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Oxford Companion to Law in United Kingdom

There is also an Oxford Companion to American Law.

This legal encyclopaedia is a concise overview of a subject in law – not confined to English law, since there are many entries devoted to European Union law.

Original Oxford Companion to Law Review

Review of A F Rodger, “Good companion?” Oxford J Legal Studies (1981) 1 (2): 257-2647):
“The Oxford Companion to Law is an extraordinary production. Including appendices, it runs
to 1365 pages, all written by one man.(…) The amount of reading required must have been vast and one can well imagine that the staff of Glasgow University Library worked hard to
earn the author’s thoughtful dedication of the work to that Library.

Is it then a good companion? The immediate answer is ‘Yes’. It is excellent value at 417.5o and has the same kind of fascination as the Guinness Book of Records. Odd facts and strange names crowd every page. The articles are concise enough not to weary even the most grasshopperish of minds. So, if one of the hallmarks of a good companion is that he entertains, this book succeeds. But it seeks to do more than merely to entertain. The dust-jacket tells us that the Companion will be useful for teachers and students of law, readers in the fields of
history, philosophy, politics and government-‘and indeed all who in their work or reading come across legal references’. The idea seems to be to give gobbets of information which will be sufficient to allow these readers, looking at topics beyond their usual range of expertise, to appreciate a reference, term or allusion.

Perhaps only time and experience will show how successful the Companion has been in achieving these aims. But the omens are propitious. The range of topics is large (though Rumpole has not made it-perhaps he is still too much of a parvenu) and the entries are, on the whole, clearly written. Whilst most are brief, some stretch to several pages. But these longer articles deal with topics such as ‘Law’ or ‘English Law’ or ‘Jurisprudence’ to which whole libraries could be devoted. Paradoxically it is these longer articles which may at first sight appear most hopelessly inadequate. The problem is of course endemic in all the Oxford Companions. What can really be learned from a few lines on Verdi in the Oxford Companion to Music? What can be said about English Law in sixteen pages? The answer in each case is perhaps: ‘Enough for present purposes’. A great deal of basic information is gathered and a reader who would perhaps not know which separate entry to consult may find at least a signpost in these more general articles.”

The New Oxford Companion to Law

  • Authors: Peter Cane and Joanne Conaghan
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Pages: 1306
  • ISBN: 9780199290543

The New Oxford Companion to Law Review

Review published in the Edinburgh Law Review. Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 340-341, Ross Gilbert Anderson, University of Glasgow

The Original Oxford Companion to Law

“In the present era of specialisation,” wrote Lord Rodger of the original Companion to Law,
published in 1980 and the sole work of David M Walker, “perhaps only Professor Walker
would have dared to write what amounts to a mini-encyclopaedia of law, dealing not merely
with English law, but Scots, Roman, Irish, American, German, French, Swiss, South African
and many other systems besides” (A F Rodger, “Good companion?” Oxford J Legal Studies (1981) 1 (2): 257-2647).

The original Companion is a unique work. I would call it a classic – a mine of golden legality
whose nuggets can be sourced elsewhere only with difficulty. And although, as Lord Rodger
pointed out, there are impurities, idiosyncrasies or flaws, call them what you will, they are
easily tolerated: the original Companion is a first port of call, not the terminus, on any voyage
of obscure legal research.

If the original Companion was the product of a certain generation, so too is the New
Companion. The New Companion is rather like New Labour. The approach has moved away
from details (arbitrarily selected) to themes (still arbitrarily selected). The content is more
broad-brush and, to this reviewer’s heathen palate, on occasion somewhat bland. But that may
be an unfair criticism for a handsome volume intended for the non-lawyer. When (if) I pick
up the Oxford Companion to Cosmology or the Oxford Companion to Women’s Writing in
the United States, I might prefer a volume like that produced by Cane and Conaghan to the
Miscellany-at-Law (without the wit) compiled by Walker.

Scots Law

But the New Companion may still be an occasion for a Scottish lament. The original
Companion is an important repository (a good Walker-word) of little-known details of Scots
law, and many other legal systems besides. The editors of the New Companion, in the Preface,
accept that “‘Anglo-centrism’ is disrespectful and can be seriously misleading . . . However
lawyers are typically expert in the law of only one jurisdiction and we have not always been able
to ensure that the relevant differences between the laws of the various UK jurisdictions have
been recorded.” Where Scots law was perhaps over-represented in the original Companion, it
has now been relegated, along with much else non-English, to a few short, generic headings,
although these headings are, I should add, first-class. (One serious defect in a multi-authored
work such as this is the lack of a table detailing each contributor’s entries, so it is difficult to
identify all the entries by Scottish contributors.)

Sociopolitical Content

The point is not limited to Scotland, for while
the Scots lawyer turning to the New Companion for an explanation of obscure legal terms
will search in vain, so too will lawyers from other legal systems, England included. The New
Companion records the shift in the world of legal science from the scholarship of the doctrinal
drudge to the -ologies and -isms of the twenty-first century socio-legal landscape. Academic
lawyers (and the contributors are overwhelmingly academics) are no longer concerned with
details of (private) legal practice, but with theory, and theories that are overwhelmingly sociopolitical.
An obvious shift from private law to public law is also reflected in the content of the
New Companion.

