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Thematic Index

 

Entries Categorized: N (116)

 

| NA | NE | NI | NO | NU |

 

Below you'll find a list of all entries that have been categorized as N

 

 

Nabob

History of Nabob The following concept of Nabob may be usefull here:A derivation of 'nawab' used to describe high-ranking, wealthy Englishmen who returned from India with a large fortune acquired there.

Categories: N and su1. Tags: History, NA, and Short Read.



Naming

Naming of a Member Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament Naming of a Member is the term used to describe the disciplining of an Member of Parliament for breaking the rules of the House of Commons. The only time names are used in the House of Commons chamber are when the Speaker calls Members [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Legislative Law, NA, and Short Read.



Nathaniel Macon

Summary of MACON'S BILL No. 2: (1810) In relation to the legal history of the United States and the United Kingdom: This law was intended to persuade both France and Great Britain from illegal search and seizure practices during the Napoleonic Wars. Nathaniel Macon proposed that the United [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Biographies, Legal history, NA, Short Read, and Treaties.



National Assembly for Wales

Resources See Also Further Reading National Assembly for Wales in the Encyclopedia of Britain National Assembly for Wales in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary National Assembly for Wales in the Halsbury's Laws of England National Assembly for Wales in the Stroud's Judicial [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NA.



National Enterprise Board

National Enterprise Board History Government body set up by the Industry Act 1975 to implement Harold Wilson's plans to increase public ownership of industry. Under Margaret Thatcher its powers were increasingly limited and it was combined to form the British Technology Group, which was [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NA, and Short Read.



National Front

National Front History A British political party formed by a number of racist, neo-fascist and right-wing groups. It aimed to halt the immigration of black citizens from the commonwealth, repatriate immigrants and withdraw from the European Economic Community (EEC). Although it won no [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NA, and Short Read.



National Government

National Government History A government formed of all parties, normally put into effect in times of great economic difficulty. The Great Depression forced Ramsay MacDonald to form a National Government in 1931.

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NA, and Short Read.



National Health Insurance The United Kingdom

Introduction to National Health Insurance The United Kingdom The British system of national health insurance, comprising social security and the National Health Service, was thoroughly reorganized after World War II and is one of the most comprehensive systems in operation. National health [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Health Care and NA.



National Incomes Commission

National Incomes Commission History Set up in 1962 by the Conservative Government to consider wage claims as part of an attempt to introduce an effective, anti-inflationary incomes policy. Mostly ineffectual, as it was boycotted by both employers and unions and dissolved by Harold Wilson in 1965.

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NA, and Short Read.



National Liberation Front

National Liberation Front History The Federation of South Arabia led to the set up of the National Liberation Front (NLF) to fight for independence. It was a 1963 plan to grant independence for Aden. The 'Emergency' continued until late 1967 when the British withdrew, leaving the [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NA, and Short Read.



National Lottery

Resources See Also Further Reading National Lottery in the Encyclopedia of Britain National Lottery in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary National Lottery in the Halsbury's Laws of England National Lottery in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases National Lottery [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NA and Short Read.



National Nuclear Corporation

National Nuclear Corporation History Set up in 1973 to consolidate the nuclear design and construction industry, especially to oversee the introduction of the new range of fast reactors, designed to provide cheap electricity following the Oil Crisis of 1973.

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NA, and Short Read.



National Offender Management Service

Resources See Also Further Reading National Offender Management Service in the Encyclopedia of Britain National Offender Management Service in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary National Offender Management Service in the Halsbury's Laws of England National Offender Management [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NA.



National Probation Service

Resources See Also Further Reading National Probation Service in the Encyclopedia of Britain National Probation Service in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary National Probation Service in the Halsbury's Laws of England National Probation Service in the Stroud's Judicial [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NA and Short Read.



National Uniformity

National Uniformity and the 1834 Report In this issue about national uniformity, the book English Poor Law Policy [1] reads as follows: The most revolutionary principle of the Report of 1834-the fundamental basis alike of the Act of 1834 and of the policy of the Central Authority-was that of [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NA, Poor Laws, and Revolution of 1834.



National Union of Railwaymen

National Union Of Railwaymen History Established in 1913 as an amalgamation of three railway unions, it catered for the majority of railway workers, including catering and maintenance staff. In 1914 it joined forces with the Miners' Federation and the National Transport Workers' [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NA, and Short Read.



