional examinations, before being [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Historical, I, Judiciary, Legislation, and su1. Tags: Courts and IN.



Inquest

Inquest in North Ireland An inquiry into an unexplained death, conducted by a Coroner (sometimes sitting with a jury), to determine who died and in what circumstances, but without attributing criminal or civil liability to anyone who may have been responsible for the death. Meaning of Inquest [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, I, Legislation, and su1. Tags: IN and North Ireland.



Judgment

Meaning of Judgment The following is an old definition of Judgment [1]: The saying of the law; the sentence of the law, pronounced by the court, upon the matter contained in the record. The determination of the law as the result of proceedings instituted in a court of justice. The final [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, J, Legislation, Procedure Law, and su1. Tags: JU, Litigation, Procedures, and Trial.



Land

Land in different occupation in the Building (Scotland) Act 2003 Meaning of Land in different occupation in the context of the Building (Scotland) Act 2003: in relation to a building, means land occupied, or to be occupied, by a person other than the occupier of the land on which the building [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Environmental Law, L, Legislation, and su1. Tags: Buildings, Environment, Environmental Law, LA, and Real Estate.



Legitim

Note: the meaning is different from Legitimation. Legitim, or Bairn’s Part, in Scots law, the legal share of the movable property of a father due on his death to his children. If a father dies leaving a widow and children, the movable property is divided into three equal parts; one-third [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, L, Legislation, su1, and Uncategorized. Tags: LE, Property, and Scotland.



List of Laboratory Animal Legislation

List of Laboratory Animal Law: Legal Control of the Use of Animals in Research Some early Acts (for example, the Cruelty to Animals Act 1876) are relevant to laboratory animal law but are no longer applicable, having been repealed. Some legislation dealing with animals, such as the Performing [...]

Categories: Legislation and su1. Tags: List of.



Lords Spiritual

The 26 Lords Spiritual, also called Spiritual Peers are, in Great Britain, archbishops and bishops of the Anglican Church who are given seats in the House of Lords. These are the archbishops of Canterbury (the Primate of all England) and York, and 24 of the bishops. History The bishops of [...]

Categories: L, Legislation, and su1. Tags: House of Lords, LO, and Religious.



Navigation Act

Navigation Act, 1651 The members of the Rump (Parliment), still the nominal rulers of England, finding opportunity for profit in the sale of royalist lands and in the administration of finance, had exasperated Cromwell by their maladministration and neglect of the public welfare. The [...]

Categories: Legislation, Maritime Law, and su1.