Other issues

One criticism Lord Rodger made of the original was that some foreign language works were
misspelled. A simple solution has been found to this problem: the New Companion is entirely
monoglot. Walker’s more esoteric entries are entirely excised. And so too are many entries on
the more mundane: Pandectists, Romanists and almost all Latin or Norman-French phrases.

Strangely, however, for a work that is aimed at the layman, many “further reading” references
are to secondary literature in specialist journals. Most unfortunately of all, however, the New
Companion has dispensed with one of the most useful features of the original: the appendices.
Again, it is unlikely that the layman will want to know, say, how many times Lord Lyndhurst
was Lord Chancellor. But, for the specialist, these tables were of considerable assistance.

In the preface to the original, Walker proffered the apology that it was “beyond possibility”
that the Companion did not contain errors. For the leisure-time labour of one man, such
errors were inevitable and some were highlighted in Rodger’s eight-page review. But replacing
the idiosyncrasies of a single author with a team of hundreds has brought its own difficulties
and, indeed, the occasional howler: perusing the entry on “Donoghue v Stevenson (1932)”
(344–345) the reader double-takes at the sentence stating that Mrs Donoghue “raised a claim
for damages in the (Scottish) Court of Justiciary”. A claim for damages in the criminal court
would indeed merit an entry in the Oxford Companion, perhaps under a new heading on
“Incompetency”. As an aside, it is interesting to observe that many of Rodger’s apposite
criticisms appear to have been rejected by the present contributors. Posterity, in the guise
of the New Companion, has not preferred the “wise opinions of Lord Justice-Clerk Thomson”
to the “more showy productions of Lord Cooper”: Cooper makes the short-list of “Judges,
distinguished” (650); such recognition continues to elude Lord Thomson.

The original Companion is popular in small circles. The New Companion, in contrast, is
much more accessible: to the layman, to the law student, to the (non-lawyer) legal practitioner,
or to whomsoever else, in the post-Clementi world, the public must now turn for vindication
of their rights. Perhaps some lawyers may also find it useful, if not particularly interesting.

But if the original Companion is destined to remain a book for the specialist legal researcher,
the New Companion will instead function as Oxford Companions should: as an introduction
for the intelligent layman who can reach for it from his own shelves. To these readers, the
New Companion is warmly commended. To those of a more antiquarian or idiosyncratic bent,
however, the publication of the New Companion has its own advantage: affordable second-hand copies of the original have become more readily available.

List of the New Oxford Companion to Law entries

The New Oxford Companion to Law “draws upon the expertise of over 700 scholars and practitioners” and is consisting “in over 1,700 alphabetically arranged entries”, which are listed below:

  • Aarhus Convention
  • Aboriginal law
  • Aboriginal peoples
  • abortion
  • absolute territorial protection
  • abuse of a dominant position
  • abuse of court process
  • abuse, civil liability for
  • academic freedom
  • ACAS
  • access, child
  • Accident Line
  • accountability
  • accusatorial system
  • acquis communautaire
  • act of state doctrine
  • acts and omissions
  • Acts of Parliament
  • administrative law
  • administrative rule‐making
  • admiralty courts
  • admiralty law
  • adoption
  • adoptive leave
  • advance directives
  • adventure sports
  • adversary system
  • adverse possession
  • advertising
  • Advertising Code
  • advertising standards and complaints
  • advice centres
  • Advice Services Alliance
  • advisory opinions in international law
  • advocacy
  • Advocate General
  • advocates, famous
  • affirmative action
  • African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights
  • African customary law
  • after‐the‐event‐insurance
  • age and crime
  • age discrimination
  • agency
  • agency workers
  • aggregates levy
  • aggression
  • Agreement Reached in the Multiparty Negotiations
  • agricultural tenancies
  • air and space law
  • airspace
  • alcohol and liquor licensing
  • alcohol duties
  • alien
  • Alien Tort Claims Act
  • Allcard v Skinner
  • Allen v Flood
  • alternative dispute resolution
  • alternative trading system
  • ambulance chasing
  • American Civil Liberties Union
  • American Law Institute
  • American legal realism
  • amnesty
  • anarchism
  • ancient egyptian law
  • ancient Middle Eastern law
  • Anderson v Gorrie
  • Anglo‐Saxon law and custom
  • animals, liability for
  • animals, rights of
  • annual accounts of corporations
  • annual general meeting, corporations
  • Antarctica
  • anthropology and law
  • anti‐dumping measures
  • anti‐social behaviour
  • antiquities and looting
  • antitrust
  • Anton Piller orders
  • apartheid
  • appeals
  • appeals service
  • approximation of laws in the EU
  • Aquinas, Thomas
  • arbitration
  • arbitration, consumer
  • arbitration, international
  • archaeological heritage
  • architectural conservation
  • armed conflict, law of
  • armed forces
  • Armory v Delamirie
  • arms control
  • arrest
  • art and law
  • Article 14
  • articles of association
  • asbestos
  • ASBOs
  • Asher v Whitlock
  • assault
  • assessment in legal education
  • assimilation
  • assisted conception
  • assisted suicide
  • assisting crime
  • Associated Provincial Picture Houses Ltd v Wednesbury Corporation
  • assumpsit
  • assumption of risk
  • asylum
  • asylum seeker
  • Atkin, James Richard
  • attempts, conspiracy, and incitement
  • Attorney‐General
  • Attorney‐General v De Keyser’s Royal Hotel Ltd
  • Attorney‐General’s references
  • Audit Commission
  • auditor liability
  • Auditor‐General
  • auditors and whistleblowing
  • Austin, John
  • Australian law
  • aut dedere’ aut judicare
  • authors’ rights
  • autonomy
  • Babylonian law
  • Bacon, Francis
  • bail
  • bailment
  • ballots
  • bank accounts
  • Bank of England
  • bank runs and capital adequacy
  • banking and investment services industry
  • bankruptcy
  • Barbie, Klaus
  • Barcelona Traction Case
  • Bates’ Case
  • battered wife syndrome
  • Beatty v Gillbanks
  • Beck, Adolf
  • before‐the‐event insurance
  • Belfast Agreement
  • Bell v Lever Brothers Ltd
  • belligerency
  • benchmarking in legal education
  • benefits in kind, taxation of
  • Bentham, Jeremy
  • Berlin
  • Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
  • best interests of patients
  • Bilateral Investment Treaties
  • Bill of Rights
  • Bills
  • bills of rights, international and supranational
  • bills of rights, national
  • binding over
  • biodiversity
  • biological weapons and warfare
  • biotechnology
  • bisexuality
  • black‐letter law
  • Blackstone, William
  • Bland, Tony
  • Blandy, Mary
  • blasphemy
  • blood sports
  • Bloody Assizes
  • Bloody Sunday inquiries
  • board of directors
  • Board of Inland Revenue v Haddock
  • body parts
  • body samples
  • body, law and the
  • Bolton v Stone
  • bona fide purchaser
  • bonus pay
  • border control of intellectual property
  • boundaries in international law
  • boundaries in land law
  • boycotts
  • Bracton, Henry de
  • breach of contract
  • breach of statutory duty
  • breach of the peace
  • breach of trust
  • Brehon law
  • brides in the bath
  • British Broadcasting Corporation
  • British citizenship
  • British Commonwealth
  • British Standards Institution
  • British Transport Police
  • broadcasters’ rights
  • broadcasting
  • Brown v Board of Education
  • bugging
  • bullying at work
  • burden of proof
  • business organization, forms of
  • business rates
  • business taxation
  • business tenancies
  • Bywaters, Frederick
  • Cabinet
  • cable tv
  • Calvo Doctrine/Calvo Clause
  • Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
  • Canadian law
  • Cannibalism
  • canon law
  • capacity
  • capital allowances
  • capital gains tax
  • capital import/export neutrality
  • capital punishment
  • capital transfer tax
  • capitulations
  • Cardozo, Benjamin Nathan
  • care, duty of
  • care, standard of
  • Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co Ltd
  • Caroline, The
  • carrier sanctions
  • Carson, Edward
  • cartel
  • case management
  • Casement, Sir Roger
  • cash flow tax
  • casual workers
  • causation
  • cause lawyering
  • cautioning
  • caveat emptor
  • cctv
  • CEDAW
  • censorship
  • Central Arbitration Committee
  • Central London Property Trust Ltd v High Trees House Ltd
  • CERD
  • certainty and flexibility in law
  • chance, loss of
  • Chancery Court
  • Channel Islands law
  • channels 3, 4 and 5
  • character merchandising
  • charities
  • Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights (EU)
  • Charter of the Fundamental Social Rights of Workers
  • chartered companies in international law
  • chattels and fixtures
  • chemical weapons and warfare
  • chemicals regulation
  • cheques
  • Chicago Convention
  • Chicago School
  • child
  • child abduction
  • child abuse
  • child labour
  • child offenders
  • child protection
  • child support
  • child, capacity of
  • Children Act 1989
  • children and divorce
