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Gretna Green

Gretna Green “Village just over the border into Scotland which benefited -in accordance to Bamber Gascoigne´ Encyclopedia of Britain about “Gretna Green”– greatly from the Marriage Act of 1753, prohibiting in England ‘clandestine’ marriages – meaning those solemnized outside authorized Christian places of worship. Also known as Fleet marriages, such ceremonies had traditionally been conducted by clergy who were in the Fleet prison for debt. It was this abuse which was now stopped. Scottish law required only a declaration in front of witnesses, and the blacksmith’s anvil at Gretna Green became the fashionable location for runaway couples. From 1856 a new law required one of the pair to live in Scotland for three weeks, and in 1940 these marriages were declared illegal. But the anvil is still there and is still a powerful centre of attraction.”

Ready, Able and Willing

Ready, Able and Willing or Ready, Willing and Able According to the Encyclopedia of Real Estate Terms: “An expression used to describe a prospective purchaser who is in a position to sign a binding contract; one who is prepared, legally capable and financially able to purchase a property. An agent or broker’s commission may be made payable upon condition that he procures a purchaser who is ‘ready, able and willing’ to execute an unconditional contract on terms specified by the seller. In such an instance, as a rule, if the agent fulfils that condition, even if the seller refuses to conclude the sale or withdraws the property, he has earned his commission. Also, as a rule, if nothing is expressed to the contrary as to an agent’s obligation, he is entitled to a commission when a purchaser has been procured who is ‘ready, able and willing’ to purchase the listed property on the seller’s terms. The expression ‘ready, able and willing’ or ‘ready, willing and able’ has been adopted and thoroughly reviewed in English and American case law leading to almost identical interpretations (Christie Owen & Davies Ltd v Rapacioli [1974] QB 781, [1974] 2 All ER 311 (CA); McGavock […]

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Health and Safety Regulations

Health and Safety Regulations List of Health and Safety Regulations by date Miscellaneous Mines (General) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/1778)  ( 1956 ) Stratified Ironstone, Shale and Fireclay Mines (Explosives) Regulations 1956 (S.I. 1956/1943)  ( 1956 ) Coal and Other Mines (Fire and Rescue) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/1768)  ( 1956 ) Coal and Other Mines (General Duties and Conduct) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/1761)  ( 1956 ) Coal and Other Mines (Horses) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/1777)  ( 1956 ) Coal and Other Mines (Locomotives) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/1771)  ( 1956 ) Coal and Other Mines (Safety Lamps and Lighting) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/1765)  ( 1956 ) Coal and Other Mines (Sanitary Conveniences) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/1776)  ( 1956 ) Coal and Other Mines (Sidings) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/1773)  ( 1956 ) Coal and Other Mines (Ventilation) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/1764)  ( 1956 ) Coal Mines (Cardrox and Hydrox) Regulations 1956 (S.I. 1956/1942)  ( 1956 ) Coal Mines (Precautions against Inflammable Dust) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/1769)  ( 1956 ) Mines (Manner of Search for Smoking Materials) Order 1956 (S.I. 1956/2016)  ( 1956 ) Coal Mines (Clearances in Transport Roads) Regulations 1959 (S.I. 1959/1217)  ( 1959 ) Miscellaneous Mines (Explosives) Regulations 1959 (S.I. 1959/2258)  […]

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Administrative Regulations

Administrative Regulations In line with the recommendation in the Löfstedt Report, it is advisable to distinguish between regulations that impose specific duties on businesses (“substantive regulations”) and those that define administrative requirements or revoke/amend earlier regulations (“administrative regulations”). “Substantive Regulations” identifies the main regulations that create positive health and safety duties on business. Health and Safety Administrative Regulations Work at Height (Amendment) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/114) Management of Health and Safety at Work and Fire Precautions (Workplace) (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2457) Mines and Quarries (Metrication) Regulations 1976 (S.I. 1976/2063) Mines and Quarries Acts 1954 to 1971 (Repeals and Modifications) Regulations 1975 (S.I. 1975/1102) Miscellaneous Mines (Metrication) Regulations 1983 (S.I. 1983/994) Offshore Safety (Repeals and Modifications) Regulations 1993 (S.I. 1993/1823) Pipelines Safety (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2563) Radiation (Emergency Preparedness and Public Information) Regulations 2001 (S.I. 2001/2975) Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013 (Health and Safety) (Consequential Amendments) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1666) Health and Safety (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Metrication etc) Regulations 1992 (S.I. 1992/1811) Health and Safety (Miscellaneous Repeals and Revocations) Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/486) Health and Safety (Miscellaneous Revocations and Amendments) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1512) Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (Civil Liability) (Exceptions) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1667) […]

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Substantive Regulations

Substantive Regulations In line with the recommendation in the Löfstedt Report, it is advisable to distinguish between regulations that impose specific duties on businesses (“substantive regulations”) and those that define administrative requirements or revoke/amend earlier regulations (“administrative regulations”). “Substantive Regulations” identifies the main regulations that create positive health and safety duties on business. Health and Safety Substantive Regulations Adventure Activities Licensing Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/1309)  Agriculture (Tractor Cabs) Regulations 1974 (S.I. 1974/2034)  Prevention of Accidents to Children in Agriculture Regulations 1998 (S.I. 1998/3262)  Control of Asbestos Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/632)  Biocidal Products Regulations 2001 (S.I. 2001/880)  Biocidal Products (Amendment) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/2451)  Biocidal Products (Amendment) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/293)  Biocidal Products (Amendment) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/745)  Chemicals (Hazard Information and packaging for supply) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/716) Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1999 (S.I. 1999/743)  Heavy Fuel Oil (Amendment) Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/162)  Work in Compressed Air Regulations 1996 (S.I. 1996/1656)  Confined Spaces Regulations 1997 (S.I. 1997/1713)  Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/51)  Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (S.I. 2002/2677)  Dangerous Substances (Notification and Marking of Sites) Regulations 1990 (S.I. 1990/304)  Dangerous Substances in Harbour Areas Regulations 1987 (S.I. 1987/37)  Dangerous Substances and […]