Nationalisation

Nationalisation History The act of taking over an industry (or assets) and the industries then being owned and run by the national government. Nationalisation might be for economic reasons - to sustain loss-making industries, for example, or political - to allow people to have full democratic [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NA, and Short Read.



Native Custom

Most Popular Entries related to Native Custom Native Law (in the United Kingdom) Native Law and Custom (in the United Kingdom) Aboriginal Law (in the United Kingdom) Natural Resources Law (in the United Kingdom) Natural Resources Law Enforcement (in the United Kingdom) Natural Resources [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Most Popular, NA, and Native Law.



Native Law

Most Popular Entries related to Native Law Native Law (in the United Kingdom) Native Law and Custom (in the United Kingdom) Aboriginal Law (in the United Kingdom) Natural Resources Law (in the United Kingdom) Natural Resources Law Enforcement (in the United Kingdom) Natural Resources Law [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Most Popular, NA, and Native Law.



Nato

Resources See Also Further Reading Nato in the Encyclopedia of Britain Nato in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary Nato in the Halsbury's Laws of England Nato in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases Nato in the Jowitt's Dictionary of English Law Nato in the [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NA and Short Read.



Natural Resources Law

Most Popular Entries related to Natural Resources Law Native Law (in the United Kingdom) Native Law and Custom (in the United Kingdom) Aboriginal Law (in the United Kingdom) Natural Resources Law (in the United Kingdom) Natural Resources Law Enforcement (in the United Kingdom) Natural [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Most Popular, NA, and Natural Resources Law.



Natural Resources Policy

Most Popular Entries related to Natural Resources Policy Native Law (in the United Kingdom) Native Law and Custom (in the United Kingdom) Aboriginal Law (in the United Kingdom) Natural Resources Law (in the United Kingdom) Natural Resources Law Enforcement (in the United Kingdom) Natural [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Most Popular, NA, and Natural Resources Law.



Naturalize

Meaning of Naturalize The following is an old definition of Naturalize [1]: To make an alien a citizen or as if native-born. Naturalization. The act or proceeding by which an alien becomes a citizen. The Congress shall have Power . . To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization. Before the [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NA.



Nature Conservation

Resources See Also Further Reading Nature Conservation in the Encyclopedia of Britain Nature Conservation in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary Nature Conservation in the Halsbury's Laws of England Nature Conservation in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NA and Short Read.



Nature Of Expert Evidence

Nature of expert evidence in relation to the Technology and Construction Court [rtbs name="technology-and-construction-court"]Expert evidence is evidence as to matters of a technical or scientific nature and will generally include the opinions of the expert. The quality and reliability of [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NA.



Naval Ratings

Naval Ratings History A rate is a Royal Navy rank, held by a person below the rank of Warrant Officer, similar to a private in the army. A person who holds a rate is known as a rating. Rates are designated according to a rating's ability and responsibility; e.g. 'Ordinary', [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NA, and Short Read.



Navigable

Meaning of Navigable The following is an old definition of Navigable [1]: Refers to waters which afford a channel for commerce or intercourse. Opposed, non-navigable, unnavigable. Capable of being used for purposes of navigation, of trade and travel, in the ordinary modes, without reference to [...]

Categories: Commercial Law, N, and su1. Tags: Maritime Law and NA.



Navigation

Summary of Navigation Acts of 1650, 1660, 1663, and 1696 In relation to the legal history of the United States and the United Kingdom: British regulations designed to protect British shipping from competition. Said that British colonies could only import goods if they were shipped on [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Legal history, NA, Short Read, and Treaties.



Nec Vi, Nec Clam, Nec Precario

Nec Vi, Nec Clam, Nec Precario Defined Case Law A selected English Real Property Law Case in relation with nec vi, nec clam, nec precario defined may be: Betterment Properties (Weymouth) Ltd v Dorset C.C. [2012] EWCA Civ 250 (CA) Year of the above case: 2012

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NE, Real Estate, and Short Read.



Necessary Intromission

Scottish Law: Necessary Intromission in the Past When the husband or wife continues, after the decease of his or her companion in possession of the decedent's goods, for their preservation. [1][rtbs name="scottish-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NE and Short Read.