  • children and medical treatment
  • children’s rights
  • children’s rights and education
  • Chinese law
  • chose in action
  • Church of England
  • Church of Scotland
  • Cicero, Marcus Tullius
  • circuit judges
  • circulars
  • Citizen’s Charter
  • Citizens Advice Bureaux
  • citizenship
  • citizenship education
  • citizenship of the European Union
  • civil and political rights
  • civil disobedience
  • civil law systems
  • civil liability, theories of
  • civil liberties
  • civil partnership
  • Civil Procedure Rules
  • civil service
  • civil service code
  • civil service reform
  • civil trials
  • civil war
  • civilian courts
  • civilian population in armed conflict
  • claims assessors
  • claims management companies
  • class action
  • class and crime
  • clausula rebus sic stantibus/fundamental change of circumstances
  • clemency
  • climate change
  • climate change levy
  • clinical judgement
  • clinical legal education
  • clinical negligence
  • Clinton impeachment trial
  • closed shop
  • closer cooperation in the EU
  • closure of business
  • co‐decision procedure
  • co‐ownership
  • co‐parenting
  • Coase, Ronald
  • Code Napoléon
  • codes and codification in national law
  • codes of conduct in international law
  • codes of practice in consumer law
  • Codes of Practice in employment law
  • codes of practice, administrative guidance and circulars
  • codification and progressive development of international law
  • cohabitation
  • cohabitation rule
  • Coke, Sir Edward
  • collective agreements
  • collective autonomy
  • collective bargaining
  • collective investment schemes
  • collective ministerial responsibility
  • collective punishment in international law
  • collective rights
  • collective self‐defence
  • collective worship in schools
  • College of Law
  • colonial administration and law
  • colonialism
  • colonialism and the legal profession
  • combat sports
  • combatants
  • Comitology
  • comity
  • command and control regulation
  • command papers
  • command responsibility
  • commercial arbitration, international
  • commercial exploitation of intellectual property
  • Commission for Equality and Human Rights
  • Common Agricultural Policy
  • common but differentiated responsibility, principle of
  • common heritage of mankind
  • common land
  • common law
  • common law courts
  • common law courts, history of
  • common law in Ireland
  • common law in the colonies
  • common law marriage
  • common law of Europe
  • common market
  • common prostitute
  • commonholds
  • commons
  • Commonwealth law
  • Commonwealth of Nations
  • communications regulation
  • communitarianism
  • community
  • community care
  • community order
  • companies and the outside world
  • company
  • company law, sources of
  • comparative criminal justice policy
  • comparative law
  • comparator
  • compellable witnesses
  • compensation
  • compensation culture
  • compensation neurosis
  • Compensation Recovery Unit
  • competition
  • Competition Appeal Tribunal
  • Competition Commission
  • competition law
  • competition: restriction, prevention and distortion of
  • complaints procedures
  • complaints: internet information
  • comprehensive income tax
  • compromise
  • Comptroller and Auditor‐General
  • compulsory purchase
  • compulsory treatment of patients with mental disorders
  • concentration
  • conception, assisted
  • concerted practice
  • conciliation
  • conciliation, family
  • conciliation, international
  • conditional fee arrangements
  • condominium and coimperium
  • conduct of business regulation
  • conference presentation
  • confidential information
  • confidentiality
  • confidentiality, medical
  • conflict of interest and corporations
  • conflict of laws
  • conflicting rights
  • conflicts of interest in financial markets
  • conformity with contract
  • conjoined twins
  • connected loan
  • conquest
  • conscientious objector
  • consent to treatment
  • conservation
  • consolatory payments
  • conspiracy and trade union activity
  • conspiracy, civil
  • conspiracy, criminal
  • Constantine v Imperial Hotels Ltd
  • constituencies
  • Constitution for Europe
  • constitutional conventions
  • Constitutional Court of South Africa
  • constitutional law
  • constitutional monarchy
  • constitutional reform
  • constitutionalism
  • constitutions
  • constructive dismissal
  • constructive trusts
  • consuls
  • consultation by government
  • consultation with workers
  • consumer
  • Consumer Credit Act
  • consumer protection in retail banking
  • consumer welfare
  • contact, family
  • contaminated land and soil conservation
  • contempt of court
  • contiguous zone
  • continental shelf
  • contingency fee arrangements
  • contraband
  • contract law
  • contract of employment
  • contracting out
  • contributory negligence
  • contributory principle
  • controlled foreign companies
  • Convention for Elimination of Racial Discrimination
  • Convention for the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women
  • Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision‐Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • conventions of the constitution
  • conversion
  • conveyancing
  • convoy
  • cooling‐off periods
  • cooperation procedure
  • copyright
  • copyright collecting societies
  • COREPER
  • coroners
  • corporal punishment
  • corporal punishment in schools
  • corporate authority
  • corporate capacity
  • corporate conglomerates and groups
  • corporate creditors
  • corporate criminal liability
  • corporate debt and registration of charges
  • corporate disclosure
  • corporate governance
  • corporate governance and conflicts of interest
  • corporate governance, Combined Code on
  • corporate manslaughter
  • corporate personality
  • corporate rescue
  • corporate social responsibility
  • corporation tax
  • corrective justice
  • corruption
  • cosmopolitanism
  • costs of complaining and claiming
  • costs of litigation
  • Council of Civil Service Unions v Minister for the Civil Service
  • Council of Ministers
  • Council on Tribunals
  • council tax
  • counter‐measures
  • counterfeit goods
  • counterfeiting
  • countervailing measures
  • countryside, access to
  • court fees
  • Court of Arbitration for Sport
