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Crown in United Kingdom

Definition of Crown

In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Crown :

The office (a *corporation sole) in which supreme power in the UK is legally vested. The person filling it at any given time is referred to as the sovereign (a king or queen: See also Queen). The title to the Crown is hereditary and its descent is governed by the Act of Settlement 1701 as amended by His Majesty’s Declaration of Abdication Act 1936 (which excluded Edward VIII and his descendants from the line of succession). The majority of governmental powers in the UK are now conferred by statute directly on ministers, the judiciary, and other persons and bodies, but the sovereign retains a limited number of common law functions (known as *royal prerogatives) that, except in exceptional circumstances, can be exercised only in accordance with ministerial advice. In practice it is the minister. and not the sovereign, who today carries out these common law powers and is said to be the Crown when so doing. At common law the Crown could not be sued in tort, but the Crown Proceedings Act 1947 enabled civil actions to be taken against the Crown (See Crown proceedings). It is still not possible to sue the sovereign personally.

Crown in North Ireland

The institution of the monarchy, or the historical power of the monarchy, usually exercised today through government and courts. It is the Crown which brings all criminal cases to court, via the Public Prosecution Service for Northern Ireland.

Meaning of Crown

The following is an old definition of Crown [1]: The sovereign; the royal power; also, that which concerns or pertains to the ruling power – the king or queen. In use, similar to our terms State, Commonwealth, Government, People.


Notes and References

  1. Concept of Crown provided by the Anderson Dictionary of Law (1889) (Dictionary of Law consisting of Judicial Definitions and Explanations of Words, Phrases and Maxims and an Exposition of the Principles of Law: Comprising a Dictionary and Compendium of American and English Jurisprudence; William C. Anderson; T. H. Flood and Company, Law Publishers, Chicago, United States)

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(2017, 01). Crown lawi.org.uk Retrieved 06, 2021, from https://lawi.org.uk/crown/

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"Crown" lawi.org.uk. lawi.org.uk, 01 2017. Web. 06 2021. <https://lawi.org.uk/crown/>

"Crown" lawi.org.uk. 01, 2017. Accesed 06 2021. https://lawi.org.uk/crown/

Agostino Von Hassell, 'Crown' (lawi.org.uk 2017) <https://lawi.org.uk/crown/> accesed 2021 June 16

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Schema Summary

  • Article Name: Crown
  • Author: Agostino Von Hassell
  • Description: Definition of Crown In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Crown : The office (a [...]

This entry was last updated: January 7, 2017


North Ireland

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