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Thematic Index

 

Entries Categorized: B (258)

 

| BA | BB | BE | BI | BL | BO | BR | BU | BY |

 

Below you'll find a list of all entries that have been categorized as B

 

 

B R

Meaning of B r The following is an old definition of B r [1]: Bancus regis, king's bench; bankruptcy reports; Bill of Rights. Resources Notes and References Concept of B r provided by the Anderson Dictionary of Law (1889) (Dictionary of Law consisting of Judicial Definitions and Explanations [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BR and Short Read.



Backbench

Backbench (backbenchers) Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament Backbenchers are Members of the Parliament or members of the House of Lords that are neither government ministers nor opposition Shadow spokespeople . They are so called because, in the Chamber, they sit in the rows of benches [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Legislative Law, and Short Read.



Backbenches

History of the Backbenches The following commentary about Backbenches in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Those seats in the House of Commons occupied by ordinary members of Parliament who do not hold ministerial office within the Government or are not [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, History, and Short Read.



Backed for Bail

Definition of Backed For Bail In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Backed For Bail : Describing a warrant for arrest issued by a magistrate or by the Crown Court to a police officer, directing him to release the accused, upon arrest, on bail under specified [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Bacs

Bacs Service The Bankers Automated Clearings System (Bacs) is a service owned by Bacs Payment Schemes Limited and operated by Voca Limited enabling companies to make payments and debits within the UK. In other words, the Bacs service is a computer system which sorts automated payment [...]

Categories: B, Business Law, Commercial Law, Finance Law, International Law, and su1. Tags: BA, Banking Law, Consumer Law, Cyber Law, and Internet.



Bag

Meaning of Bag The following is an old definition of Bag [1]: The sack, satchel, reticule or other like receptacle in which lawyers carry briefs and papers for use during the preparation, trial, hearing, or argument of cases, was formerly called, from the prevailing color of the material, the [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA.



Bail

Definition of Bail This term refers to the practice of releasing a defendant (or accused) from custody until their next appearance in court. In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bail : The release by the police, magistrates' court, or Crown Court of a [...]

Categories: B, Procedure Law, and su1. Tags: BA, Legal Practice Terms, and Scotland.



Bail Hostel

Definition of Bail Hostel In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bail Hostel : Accommodation for persons of no fixed address who have been released on bail.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Bailie

In Scotland the word bailiff has taken the form of bailie, signifying a superior officer or magistrate of a municipal corporation. Bailies, by virtue of their office, are invested with certain judicial and administrative powers within the burgh for which they are appointed. They sit as [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, Procedure Law, and su1. Tags: BA, Law Enforcement, and Scotland.



Bailiwick

Definition of Bailiwick In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bailiwick : The area within which a *bailiff or *sheriff exercises jurisdictio

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Bailment

Definition of Bailment (from Fr. bailler, to place in charge of, cf. Bail) In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bailment : The transfer of the possession of goods by the owner (the bailor) to another (the bailee) for a particular purpose. Examples of [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Property.



Bair-man

Scottish Law: Bair-man in the Past A poor insolvent debtor left bare. [1][rtbs name="scottish-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about bair-man is based on the Bouvier´s Law Dictionary, 1848 edition. There is a list of terms of the Bouvier´s Law [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Bairn's Part

Scottish Law: Bairn's Part in the Past Children's part a third part of the defunct's free movables, debts deducted, if the wife survive and a half if there be no relict. [1][rtbs name="scottish-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about bairn's part is [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Balance Sheet

Definition of Balance Sheet In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Balance Sheet : A document presenting in summary form a true and fair view of a company's financial position at a particular time (e.g. at the end of its financial year). It must show the [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Financial Law, and Mortgages.



Ballistic Missile Defence

Resources See Also Further Reading Ballistic Missile Defence in the Encyclopedia of Britain Ballistic Missile Defence in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary Ballistic Missile Defence in the Halsbury's Laws of England Ballistic Missile Defence in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Ballot

Ballot Meaning in Politics Description of Ballot published by Mona Chalabi: This piece of paper contains information only about the electoral district where voters are registered. Voters put a cross next to their preferred local candidate, most of whom represent a political party. The [...]

Categories: B, Political Science, and su1. Tags: BA and Electoral Law.



Ballot Bills

Ballot Bills Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament Ballot Bills are a type of Private Members' Bill used only in the House of Commons. At the start of each new parliamentary year, all backbench Members of the Parliament are invited to enter a ballot. The few Members of the Parliament who [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Legislative Law, and Short Read.



Bank Holidays

Definition of Bank Holidays In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bank Holidays : Days that are declared holidays for the clearing banks and are kept as public holidays under the Banking and Financial Dealing Act 1971 or by royal proclamation under this [...]