  • Court of Criminal Appeal
  • Court of First Instance
  • Court of Session
  • court proceedings—starting a claim
  • courts
  • courts martial
  • Courvoisier, François Benjamin
  • couverture
  • covenants affecting freehold land
  • covenants over leasehold land
  • CR v UK
  • creative commons
  • credit business
  • credit cards
  • crime
  • crime and communities
  • crime and punishment
  • crime and sexual integrity
  • crime and social differentiation
  • crime and the media
  • crime and violence
  • crime control, politics of
  • crime investigation by the police
  • crime investigation other than by police
  • crime prevention
  • crime rates
  • crime, definitions of
  • crimes against humanity
  • crimes against peace
  • crimes of passion
  • criminal appeals
  • Criminal Cases Review Commission
  • criminal charge
  • criminal compensation orders
  • criminal contempt
  • criminal conviction
  • criminal courts
  • criminal defences
  • Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel
  • criminal injuries compensation schemes
  • criminal justice policy in developing countries
  • criminal justice policy, comparative
  • criminal justice rights
  • criminal justice system: England and Wales, and Northern Ireland
  • criminal justice system: Scotland
  • criminal law
  • Criminal Law Revision Committee
  • criminal liability without fault
  • criminal libel
  • criminal offences
  • criminal records
  • criminal regulation of property relations
  • criminal regulation of public order
  • criminal responsibility
  • criminal trials
  • criminalization, rationale of
  • criminological research
  • Crippen, Dr Harvey Hawley
  • critical legal studies
  • critical race theory
  • cronyism
  • Crown
  • Crown Court
  • Crown Prosecution Service
  • cultural anthropology and law
  • cultural heritage
  • cultural property
  • cultural relativism
  • curfews
  • custody of children
  • custom as a source of law
  • customary international law
  • customary law
  • customary law and the treatment of criminals
  • customs union
  • damages
  • data protection
  • databases
  • death duties
  • death in the family, legal consequences
  • death penalty
  • deaths in custody
  • debt and structural adjustment
  • debt finance
  • deception
  • decolonization
  • deductions from pay
  • deed
  • defamation
  • default judgment
  • defence of claims
  • defences, criminal
  • delegated legislation
  • demilitarization
  • Demjanjuk, John
  • democracy
  • democracy and human rights
  • democracy, right to in international law
  • democratic deficit
  • demonstrations
  • denial of justice
  • Denning, Alfred Thompson
  • departments of state
  • deportation
  • deposit protection
  • deposits
  • deregulation
  • derogation in EU law
  • derogations in human rights law
  • designs
  • desistance
  • detention centres
  • detention without trial
  • deterrence (civil)
  • deterrence (criminal)
  • development
  • Devlin, Patrick Arthur
  • devolution
  • Dicey, Albert Venn
  • difference and discrimination
  • digital television and radio regulation
  • dignity and discrimination
  • Dimes v The Proprietors of the Grand Junction Canal
  • diminished responsibility
  • diplomatic immunity
  • diplomatic protection
  • diplomatic relations, immunities and privileges
  • direct applicability of EU law
  • direct discrimination
  • direct effect of EU law
  • Directives
  • Director of Public Prosecutions
  • Directorate‐General for Competition
  • directors
  • directors and shareholders
  • directors’ duties
  • directors, appointment and removal of
  • directors, disqualification of
  • disability
  • disability benefits
  • disability discrimination
  • Disability Rights Commission
  • disabled persons in the workplace
  • disarmament
  • discipline in schools
  • discipline in the workplace
  • disclaimers
  • disclosure
  • disclosure in civil litigation
  • disclosure in criminal cases
  • disclosure in financial markets
  • discretion
  • discretion in the criminal justice system
  • discrimination in employment
  • diseases, liability for
  • dismissal
  • disparate impact
  • displaced persons
  • disqualification of directors
  • distribution of assets
  • distributive justice
  • district judges
  • diversionary programmes
  • diversity in legal education
  • dividend tax
  • dividends
  • divorce
  • divorce, history of
  • doctors, complaints against
  • doctrinal legal research
  • doctrine of double effect
  • domain names
  • domestic accidents
  • domestic jurisdiction
  • domestic violence
  • dominant position
  • Donaldson v Beckett
  • Donoghue v Stevenson
  • doorstep selling
  • double effect, doctrine of
  • double jeopardy
  • double taxation treaties
  • drafting
  • drafting of legislation
  • dress codes in the workplace
  • dress in schools
  • Dreyfus, Captain Alfred
  • drug testing in employment
  • drugs and crime
  • drugs in sport
  • dual/multiple citizenship
  • Dudley and Stephens (R v)
  • due diligence defence
  • due process rights
  • duress
  • duty solicitor scheme
  • e‐commerce
  • Earl of Oxford’s Case
  • early intervention
  • easement
  • EC competition law, modernization of
  • ecclesiastical courts
  • ecclesiastical law
  • ecological heritage
  • ecological law
  • economic analysis of law
  • Economic and Monetary Union
  • economic and social rights
  • economic coercion
  • economic duress
  • economic refugees
  • economic sanctions
  • economic torts
  • ECU
  • education and human rights
  • education under devolved government: Northern Ireland
  • education under devolved government: Scotland
  • education under devolved government: Wales
  • educational charities
  • educational failure
  • Edwards v Attorney‐General for Canada
  • efficiency defence in competition law
  • efficiency in competition law
  • efficient markets hypothesis
  • Eichmann, Adolf
  • election broadcasts
  • election financing
  • elections
  • elections and multi‐party democracy
  • electoral commission
  • electoral systems
  • electronic conveyancing
  • email monitoring
  • emancipation
  • embryo
  • embryo research
  • Emergency leave
  • emergency powers
  • emergency services, liability of
  • émigré lawyers
  • empirical legal research
  • employee
  • employee participation
  • employee share ownership