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List of Laboratory Animal Cases

List of Laboratory Animal Cases Air India v Wiggins [1980] 2 All ER 593 Benjamin v Storr (1874) LR 9 CP 400 Blyth v Birmingham Waterworks Co (1856) 11 Ex 781 Bonnington Castings Ltd v Wardlow (1956) All ER 615 British Airways Board v Wiggins (1977) 2 All ER 1068 British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection v Royal College of Surgeons (1985) Unreported 5, 114 Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562 Farrer v Nelson (1885) 15 QBD 258; 52 LT 766 ‘It’s a Dog’s Life’ case (1997) APC Report, 1997 Jaundrill v Gillett (1996) The Times, 16 January 1996 Leeman v Montague (1936) 2 All ER 1677 Lord Advocate v Bairden (1998) The Herald, 15 July 1998 McQuaker v Goddard [1940] 1 All ER 471 R v Arbrath (1876) BMJ 1876 (ii) 545 Rowley v Murphy (1964) 1 All ER 50 RSPCA v Yorke (1913) The Times, 29 May 1914 Rylands v Fletcher (1866) LR 3 HL 330 Victoria Street Society v Ferrier (1881) BMJ 1881 836–842 Weller and Co v Foot and Mouth Disease Research Institute [1965] 3 All ER 560 Wrongful Supply of Rabbits 1991 APC Report 1991 Resources See Also List of Laboratory Animal Legislation Animal […]

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List of Laboratory Animal Legislation

List of Laboratory Animal Law: Legal Control of the Use of Animals in Research Some early Acts (for example, the Cruelty to Animals Act 1876) are relevant to laboratory animal law but are no longer applicable, having been repealed. Some legislation dealing with animals, such as the Performing Animal (Regulation) Act 1925, are hardly relevant to the law on laboratory animals. The Breeding and Sale of Dogs (Welfare) Act 1999 for example, is concerned with the pet trade so does not apply to Designated Establishments. List of Statutes Animals Act 1971 Animal Health Act 1981 Animal Health Act 2002 Animal Health and Welfare Act 1984 Animal Welfare Act 2006 Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 Agriculture (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1968 and 1972 Bees Act 1980 Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 (Extended in 2003) Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 Cruelty to Animals Act 1835, 1849, 1876 Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976 Data Protection Act 1998 Diseases of Animals Act 1950 Diseases of Fish Act 1983 Docking and Nicking of Horses Act 1949 Endangered Species (Import and Export) Act 1976 Environmental Protection Act 1990 Farriers (Registrations) Acts 1975 and 1977 Firearms Act 1968 Freedom of Information Act 2000 […]

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Localism Act 2011

Localism Act 2011 From the Encyclopedia of Real Estate Terms: “This lengthy statute covers issues related to: a “list of asset of community value” (‘community assets’) that must be maintained by a local authority (such as local parks, village shops and public houses that are considered important to community), ss. 87–108; changes to the Community Infrastructure Levy to prevent it being imposed “in a way that does not make development of the area economically unviable”, Planning Act 2008, s. 205 (as amended by the Localism Act 2011, s. 115); changes to strengthen the procedures in respect of an enforcement order, ss. 123–127; as the name implies, creating new forms of Neighbourhood Planning, Par t6, Ch. 3; introducing a requirement for “consultation before applying for planning permission” for certain forms of development, Part 6, Ch. 4; modification of the rules in relation to planning permission that is to be taken into account when assessingcompensation for compulsory purchase (especially allowing for account to be taken of the prospect of obtainng planning permission and when the grant of a certificate of appropriate alternative development); improving protection of deposits paid to a landlord within the provisions of the Tenancy Deposit Scheme.” Resources See Also Certificate of Appropriate Alternative Development Community Assets Community […]

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Scottish Property Legislation

Scottish Property Legislation List of Scottish Property Legislation Legislation about Abolition of Feudal Tenures etc. (Scotland) Act 2000: Abolition of Feudal Tenures etc. (Scotland) Act 2000 Legislation about Abolition of Feudal Tenures etc. (Scotland) Act 2000: Abolition of Feudal Tenures etc. (Scotland) Act 2000 Legislation about Abolition of Feudal Tenures etc. (Scotland) Act 2000, s. 2: Abolition of Feudal Tenures etc. (Scotland) Act 2000, s. 2 Legislation about Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act 1991: Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act 1991 Legislation about Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act 1991: Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act 1991 Legislation about Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act 2005, s. 25: Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act 2005, s. 25 Legislation about Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act 2005, s. 25: Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act 2005, s. 25 Legislation about Business Improvement Districts (Scotland) Regulations 2004 (SSI 2004/202): Business Improvement Districts (Scotland) Regulations 2004 (SSI 2004/202) Legislation about Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003, Part 2: Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003, Part 2 Legislation about Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Scotland Act 1985: Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Scotland Act 1985 Legislation about Rent (Scotland) Act 1971, s. 42(2): Rent (Scotland) Act 1971, s. 42(2) Legislation about Tenements (Scotland) Act 2004, s. 26: Tenements (Scotland) Act 2004, s. 26 […]