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Thematic Index

 

Entries Categorized: Commercial Law (831)

 

 

Below you'll find a list of all entries that have been categorized as Commercial Law

 

 

2011 Riots

How Commentators Explained the 2011 Riots in England Neal Hazel, from the University of Salford, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, in the category "Crime and Society," under the title "How Commentators Explained the 2011 Riots in [...]

Categories: Commercial Law, Criminal law, R, and su1. Tags: RI.



Accession

English Law: Accession in the Past The ownership of a thing, whether it be real or personal, movable or immovable, carries with it the right to all that the thing produces and to all that becomes united to it, either naturally or artificially; this is called the right of accession. [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AC and Property.



Accident insurance 2

Accident insurance 2 in the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser Based on the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser , by W.S.M. Knight, Barrister –at – Law. What Accidents are within the these are clearly defined in the policy. Now, as to some particular points hereon. (a) The injury [...]

Categories: A, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AC.



Account of Profits

Definition of Account of Profits In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Account of Profits : A remedy that a claimant can claim as an alternative to damages in certain circumstances, e.g. in an action for breach of *copyright. A successful claimant is [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: AC, Intellectual Property Law, and Short Read.



Account stated

Account stated in the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser Based on the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser , by W.S.M. Knight, Barrister –at – Law. An account stated is an admission by one in an account with another, that a balance is due from him to the other. Such an admission is [...]

Categories: A, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AC.



Adjudication

Definition of Adjudication In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Adjudication : 1. The formal judgment or decision of a court or tribunal. 2. A decision by the Commissioners of Inland Revenue as to the amount (if any) of *stamp duty payable on a [...]

Categories: A, Bankruptcy, Business Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: AD.



Admiralty

History of the Admiralty The following commentary about Admiralty in the Churchill Era is produced by the Churchill College (Cambridge): Department of the Government administering the Royal Navy. Meaning of Admiralty The following is an old definition of Admiralty [1]: A court exercising [...]

Categories: A, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AD, History, and Maritime Law.



Aid

Concept of Aid Traditional meaning of aid [1] in the English common law history: A service or payment due from tenants in chivalry to their lords; usually either to ransom the lord's person; pur faire I'eigne fitz chivaler, to make the eldest son a knight; or pur I'eigne file marier, to marry [...]

Categories: A, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: AI and Short Read.



Amende Honorable

English Law: Amende Honorable in the Past A penalty imposed upon a person by way of disgrace or infamy, as a punishment for any offence or for the purpose of making reparation for any injury (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) done to another, as the walking into [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, F, and su1. Tags: AM and FI.



Approvement

English Law: Approvement in the Past The inclosing of common land within the lord's waste, so as to leave egress and regress to a tenant (see more about this popular legal topic in the U.K. encyclopedia) who is a commoner. Developments The augmentation of the profits of land. Stat. of Merton, [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, H, and su1. Tags: AP, HO, and Short Read.



Approver

Concept of Approver Traditional meaning of approver [1] in the English common law history: A person indicted of a capital crime who confessed the crime before pleading and accused [appealed] another of the same crime; see 26 IU.173; 4th Book ("Of Public Wrongs"), Blackstone's Commentaries on [...]

Categories: A, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: AP.



Assignment

Definition of Assignment In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Assignment : 1. The transfer of a *chose in action by one person (the assignor) to another (the assignee). By the rules of the common law, this was not permissible. If, for example, A was owed a [...]

Categories: A, Business Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Contract Formation , Criminal law, Intellectual Property, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: AS, Copyright, Intellectual Property, Intellectual Property Law, Legal Practice Terms, and Partner Relations.



Assize

Definition of Assize In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Assize : 1. An assize court or council. In modern times assizes were sittings of High Court judges travelling on circuits around the country with commissions from the Crown to hear cases. These [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AS.