Categories: B, Business Law, and su1. Tags: BA.



Bankruptcy

Definition of Bankruptcy In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bankruptcy : The state of a person who has been adjudged by a court to be insolvent (Compare winding-up). The court orders the compulsory administration of a bankrupt's affairs so that his [...]

Categories: B, Bankruptcy, Business Law, Estate Planning, Finance Law, and su1. Tags: BA, Banking, Banking Law, Bankruptcy, Finance, Financial Law, Insolvencies, Insolvency Law, Long Read, and Partnership Dissolution.



Bankruptcy notice

Bankruptcy notice in the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser Based on the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser , by W.S.M. Knight, Barrister –at – Law. This process, by way of Bankruptcy Notice, is the most common foundation of bankruptcy proceedings. The following are some points for [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: BA.



Bankruptcy Order

Definition of Bankruptcy Order In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bankruptcy Order : A court order that makes a debtor bankrupt. When the order is made, ownership of all the debtor's property is transferred either to a court officer known as the [...]

Categories: B, Bankruptcy, and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Bankruptcy Petition

Definition of Bankruptcy Petition In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bankruptcy Petition : An application to the High Court or a county court for a *bankruptcy order to be made against an insolvent debtor. See bankruptcy.

Categories: B, Bankruptcy, and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Banns

Definition of Banns In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Banns : The public announcement in church of an intended marriage. Banns must be published for three successive Sundays if a marriage is to take place in the Church of England other than by religious [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Bar

The Bar Definition of Bar In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bar : 1. A legal impediment. 2. An imaginary barrier in a court of law. Only Queen's Counsel, officers of the court, and litigants in person are allowed between the bar and the *bench [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Law Practice, Legislation, Procedures, and su1. Tags: BA, Legal Practice Terms, North Ireland, and Solicitor.



Bar Council of Northern Ireland

Bar Council of Northern Ireland in North Ireland This is the professional body representing barristers in Northern Ireland. It is located at 91 Chichester Street, Belfast. Among other things it seeks to maintain the honour and independence of the Bar as part of the legal system.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, North Ireland, and Short Read.



Bar Fee

English Law: Bar Fee in the Past A fee taken time out of mind by the sheriff (see law enforcement in the U.K. encyclopedia) for every prisoner who is acquitted. Bac. Ab. Extortion. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Bar of the House

Bar of the House Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament The Bar of the House marks the boundary of the Chamber beyond which guests and visitors may not pass when either House is at work. In the House of Commons the Bar of the House is represented now by a white line on the floor across the [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Legislative Law, and Short Read.



Bar officer

Bar officer (in the sheriff court) Meaning Bar officer in Scottish Law A person who helps the judge and looks after people in court, for example, calling each witness into the courtroom and showing witnesses pieces of evidence. Also known as court officer.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Scotland , and Short Read.



Bar Standards Board

Resources See Also Further Reading Bar Standards Board in the Encyclopedia of Britain Bar Standards Board in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary Bar Standards Board in the Halsbury's Laws of England Bar Standards Board in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases Bar [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Barbara Castle

Barbara Castle History Left-wing Labour MP. She was the only female member of Harold Wilson's first Cabinet. As Transport Minister she introduced the breathalyser. Her white paper 'In Place of Strife' attempted to ease industrial relations, but failed due to union pressure. [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Biographies, British History, and Short Read.



Bare Licensee

Definition of Bare Licensee In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bare Licensee : A person who uses or occupies land by permission of the owner but has no legal or equitable interest in it. Such permission is personal to him; thus he cannot transfer it. He [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, and su1. Tags: BA, Intellectual Property Law, Licensing Law, and Short Read.



Barebone`s Parliament

Barebone's Parliament, the Nominated Parliament summoned by the English soldier and statesman Oliver Cromwell, which met July 4, 1653. It was derisively nicknamed for one of the members, Praise-God Barbon or Barebone, a leather merchant. The assembly was made up of 140 members selected from [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA.



Baron

Baron Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament The British Peerage has five ranks or grades. Baron is the fifth and lowest of the ranks. Baron is a title that was created and first given to John Beauchamp de Holt in 1387. History This word, of uncertain origin, was introduced into England at [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: BA and Legislative Law.



Baroness

Baroness Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament A Baroness is a female member of the House of Lords, equivalent in rank to Baron. Resources See Also Baron Further Reading

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Legislative Law, and Short Read.



Barons Of Exchequer

English Law: Barons of Exchequer in the Past The name given to the five judges of the Exchequer formerly these were baros of the realm, but now they are chosen from people learned in the law. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Barratry

Definition of Barratry In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Barratry : 1. Any act committed wilfully by the master or crew of a ship to the detriment of its owner or charterer. Examples include scuttling the ship and embezzling the cargo. Illegal [...]

