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Thematic Index

 

Entries Categorized: Political Science (69)

 

 

Below you'll find a list of all entries that have been categorized as Political Science

 

 

Act of Parliament

Act of Parliament in the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser Based on the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser , by W.S.M. Knight, Barrister –at – Law. Act of parliament is the term applied to an act, wherein the three constituent parts of the sovereign power in this realm, king, [...]

Categories: A, Constitutional Law, Political Science, and su1. Tags: AC, Featured, Legislation, and Parliament.



Ballot

Ballot Meaning in Politics Description of Ballot published by Mona Chalabi: This piece of paper contains information only about the electoral district where voters are registered. Voters put a cross next to their preferred local candidate, most of whom represent a political party. The [...]

Categories: B, Political Science, and su1. Tags: BA and Electoral Law.



By-election

By-election Meaning in Politics Description of By-election published by Mona Chalabi: When a seat in Parliament becomes vacant between general elections (often because the incumbent has either resigned, defected to another party or died), a by-election is held. There have been 21 by-elections [...]

Categories: B, Political Science, and su1. Tags: BY and Short Read.



Change of Power

Change of Power in the English System History One of the most difficult problems of government is how to provide for the devolution of political power, and perhaps no other question is so generally and justly applied as the test of a working constitution. If the transmission works smoothly, [...]

Categories: Political Science and su1. Tags: Featured and Government.



Charles II

Charles II, 1660-1685, was a king of England. The experiment in Puritan republicanism had resulted only in convincing the majority of the people that the government is, and ought to be, by King, Lords, and Commons. The people merely asked for some assurances against despotism,—and when a [...]

Categories: Biography, Political Science, and su1. Tags: History.



Coalition

Coalition Meaning in Politics Description of Coalition published by Mona Chalabi: A government formed of more than one party. After the Conservatives failed to gain enough seats on May 6, 2010, to form a government on their own, they formed a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats on [...]

Categories: C, Political Science, and su1. Tags: CO and Short Read.



Conservatism

Conservatism The conservative Party in Britain British conservative doctrine and the Conservative Party that evolved after the mid-19th century remained attached to parliamentary and constitutional democracy. Gradual extension of the franchise, social legislation, and better cooperation [...]

Categories: C, Political Science, and su1. Tags: CO.



Conservative Party

Conservative Party (Britain), oldest political party in the United Kingdom. The Conservative Party evolved as the successor to the Tory Party in the 1830s. It is known in full as the Conservative and Unionist Party. The party's tenets of conservatism include the continuance of monarchical [...]

Categories: C, Political Science, and su1. Tags: CO and Short Read.



Conservative Party History

The forebears of Conservatives were the Cavaliers of the 17th century and the Tories of the 18th and 19th centuries. The Conservative Party was formed from various conservative associations established throughout England following the Reform Bill of 1832. This bill granted more parliamentary [...]

Categories: C, Political Science, and su1. Tags: CO.



Conservatives

Conservatives Meaning in Politics Description of Conservatives published by Mona Chalabi: Although it can trace its roots back to the 17th century (making it the oldest political party in Europe), the modern Conservative Party was founded in 1834 and is one of Britain's two largest [...]

Categories: C, Political Science, and su1. Tags: CO.



Constituency

Definition of Constituency In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Constituency : An area of the UK for which a representative is elected to membership of the *House of Commons or the *European Parliament. See also boundary commissions. Constituency Meaning in [...]

Categories: C, Political Science, and su1. Tags: CO.



Democratic Unionist Party

Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) Meaning in Politics Description of Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) published by Mona Chalabi: Founded in 1971, the DUP is the largest party in Northern Ireland and currently the fourth-largest party in the House of Commons, with eight seats. The party was [...]

Categories: D, Political Science, and su1. Tags: DE and Short Read.



Downing Street

Introduction to Downing Street Downing Street, street in central London, England, near the British Parliament. It is named in honor of Sir George Downing, secretary of the treasury in 1667. Number 10 Downing Street has been the official residence of British prime ministers since Sir Robert [...]

Categories: D, Political Science, and su1. Tags: DO.



Edward Cardwell

Viscount Edward Cardwell (1813-1886), English statesman, was the son of a merchant of Liverpool, where he was born on the 24th of July 1813. After a brilliant career at Oxford, where he gained a double first-class, he entered parliament as member for Clitheroe in 1842, and in 1845 was made [...]

Categories: Biography, Political Science, and su1.



First Past the Post

First past the post Meaning in Politics Description of First past the post published by Mona Chalabi: This is just another way of describing our winner-takes-all voting system, in which the candidate with the most votes takes the seat. In the United Kingdom, as in other places that use [...]

Categories: F, Political Science, and su1. Tags: FI and Short Read.



General Election

General election Meaning in Politics Description of General election published by Mona Chalabi: This is when members of the United Kingdom electorate decide who will represent them in Parliament. Since the Fixed-term Parliaments Act was passed in 2011, each parliament serves a fixed term. That [...]

Categories: G, Political Science, and su1. Tags: GE and Short Read.



Grand Coalition

Grand coalition Meaning in Politics Description of Grand coalition published by Mona Chalabi: A coalition between the two largest, ideologically opposed political parties in a country. It recently happened in Germany, but in the United Kingdom, an alliance between Labour and the Conservatives [...]

Categories: G, Political Science, and su1. Tags: GR and Short Read.



House of Lords

Resources See Also Further Reading House of Lords in the Encyclopedia of Britain House of Lords in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary House of Lords in the Halsbury's Laws of England House of Lords in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases House of Lords in the [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, H, Northern Ireland, Political Science, Scotland, and su1. Tags: British History, Courts, HO, and Legal Practice Terms.