Necessitas

Meaning of Necessitas (Latin Term) The following is an old definition of Necessitas (latin term) [1]: Necessity. Necessitas putalica major est quam privata. Public necessity is greater than private. A private right or necessity must yield to the public good; as in the exercise of the powers of [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NE.



Negligence

Negligence and Medieval Law Negligence and Legal History Resources See Also Law Merchant (in this legal Encyclopedia) Law Merchant (in this legal Encyclopedia) Uses (in this legal Encyclopedia) Bibliographies of English Law History Maxwell, William H. A Legal Bibliography of the British [...]

Categories: Criminal law, N, and su1. Tags: Clinical Negligence, Criminal Law Principles, Legal Practice Terms, NE, Professional Negligence, and Real Estate.



Neif

English Old Law: Neif in the Past A woman who was born a villain or a bond woman. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about neif is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a list of terms of the Bouvier´s [...]

Categories: Commercial Law, Criminal law, N, and su1. Tags: NE and Short Read.



Neil Kinnock

Neil Kinnock in the History Neil Kinnock became the leader of the Labour Party and thus the opposition in 1983 and remained its leader until his second unsuccessful election campaign in 1992 giving him the unenviable title of the longest ever leader of the party of opposition. Kinnock saw off [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NE, and Short Read.



Neville Chamberlain

Neville Chamberlain History Conservative Prime Minister 1937-1940 and advocate of appeasement. He negotiated the September 1938 Munich Agreement with Hitler over the Sudetenland and Czechoslovakia, claiming 'peace in our time'. When Hitler disregarded the agreement, he pledged military [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, NE, and Short Read.



New Model Unions

New Model Unions History New Model Unions were a variety of Trade Unions prominent in the UK in the 1850s and 1860s. They were single craft unions considered to be more respectable because they were for skilled workers who were aware of their scarcity value. They tended to avoid strike action.

Categories: N and su1. Tags: British History, NE, and Short Read.



New Principles Unknown in 1834

New Principles Unknown in 1834 and the Principles of 1907 In this issue about new principles unknown in 1834, the book English Poor Law Policy [1] reads as follows: In the policy of the Central Authority, as we find it in 1907 in the statutes, orders and circulars in force, there are [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Long Read, NE, and Poor Laws.



Niall Macpherson

Niall Macpherson History Scottish Tory politician and MP from 1945-1963. As Minister of Pensions and National Insurance 1962 he had to grapple with the conundrum of rising welfare costs and falling government income. On retirement from the Commons he was created Baron Drumalbyn.

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, NI, and Short Read.



Nicholas Kaldor

Nicholas Kaldor History Economist who developed a famous model for welfare comparisons in 1939. He is most famous for advising Labour governments in the 1960s and was influential in the development of VAT. Became Professor of Economics at Cambridge in 1966. Most well-known book is 'The [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Biographies, British History, NI, and Short Read.



Nief

English Old Law: Nief in the Past A woman born in vassalage. In Latin she was called Nativa. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about nief is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a list of terms of the [...]

Categories: Commercial Law, Criminal law, N, and su1. Tags: NI and Short Read.



Nod

Nodding through (on the Nod) Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament Nodding through - or decisions made on the nod - are decisions that are made in Parliament with no debate or division (vote). The Chair simply reads out the question to be decided and takes an oral vote. If there are no [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Legislative Law, NO, and Short Read.



Nominal Capital

Definition of Nominal Capital In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Nominal Capital : (authorized capital, nominal capital) The total value of the shares that a registered company is authorized to issue in order to raise capital. The authorized capital of a [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NO.



Nominee

Financial restructuring Refine your research by picking one of the below sections, including the Small company moratorium. Small company moratorium Responsibility of the nominee Find under this subsection information about Responsibility of the nominee in relation to Small company moratorium.

Categories: Business Law, N, and su1. Tags: Company Reconstructions, NO, and Short Read.



Non Departmental Public Bodies

Resources See Also Further Reading Non Departmental Public Bodies in the Encyclopedia of Britain Non Departmental Public Bodies in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary Non Departmental Public Bodies in the Halsbury's Laws of England Non Departmental Public Bodies in the Stroud's [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NO.