  • employers’ liability
  • employment agencies
  • employment tax
  • employment tribunals
  • empowerment
  • enemy subjects and enemy property
  • enforcement of court orders
  • enforcement order
  • enforcing human rights
  • English Heritage
  • enlargement of the EU
  • Enron
  • entertainment law
  • entertainment licensing
  • Entick v Carrington
  • entrapment
  • entrenched rights
  • entrenchment of constitutions and legislation
  • entrepreneurialism and company law
  • Environment Agency
  • environment, legal definition of
  • environmental agreements
  • environmental assessment
  • environmental citizenship Citizenship
  • environmental civil liability
  • environmental court
  • environmental crime and enforcement
  • environmental disputes and dispute resolution
  • environmental ethics
  • environmental governance
  • environmental heritage
  • environmental impact assessment
  • environmental justice
  • Environmental Pollution, Royal Commission on
  • environmental rights
  • environmental risk regulation
  • environmental self‐regulation
  • environmental taxes
  • environmental trading
  • environmental trusts
  • Equal Oportunities Commission
  • equal pay
  • equal protection clause
  • equality
  • equality and discrimination
  • equality and diversity
  • Equality and Human Rights Commission
  • equality duty
  • equitable utilization of shared resources
  • equity as a system of law
  • equity finance and stock exchange listing
  • equity in pay and employment
  • erga omnes obligations
  • Erskine, Thomas
  • estate agents
  • estate duty
  • estoppel
  • ethnic cleansing
  • ethnic minorities
  • ethnicity
  • ethnicity and crime
  • Euro
  • europe ‘a la carte’
  • European arrest warrant
  • European broadcasting regulation
  • European Central Bank
  • European Commission
  • European communities
  • European Community law
  • European Community legal instruments
  • European Community powers
  • European Community taxation
  • European Competition Network
  • European Constitution
  • European Convention on Human Rights
  • European Court of Human Rights
  • European Court of Justice
  • European harmonization of intellectual property rights
  • European law
  • European Parliament
  • European Patent Convention
  • European treaties
  • European Union
  • European Union environmental law
  • European Union migration
  • European Union, influence on financial markets
  • Europhile
  • Europhobe
  • Eurosceptic
  • euthanasia
  • euthanasia in The Netherlands and Belgium
  • eviction
  • evidence, civil
  • evidence, criminal
  • ex aequo et bono
  • excise duties
  • exclusion clauses
  • exclusion from school
  • exclusive economic zone
  • excuse
  • executive agencies
  • executive agreements
  • executive pay
  • exhaustive harmonization
  • expenditure tax
  • expert evidence
  • expropriation
  • expulsion
  • external protections
  • extortionate credit bargains
  • extradition
  • extraordinary general meeting
  • Factortame case: R v Secretary of State for Transport, ex p Factortame (No 2)
  • failing schools and local education authorities
  • fair access to higher education
  • fair reporting by media
  • fair trial, right to
  • fairness in broadcasting
  • faith schools
  • family finances
  • Family Law Act 1996
  • family law in developing countries
  • family law solicitors
  • family life
  • family life and human rights
  • family property
  • family taxation
  • farmers’ rights
  • fatherhood
  • Fathers’ Rights Movement
  • fault‐based civil liability
  • fault‐based criminal liability
  • federalism
  • fee simple estate
  • female genital mutilation/surgery
  • feminism and law reform
  • feminism and reproduction
  • feminist analyses of crime
  • feminist legal research
  • feminist theories of law
  • fertility industry
  • fiduciaries
  • film and law
  • film and video recordings regulation
  • film censorship
  • financial instruments, taxation of
  • financial regulation
  • financial regulation, costs of
  • Financial Services and Markets Act 2000
  • Financial Services Authority
  • Financial Services Ombudsman
  • finding of property
  • fines
  • fingerprinting
  • fitness for purpose
  • fixed‐term workers
  • fixtures
  • flat tax
  • flexible work
  • flotation
  • foetus
  • folk law
  • food labelling
  • food safety
  • forced labour
  • forced marriage
  • forced migration
  • foreign tax credit
  • foreseeability
  • formal equality
  • formalism
  • fostering
  • franchise
  • franchising
  • Frankfurter, Felix
  • fraud and misrepresentation
  • fraud trials
  • fraud, honesty, and markets
  • free movement in the EU
  • freedom of assembly
  • freedom of association
  • freedom of expression
  • freedom of expression in developing countries
  • freedom of information
  • freedom of movement
  • freedom of religion and belief
  • freedom of speech
  • freedom of the press
  • freeview TV
  • French law
  • friendly relations, declaration
  • fuel duties
  • Fuller, Lon L
  • gambling
  • gamete donation
  • gangmasters
  • Garrow, William
  • gay
  • gay and lesbian legal research
  • gender
  • gender and crime
  • gender and development
  • gender issues in legal education
  • gender mainstreaming
  • genealogical approaches to law
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
  • General Agreement on Trade in Services
  • genetic databases
  • genetic resources, access to
  • genetically modified organisms
  • Geneva Conventions I–HIV
  • genocide
  • Gentili, Alberico
  • geographical indications
  • German law
  • gerrymandering
  • gift taxes
  • gifts inter vivos
  • global civil society
  • globalization and crime
  • globalization and large law firms
  • globalization and law
  • glossators and post‐glossators
  • GMOs
  • good faith (bona fides) in international law
  • good faith performance in employment law
  • Good Friday Agreement
  • good offices
  • governance
  • governance and the rule of law in developing countries
  • government departments
  • government lawyers
  • government‐in‐exile
  • governmentality
  • Great Britain
  • Greek law
  • Green Papers
  • grievances, workplace
  • group action
  • group taxation
  • Guantanamo Naval Base
  • guarantees
  • guardianship and children
  • guardianship and mental capacity