Attaint

English Law: Attaint in the Past Atinctus, attainted, stained or blackened. 2. A writ which lies to inquire whether a jury of twelve men gave a false verdict. Bract. lib. 4, tr. 1, c. 134; Fleta, lib. 5, c. 22, 8. Developments It was a trial by jury of twenty-four men empanelled to try the [...]

Categories: A, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: AT and Short Read.



Bacs

Bacs Service The Bankers Automated Clearings System (Bacs) is a service owned by Bacs Payment Schemes Limited and operated by Voca Limited enabling companies to make payments and debits within the UK. In other words, the Bacs service is a computer system which sorts automated payment [...]

Categories: B, Business Law, Commercial Law, Finance Law, International Law, and su1. Tags: BA, Banking Law, Consumer Law, Cyber Law, and Internet.



Bailie

In Scotland the word bailiff has taken the form of bailie, signifying a superior officer or magistrate of a municipal corporation. Bailies, by virtue of their office, are invested with certain judicial and administrative powers within the burgh for which they are appointed. They sit as [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, Procedure Law, and su1. Tags: BA, Law Enforcement, and Scotland.



Bankruptcy notice

Bankruptcy notice in the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser Based on the Business Encyclopaedia and Legal Adviser , by W.S.M. Knight, Barrister –at – Law. This process, by way of Bankruptcy Notice, is the most common foundation of bankruptcy proceedings. The following are some points for [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: BA.



Bar

The Bar Definition of Bar In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bar : 1. A legal impediment. 2. An imaginary barrier in a court of law. Only Queen's Counsel, officers of the court, and litigants in person are allowed between the bar and the *bench [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Law Practice, Legislation, Procedures, and su1. Tags: BA, Legal Practice Terms, North Ireland, and Solicitor.



Bare Licensee

Definition of Bare Licensee In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Bare Licensee : A person who uses or occupies land by permission of the owner but has no legal or equitable interest in it. Such permission is personal to him; thus he cannot transfer it. He [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, and su1. Tags: BA, Intellectual Property Law, Licensing Law, and Short Read.



Baron

Baron Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament The British Peerage has five ranks or grades. Baron is the fifth and lowest of the ranks. Baron is a title that was created and first given to John Beauchamp de Holt in 1387. History This word, of uncertain origin, was introduced into England at [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, and su1. Tags: BA and Legislative Law.



Barrister

Definition of Barrister A lawyer who is entitled to represent clients in all of the courts. In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Barrister : A legal practitioner admitted to plead at the Bar. A barrister must be a member of one of the four Inns of [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Legal Practice, and su1. Tags: BA, Featured, Legal Practice Terms, Long Read, and North Ireland.



Battel

English Old Law: Battel in the Past In French, Bataille. An ancient and barbarous mode of trial, by Bingle combat, called wager of battel, where, in appeals of felony, the appellee might fight with the appellant to prove his innocence. It was also used in affairs of chivalry or honor and upon [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: BA.



Beau Pleader

English Law: Beau Pleader in the Past Fair pleading (i.e. There is further information on this topic in this legal reference. The formal allegations by the parties of their respective claims and defenses). See Stultiloquium. Developments This is the name of a writ upon the statute of [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: BE.



Benefit Of Clergy

English Law: Benefit of Clergy in the Past An exemption of the punishment of death which the laws impose on the commission of certain crimes, on the culprit demanding it. By modern statute's, benefit of clergy was rather a substitution of a more mild punishment for the punishment of death. [...]

Categories: B, Civil Law, Commercial Law, E, and su1. Tags: BE, EA, and ES.



Betterment

Concept of Betterment Traditional meaning of betterment [1] in the English common law history: A permanent improvement or addition made to lands or houses by the occupant; something more than repairs. Beyond sea, beyond the four seas. Out of the kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Out of the [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: BE and Short Read.



Bill Of Sight

English Law: Bill of Sight in the Past When a merchant i's ignorant of the real quantities or qualities of any goods consigned to him, so that he is unable to make a perfect entry of them, he is needd to acquaint the collector or comptroller of the circumstances and such officer is authorized, [...]