Non Est Factum (suum)

Non est factum (suum) in Legal Latin Meaning of the latin term Non est factum (suum) from the University of Kent: 'It is not my deed' - A plea that an agreement mentioned in the statement of case was not the act of defendant. It may be applicable where the person signing a document had no real [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Legal Latin Words, NO, and Short Read.



Non Royal Courts

Non Royal Courts and Medieval Law Non Royal Courts and Legal History Bibliographies of English Law History Maxwell, William H. A Legal Bibliography of the British Commonwealth of Nations. Volume 1: English Law to 1800. London: Sweet and Maxwell, 1955- Beale, Joseph H. A Bibliography of Early [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Legal history, Medieval Case Law, Medieval Courts, Medieval Law, Medieval Legal Documents, Medieval Legal Materials, NO, Non Royal Courts, and Short Read.



Non-Cooperation

Non-Cooperation in relation to the Technology and Construction Court [rtbs name="technology-and-construction-court"] Generally At the end of the trial, there may be costs arguments on the basis that one or more parties unreasonably refused to take part in Alternative Dispute Resolution. The [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NO.



Non-fatal Offences

Non-fatal Offences against the person Wounding and inflicting grievous bodily harm: Actus reus In Golding [2014] EWCA Crim 889, where the context was that one person had infected another person with genital herpes, the Court of Appeal held that this person’s evidence as to her painful [...]

Categories: Criminal law, N, and su1. Tags: Crimes, NO, and Short Read.



Non-intercourse

Summary of Non-Intercourse Act, 1809 In relation to the legal history of the United States and the United Kingdom: Replaced the Embargo of 1807. Unlike the Embargo, which forbade American trade with all foreign nations, this act only forbade trade with France and Britain. It did not succeed in [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Legal history, NO, Short Read, and Treaties.



Norman Law

Norman French Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament Norman French is a language used in Parliament in some of the formal exchanges between the two Houses during a Bill's passage through Parliament. It is also used at Royal Assent. This is because these procedures have barely changed since [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: Legislative Law, Long Read, and NO.



North America

Resources See Also Further Reading North America in the Encyclopedia of Britain North America in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary North America in the Halsbury's Laws of England North America in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases North America in the [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NO and Short Read.



Northern Ireland Assembly

Resources See Also Further Reading Northern Ireland Assembly in the Encyclopedia of Britain Northern Ireland Assembly in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary Northern Ireland Assembly in the Halsbury's Laws of England Northern Ireland Assembly in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NO and Short Read.



Northern Ireland Land Law Milestone Cases

AG Securities Ltd v Vaughan (BAILII: [1988] UKHL 8 ) [1988] 3 All ER 1058, [1990] 1 AC 417 Archangel v London Borough of Lambeth (BAILII: [2000] EWCA Civ 303 ) [2002] 1 P & CR 18, [2000] EGCS 148, (2001) 33 HLR 44 Barton v Morris [1985] 2 All ER 1032 Billson v Residential [...]

Categories: Cases, N, Northern Ireland, Real Property law, and su1. Tags: Land law, NO, and Northern Ireland.



Northern Ireland Legal System Milestone Cases

A & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department (BAILII: [2004] UKHL 56 ) [2005] 2 AC 68, [2005] 2 WLR 87  A & Ors, R (on the application of) v Lord Saville of Newdigate & Ors (BAILII: [1999] EWCA Civ 3012 ) [2000] 1 WLR 1855, [1999] 4 All ER 860  A [...]

Categories: Cases, N, Northern Ireland, and su1. Tags: Courts, Legal Systems, Long Read, NO, and Northern Ireland Legal System.



Northern Ireland Valuation Tribunal

Northern Ireland Valuation Tribunal (NIVT) in North Ireland The NIVT is responsible for determining appeals from the Commissioner of Valuation for NI, in respect of domestic rates and other rating appeals, including those relating to disability, education and lone pensioner rating relief. [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NO, North Ireland, and Short Read.



Not guilty

Not guilty/not proven Meaning Not guilty in Scottish Law Verdicts that mean there was not enough evidence to prove the case beyond reasonable doubt, or there were other special reasons for not finding the accused guilty. Both verdicts mean the accused will be free to leave the court and cannot [...]

Categories: N and su1. Tags: NO, Scotland , and Short Read.