  • guest worker
  • Gunpowder Plot
  • habeas corpus
  • habeus corpus and states of emergency
  • habitual residence and social security benefits
  • Hadley v Baxendale
  • Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907
  • Hampden, John
  • Hansard
  • harassment
  • Harmonization of laws in the EU
  • Hart, Herbert Lionel Adolphus
  • Hastings, Warren
  • hate speech
  • Hayek, Friedrich von
  • Health and Safety Executive
  • health and safety in the workplace
  • health care proxy
  • health care rationing
  • health service complaints
  • health service ombudsman
  • health, law, and development
  • hearsay
  • hedge funds
  • Hedley Byrne & Co Ltd v Heller & Partners Ltd
  • Helsinki Final Act
  • Henry II
  • hereditary peers
  • heritage legislation
  • heritage markets
  • heritage, anthropological issues
  • heritage, international dimensions
  • heritage, protection during war
  • Heydon’s Case
  • High Court
  • Hindu law
  • hire‐purchase
  • historic rights
  • historical jurisprudence
  • historical research in law
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Holdsworth, Sir William
  • holidays (workers)
  • holidays, recreational
  • Holmes, Oliver Wendell Jr
  • Holy See
  • home schooling
  • Home Secretary
  • home, accidents in
  • homelessness
  • homicide
  • homosexuality
  • homosexuality and education
  • honour killings
  • horizontal agreement
  • horizontal application of human rights
  • horizontal equity in taxation
  • hospital complaints
  • hostile witnesses
  • hot pursuit
  • hours of work
  • House of Commons
  • House of Lords
  • House of Lords reform
  • housing law
  • housing ombudsman
  • human
  • human (migrant) smuggling
  • human dignity
  • Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority
  • Human Genome, the
  • human nature
  • human rights
  • Human Rights Act 1998
  • human rights and civil liberties
  • human rights and development
  • human rights and family law
  • human rights and health
  • human rights and property
  • human rights in EU law
  • human rights in the workplace
  • human rights scepticism
  • human rights, theories of
  • Human Tissue (Act)
  • human trafficking
  • humanitarian intervention
  • humanity and humanism
  • Hunt, Joseph
  • ICTY
  • identity
  • illegal migration
  • images, law and
  • immigrant
  • immigration and emigration
  • immigration security screening
  • immunity, diplomatic and state
  • impeachment
  • implied repeal
  • implied terms
  • imprisonment for debt
  • imprisonment without trial
  • incapacitation theory
  • incapacity
  • incapacity for work
  • income tax
  • incorporation
  • indecency
  • independent directors
  • Independent Police Complaints Commission
  • independent schools
  • independent taxation of husband and wife
  • indian law
  • indictment
  • indigenous law
  • indigenous peoples
  • indigenous peoples, status of
  • indirect discrimination
  • individual autonomy
  • individual rights
  • inducing breach of contract
  • industrial action
  • industrial designs
  • industrial injuries
  • infanticide
  • information complaints commissioner
  • information disclosure
  • information technologies
  • informed consent
  • inheritance
  • inheritance tax
  • initiative as a means of instigating legislation
  • injunction
  • injunctions
  • injunctions against businesses
  • innocent passage
  • Inns of Court
  • inquest
  • inquiries
  • inquisitorial system
  • insanity
  • insider dealing
  • insolvency of an employer
  • insolvency, corporate
  • insolvency, individual
  • inspection of schools
  • inspectors, workplace
  • institutional discrimination
  • institutional investor activism
  • insurance and investment
  • insurance companies, claims against
  • insurance contracts/policies
  • insurance ombudsman
  • insurance, liability
  • insurgency
  • integrated circuits
  • integrated pollution prevention and control
  • integration
  • intellectual property rights, european harmonization of
  • intellectual property rights, international harmonization of
  • intellectual property, commercial exploitation of
  • intention
  • inter‐generational equity
  • inter‐temporal law
  • interception of communications
  • interest groups
  • interlocutory proceedings
  • internal market
  • internal restrictions
  • internally displaced persons
  • International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes
  • International claims
  • International Committee of the Red Cross
  • International Court of Justice
  • international courts and tribunals
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  • International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
  • International Criminal Court
  • international criminal law
  • international dispute settlement
  • international economic law
  • international environmental law
  • international financial institutions and development
  • international harmonization of intellectual property rights
  • international human rights law
  • international humanitarian law
  • international labour law
  • International Labour Organization (‘ILO’) and international labour law
  • international law
  • international law and municipal law
  • International Law Commission
  • international lawyers
  • international military tribunals
  • international monetary fund
  • international monetary law
  • international organizations
  • international prize court
  • international rivers
  • international sea‐bed area
  • international tax
  • International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
  • international waterways and watercourses
  • internet regulation
  • internment in international law
  • internment without trial
  • internship
  • interpretation, law as
  • interpreting constitutions
  • interpreting legislation
  • intersectional discrimination
  • intersectionality
  • intervention, prohibition of
  • interviewing
  • intestacy
  • intimidation
  • investment diversification
  • investment firm licensing
  • investment protection
  • investment tax
  • investor compensation schemes
  • investor protection in securities markets
  • Iran‐US Claims Tribunal
  • IRC v Duke of Westminster
  • Irish law
  • Irving v Penguin Books and Deborah Lipstadt
  • Islamic law
  • Israeli law
  • Israeli Wall Case
  • IT in legal education