Categories: B, C, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: BI and CH.



Bill Of Store

English Law: Bill of Store in the Past A license granted by custom house officers to merchants, to carry such stores and provisions as are necessary for a voyage, free of duty. See stat. 3 and 4 Will. IV., c. 5 2. [1][rtbs name="history-of-english-law"] Resources Notes and [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: BI and Short Read.



Border Of Conflict

“There Were Bad Times and There Were Rough Times.” Policing on the Border of Conflict Vicky Conway, from the University of Kent, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, in the category "Crime and Society," under the title "“There Were Bad Times [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, Criminal law, su1, and Y. Tags: BO.



Breach of Contract

Definition of Breach of Contract In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Breach of Contract : An actual failure by a party to a contract to perform his obligations under that contract or an indication of his intention not to do so. An indication that a [...]

Categories: ADR, B, Business Law, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Contract Formation , and su1. Tags: Book Contract Law, BR, Breaches, Contract Law, Dispute Resolution, Financial Law, Legal Practice Terms, Long Read, Mortgages, and Share Capital.



Bridges

Concept of Brigbote, Brugbote Traditional meaning of brigbote, brugbote [1] in the Saxon law history: A contribution for the repair of bridges. Note: For more information on Saxon Law history, see here.[rtbs name="saxon-law"] Resources Notes and References Based on A concise law [...]

Categories: B, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: BR and Short Read.



Castle

Concept of Wic, Wyk Traditional meaning of wic, wyk [1] in the Saxon law history: A house, castle, or town. Note: For more information on Saxon Law history, see here.[rtbs name="saxon-law"] Resources Notes and References Based on A concise law dictionary of words, phrases and maxims, [...]

Categories: C, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: CA and Short Read.



Chancellor

History The chancellor in England In England the office of chancellor dates back to the reign of Edward the Confessor, the first English king to use the Norman practice of sealing instead of signing documents; and from the Norman Conquest onwards the succession of chancellors is [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Uncategorized. Tags: CH, Featured, Long Read, and Parliament.



Chancery

History Chancery, in English law, the court of the lord chancellor of England, consolidated in 1873 along with the other superior courts in the Supreme Court of Judicature. Its origin is noticed under the head of Chancellor. It has been customary to say that the court of chancery consists [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Legislation, su1, and Uncategorized. Tags: CH and Long Read.



Chancery Division

Definition of Chancery Division In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Chancery Division : The division of the *High Court of Justice created by the Judicature Acts 1873-75 to replace the *Court of Chancery. The work of the Division is principally concerned [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, Criminal law, Legislation, su1, and Y. Tags: CH, Intellectual Property Law, and Short Read.



Chase

English Law: Chase in the Past The liberty of keeping beasts of chase or royal gaine, on another man's ground as well as on one's own ground, protected even from the owner of the land, with a power of hunting them thereon. It differs from a park, because it may be on another's ground and [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: CH and Short Read.



Chief

Concept of Chief Traditional meaning of chief [1] in the English common law history: Head; lord; principal. Chief justice: the oldest, or presiding judge of a court. The chief justice of England is the chief justice of the K. B. Chief lord : the ultimate or highest lord of the fee, of whom the [...]

Categories: C, Commercial Law, Criminal law, and su1. Tags: CH.



Child Homicide

Child Homicide in Germany in Families That Had Been Supported by the Youth Welfare Services: What Can we Learn From These Cases for the Improvement of the Welfare System? Ulrike Zaehringer, from the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual [...]

Categories: C, Commercial Law, Criminal law, su1, and Y. Tags: CH.



Chivalry

English Law: Chivalry in the Past This word is derived from the French chevelier, a horseman. It is. There is further information on this topic in this legal reference. The name of a tenure of land by knight's service. Chivalry was of two kinds: the first; which was regal or held only of the [...]

Categories: C, Civil Law, Commercial Law, and su1. Tags: CH and Short Read.