Categories: B, Maritime Law, and su1. Tags: BA.



Barrister

Definition of Barrister A lawyer who is entitled to represent clients in all of the courts. In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Barrister : A legal practitioner admitted to plead at the Bar. A barrister must be a member of one of the four Inns of [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Legal Practice, and su1. Tags: BA, Featured, Legal Practice Terms, Long Read, and North Ireland.



Barristers

Resources See Also Further Reading Barristers in the Encyclopedia of Britain Barristers in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary Barristers in the Halsbury's Laws of England Barristers in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases Barristers in the Jowitt's Dictionary [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Base Estate

English Law: Base Estate in the Past The estate which base tenants had in their lands. Base tenants were a degree above villeins, the latter being compelled to perform all the commands of their lords; the former did not hold their lands by the performance of such commands. See Kitch. 41. [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Base Fee

Base Fee, in law, a freehold estate of inheritance which is limited or qualified by the existence of certain conditions. In modern property law the commonest example of a base fee is an estate created by a tenant in tail, not in possession, who bars the entail without the consent of the [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BA and Property.



Base Rate

Concep of Base Rate in Procedural Law In this context, a short definition of Base Rate may be the following: The interest rate set by the Bank of England which is used as the basis for other banks' rates.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Procedural Law, and Short Read.



Baseline

Definition of Baseline In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Baseline : The line forming the boundary between the internal waters of a state on its landward side and the territorial sea on its seaward side (See territorial waters). Other coastal state zones [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Bastard Eigne

English Law: Bastard Eigne in the Past Elder bastard. By the old English law, when, a man had a bastard son and he afterwards married the mother and by her had a legitimate son, the first was called a bastard eigne, or, as it is now spelled, aine and the second son was called puisne or since [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



Battel

English Old Law: Battel in the Past In French, Bataille. An ancient and barbarous mode of trial, by Bingle combat, called wager of battel, where, in appeals of felony, the appellee might fight with the appellant to prove his innocence. It was also used in affairs of chivalry or honor and upon [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: BA.



Battered Child

Definition of Battered Child In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Battered Child : A child subjected to physical violence or abuse by a parent, step- parent, or any other person with whom he is living. A battered child may be protected if the other parent [...]

Categories: B, Family law, and su1. Tags: BA, Family Law, and Short Read.



Battered Spouse

Definition of Battered Spouse Or Cohabitant In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Battered Spouse Or Cohabitant : A person subjected to physical violence by their husband, wife, or cohabitant (subsequently referred to as partner in this entry). Battered [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA.



Battery

Definition of Battery In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Battery : The intentional or reckless application of physical force to someone without his consent. Battery is a form of *trespass to the person and is a *summary offence (punishable with a *fine at [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA, Legal Practice Terms, and Short Read.



Bay

Definition of Bay In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bay : A well-marked roughly semicircular indentation on a coastline. What does or does not constitute a bay can be of relevance in determining a state's control of its coastal waters. The test is a [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BA and Short Read.



BBC

The Six/Nine in the History Abbreviation that refers to the BBC six o'clock or nine o'clock news. Radio, television and the BBC: UK Legal History From information to mass entertainment Partly due to technological advances made during the First World War, radio became not only a means [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BB, British History, and History.



Beadle

English Law: Beadle in the Past A messenger or apparitor of a court, who cites people to appear to what is alleged against them, is so called. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about beadle is based on the Bouvier´s [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Bearer

Definition of Bearer In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bearer : The person in possession of a bill of exchange or promissory note that is payable to the bearer.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Beau Pleader

English Law: Beau Pleader in the Past Fair pleading (i.e. There is further information on this topic in this legal reference. The formal allegations by the parties of their respective claims and defenses). See Stultiloquium. Developments This is the name of a writ upon the statute of [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: BE.



Beauty Competition

Definition of Beauty Competition In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Beauty Competition : A method used by an employer contemplating entering a *single-union agreement, in which a number of unions are invited to present proposals for collective bargaining [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Beddoe Order

Definition of Beddoe Order In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Beddoe Order : (from the case re Beddoe (1892)) An order made by the court granting trustees permission to bring or defend an action. The order protects the trustees against claims by the [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Bedel

English Law: Bedel in the Past A cryer or messenger of a court, who cites men to appear and answer. There are also inferior officers of a parish or liberty who bear this name. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Before and After the Wolfenden Report

Before and after the Wolfenden Report: UK Legal History Homosexuality in the 1950s At the beginning of the 1950s, homosexual acts were still considered by law to be criminal offences. The number of convictions rose rapidly in the immediate post-war period as the Home Office pursued prosecution [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and History.