Labour

Labour Meaning in Politics Description of Labour published by Mona Chalabi: The British Labour Party can trace its origins to 1893, when a Scottish miner who was also an MP set up a socialist society known as the Independent Labour Party. Its logo was red right from the start — influenced [...]

Categories: L, Political Science, and su1. Tags: LA and Short Read.



Liberal Democrats

Liberal Democrats Meaning in Politics Description of Liberal Democrats published by Mona Chalabi: This party was born after the Liberal Party (founded in 1859) and the Social Democratic Party (founded in 1981) formally merged in 1988. Traditionally perceived as Britain's centrist party, [...]

Categories: L, Political Science, and su1. Tags: LI and Short Read.



Majority Government

Majority government Meaning in Politics Description of Majority government published by Mona Chalabi: When a government is formed by a party that has an absolute majority of seats in the House of Commons — at the moment, that requires 326 seats. (The current coalition between the [...]

Categories: M, Political Science, and su1. Tags: MA and Short Read.



Marginal Seats

Marginal seats Meaning in Politics Description of Marginal seats published by Mona Chalabi: The battleground of a political election are the so-called marginal seats. These are the places where only a few percentage points stand between the front-runners and their competition, so the seat [...]

Categories: M, Political Science, and su1. Tags: MA and Short Read.



Member of Parliament

Member of Parliament (MP) Meaning in Politics Description of Member of Parliament (MP) published by Mona Chalabi: MPs sit in the House of Commons, where they propose and consider new laws, speak up about issues and can ask government ministers questions. There are 650 MPs in total, one for [...]

Categories: M, Political Science, and su1. Tags: ME and Short Read.



Michael Ashcroft

Michael Ashcroft Meaning in Politics Description of Michael Ashcroft published by Mona Chalabi: A major British pollster — and it's actually Lord Ashcroft, thank you very much (don't worry, I explain what a lord is farther down). There's very little regional polling data in [...]

Categories: M, Political Science, and su1. Tags: MI and Short Read.



Minister

Minister Meaning in Politics Description of Minister published by Mona Chalabi: The government is made up of 121 ministers who either come from the House of Commons or the House of Lords. Most are in charge of a specific government department — for example, the minister in charge of the [...]

Categories: M, Political Science, and su1. Tags: MI.



Political Cabinet

Among English political institutions, the Cabinet is a conventional but not a legal term employed to describe those members of the privy council who fill the highest executive offices in the state, and by their concerted policy direct the government, and are responsible for all the acts of [...]

Categories: Political Science and su1.



Prime Minister

Prime minister Meaning in Politics Description of Prime minister published by Mona Chalabi: The leader of the country, the leader of the government and, typically, the leader of the party that has won the most seats in the election. Prime Minister Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament The [...]

Categories: P, Political Science, and su1. Tags: History, Legislative Law, and PR.



Robert Lowe

Life and Work From the book Studies in Contemporary Biography, by James Bryce: Had Robert Lowe died in 1868, when he became a Cabinet Minister, his death would have been a political event of the first magnitude; but when he died in 1892 (in his eighty-second year) hardly anybody under [...]

Categories: Biography, Political Science, and su1.



Scottish National Party

Scottish National Party (SNP) Meaning in Politics Description of Scottish National Party (SNP) published by Mona Chalabi: Formed in 1934 out of a formal merger between the National Party of Scotland (formed in 1928) and the Scottish Party (formed in 1932), the SNP was initially plagued by [...]

Categories: Political Science, S, and su1. Tags: SC.



Swing

Uniform national swing Meaning in Politics Description of Uniform national swing published by Mona Chalabi: This is a type of calculation that has been used for decades to predict how a party's share of the national vote will translate into the number of seats it will have in the House of [...]

Categories: Political Science, S, and su1. Tags: Short Read and SW.



Thursday

Thursday Meaning in Politics Description of Thursday published by Mona Chalabi: Since 1935, national elections have taken place on Thursdays. Up until 2011, that was just a matter of convention, rather than law. One theoryclaims the tradition began because people used to be paid on Fridays, so [...]

Categories: Political Science, su1, and T. Tags: Short Read and TH.



Tories

Tories Meaning in Politics Description of Tories published by Mona Chalabi: These days, the Conservatives are often referred to as the Tories (it's a nickname that's neither affectionate nor insulting), but technically speaking, the Tories were dissolved in the 1830s and succeeded by [...]

Categories: Political Science, su1, and T. Tags: Short Read and TO.



UKIP

UKIP Meaning in Politics Description of UKIP published by Mona Chalabi: Founded in 1993, the United Kingdom Independence Party is the most right-wing party to have seats in Parliament. The party has gained support from an increasingly Euroskeptic British electorate largely by campaigning on a [...]

Categories: Political Science, su1, and U. Tags: Short Read and UK.



Vote of Confidence

Vote of confidence Meaning in Politics Description of Vote of confidence published by Mona Chalabi: Votes of confidence in a government's ability to govern are pretty rare, but it's quite possible that another one would happen after this election, especially if there's a minority [...]

Categories: Political Science, su1, and V. Tags: Short Read and VO.



Westminster

Westminster Meaning in Politics Description of Westminster published by Mona Chalabi: A shorthand term that refers to British government and/or Parliament, used because both can be found in the Palace of Westminster. When you hear people refer to Westminster, it has much the same connotation [...]

Categories: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, Political Science, su1, and W. Tags: WE.



Whip

Whip Meaning in Politics Description of Whip published by Mona Chalabi: A strange, though not wholly irrelevant word, that's used to describe the individuals who are responsible for maintaining party discipline. Whips, who are either MPs or members of the House of Lords, are appointed to [...]

Categories: Political Science, su1, and W. Tags: WH.