Bench

Definition of Bench In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bench : 1. Literally, the seat of a judge in court. The bench is usually in an elevated position at one side of the court room facing the seats of counsel and solicitors. 2. A group of judges or [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BE and North Ireland.



Bench Warrant

Definition of Bench Warrant In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bench Warrant : A warrant for the arrest of a person who has failed to attend court when summoned or subpoenaed to do so or against whom an order of committal for contempt of court has been [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Benchmarking

Benchmarking in North Ireland Benchmarking provides a snapshot of performance and helps you understand where you are in relation to a particular standard. It is based on a comparative methodology i.e. comparing one organisation's performance against another over a specific time frame.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE, North Ireland, and Short Read.



Beneficial Interest

Definition of Beneficial Interest In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Beneficial Interest : The rights of a beneficiary in respect of the property held in trust for him. See also equitable interests. Definition of Beneficial Interest The right of a party [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE, Legal Practice Terms, and Short Read.



Beneficial Owner

Definition of Beneficial Owner In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Beneficial Owner : An owner who is entitled to the possession and use of land or its income for his own benefit. Under the Law of Property Act 1925 a person who for valuable *consideration [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE.



Beneficiary

Definition of Beneficiary In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Beneficiary : 1. A person entitled to benefit from a *trust. The beneficiary holds a *beneficial interest in the property of which a *trustee holds the legal *interest. A beneficiary was [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE, Legal Practice Terms, and Short Read.



Benefit Of Clergy

English Law: Benefit of Clergy in the Past An exemption of the punishment of death which the laws impose on the commission of certain crimes, on the culprit demanding it. By modern statute's, benefit of clergy was rather a substitution of a more mild punishment for the punishment of death. [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, E, and su1. Tags: BE, EA, and ES.



Benefits Administration

Resources See Also Further Reading Benefits Administration in the Encyclopedia of Britain Benefits Administration in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary Benefits Administration in the Halsbury's Laws of England Benefits Administration in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Benefits Policy

Resources See Also Further Reading Benefits Policy in the Encyclopedia of Britain Benefits Policy in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary Benefits Policy in the Halsbury's Laws of England Benefits Policy in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases Benefits Policy in [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Benevolence

English Law: Benevolence in the Past An aid given by the subjects to the king under a pretended gratuity, but in realty it was an extortion and imposition. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and References Partialy, this information about benevolence is based [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Benevolent Purposes

Definition of Benevolent Purposes In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Benevolent Purposes : Purposes that are for the public good but not necessarily charitable. They are wider than *philanthropic purposes. See charitable trust.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Benjamin Order

Definition of Benjamin Order In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Benjamin Order : from the case re Benjamin (1902)) An order made by the court for the distribution of assets on death when it is uncertain whether or not a beneficiary is alive. The order [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Bequeath

Definition of Bequeath In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bequeath : To dispose by will of property other than land. Compare devise.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Bequest

Definition of Bequest In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bequest : A gift by will of property other than land. Compare devise. See legacy. Definition of Bequest A gift of personal property (i.e. Jewellery, money).

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE, Legal Practice Terms, and Short Read.



Bereavement Benefits

Resources See Also Further Reading Bereavement Benefits in the Encyclopedia of Britain Bereavement Benefits in the Osborn's Concise Law Dictionary Bereavement Benefits in the Halsbury's Laws of England Bereavement Benefits in the Stroud's Judicial Dictionary of Words and Phrases [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Best Value

Definition of Best Value In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Best Value : A requirement under the Local Government Act 1999 that *local authorities must have regard to economy, efficiency, and effectiveness when exercising their functions and must make [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Best-Evidence Rule

Definition of Best-Evidence Rule In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Best-Evidence Rule : A rule requiring that a party must call the best evidence that the nature of the case will allow. Formerly of central importance, in modern law it is largely confined [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Bestiality

Definition of Bestiality In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bestiality : Anal or vaginal intercourse by a man or a woman with an animal. Bestiality is a crime if penetration is proved. See also buggery.

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Betterment

Concept of Betterment Traditional meaning of betterment [1] in the English common law history: A permanent improvement or addition made to lands or houses by the occupant; something more than repairs. Beyond sea, beyond the four seas. Out of the kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Out of the [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Betterment Acts

Meaning of Betterment Acts The following is an old definition of Betterment Acts [1]: Statutes which secure to a purchaser of land for valuable consideration, without notice of an infirmity in the title, an interest in the land equal to the value of the improvements or melioration he may have [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE.



Between and After the World Wars

Between and after the World Wars: UK Legal History Inter-war years During the inter-war years, legislation moderated the circumstances in which the death sentence could be applied. The Infanticide Act of 1922 made the killing of a baby by its mother no longer a capital crime. This was extended [...]

Categories: B and su1. Tags: BE and History.