  • IT skills
  • IVF treatment
  • Japanese law
  • Jewish law
  • Joint Intelligence Committee
  • joint liability
  • joint venture
  • journalistic privilege
  • Joyce, William
  • judges
  • judges, distinguished
  • judicial appointments
  • judicial discretion
  • judicial independence
  • judicial inquiries
  • judicial law‐making
  • judicial review
  • judiciaries in developing countries
  • juridification
  • juries
  • jurisdiction and social discourse
  • jurisprudence
  • jury, origins and development
  • jus cogens
  • justice
  • Justices of the Peace
  • justification, excuse, and mitigation in criminal law
  • Justinian
  • Kahn‐Freund, Sir Otto
  • Keech v Sandford
  • Kent, Constance
  • kitemarks
  • knowledge and belief
  • L’Estrange v Graucob Ltd
  • labour law and trade union law in developing countries
  • labour market conditions
  • Labour Relations Agency
  • Lady Chatterley’s Lover
  • land mines
  • land reform in developing countries
  • landfill tax
  • landless peoples’ movements
  • language and law
  • Latin American law
  • law and aesthetics
  • law and development movement
  • law and economics
  • law and order debates
  • Law Commission
  • Law in Context movement
  • law lords
  • law of the sea
  • Law Officers
  • law reform commissions
  • law reform movements
  • law reports
  • law schools
  • Law, Liberty and Morality
  • lawyer–client relations
  • lawyering skills
  • lawyers, complaints against
  • lawyers, remuneration and funding of
  • lay participation in criminal justice system
  • League of Nations
  • learning outcomes of legal education
  • leasehold enfranchisement
  • leasehold estate
  • legal academics
  • legal advice and assistance
  • legal adviser
  • legal aid
  • legal basis of EU law
  • legal clinics
  • legal consciousness
  • legal education
  • legal education and liberal education
  • legal education, research on
  • legal expenses insurance
  • legal help and representation
  • legal philosophy
  • legal pluralism
  • legal positivism since 1970
  • legal positivism to 1970
  • legal practice, styles and skills of
  • legal profession, definition and special characteristics of
  • legal profession, geography of
  • legal profession, history of
  • legal profession, impact of information technology on
  • legal profession, private and voluntary sectors of
  • legal profession, public, and employed sector
  • legal profession, social background, entry, and training
  • legal profession, theories about
  • legal profession—governance, structure and organization of
  • legal profession: competition, consumer protection and regulation
  • legal profession: international comparisons and trends
  • legal professional ethics and values
  • legal professional privilege
  • legal realism
  • legal rules, types of
  • Legal Services Commission
  • Legal Services Ombudsman
  • legal services, demand and need for
  • legal theory
  • legal theory and legal history
  • legal treatises before 1800
  • legislation
  • legislative and general committees
  • legislative drafting
  • legislative processes
  • Leisure Accidents
  • lesbian
  • lex mercatoria
  • liability insurance
  • liability insurance; road accidents
  • libel
  • libel trials
  • liberal democracy
  • liberal education
  • liberal multiculturalism
  • liberation movements
  • liberty
  • liberty, right to
  • licences relating to land
  • licensing as consumer protection
  • licensing of intellectual property rights
  • licensing of medicines
  • life peers
  • life, right to
  • Lilburne, John
  • limitation of actions
  • limited liability
  • limited liability partnerships
  • linguistic minorities
  • liquidator
  • listed companies
  • listing
  • literature and law
  • litigants in person
  • Liversidge v Anderson
  • living wills
  • lobbyists
  • local government in England and Wales
  • local government ombudsman
  • local government, Northern Ireland
  • local government, Scotland
  • local remedies, exhaustion of
  • Lockerbie trial
  • Lord Advocate
  • Lord Chancellor
  • Lord Chief Justice
  • Louisiana law
  • loyalty, employer
  • Lumley v Gye
  • Lumley v Wagner
  • lunatic
  • M v Home Office
  • M’Naghten’s Case
  • Mabo v State of Queensland
  • MacPherson Report
  • magistrates
  • magistrates courts
  • Magna Carta
  • mail order
  • Maine, Henry J S
  • mainstreaming
  • maintenance
  • Maitland, Frederic William
  • majority rule principle and collective shareholder rights
  • maladministration
  • malicious falsehood
  • mandates and trusteeship
  • mandatory sentencing
  • mandatory share buy‐backs
  • Mansfield, William Murray
  • manslaughter
  • Manx law
  • Marbury v Madison
  • maritime law
  • market investigation references
  • market manipulation
  • market stability and the financial system
  • marketing
  • marriage
  • marriage and divorce, history of
  • Marshall Hall, Sir Edward
  • martial law
  • Marxist legal theories
  • Master of the Rolls
  • match fixing
  • maternity
  • maternity rights
  • Maybrick, Florence
  • McDonald’s Corporation v Steel & Morris
  • ‘McLibel’ Case
  • means‐tested benefits
  • media concentration
  • media reporting of courts and tribunals, restrictions on
  • media, regulation and freedom of
  • mediation
  • mediation of civil disputes
  • mediation of international disputes
  • mediation, criminal
  • mediation, family
  • medical accidents
  • medical confidentiality
  • medical ethics
  • medical malpractice
  • medical negligence
  • medical records
  • medical research
  • medical treatment, right to
  • medical treatment, right to refuse
  • medicines, access to
  • membership boundaries
  • memorandum and articles of association
  • memory and law
  • mental capacity
  • mental disorder, treatment of
  • mental harm
  • mental health law
  • mental health review tribunals
  • mental incapacity and crime
  • MEP
  • mercenaries
  • merchandising and licensing in sport
  • merger control
  • Mesopotamian law
  • method in legal theory
  • migrant worker
  • military law
  • Millet system
  • Milosevic, Slobodan
  • minimum harmonization in EU law
  • minimum wage
  • Ministerial Code
  • ministerial responsibility
  • Ministers of State
  • Ministers of the Crown
  • minor
  • minorities
  • minority rights
  • minority shareholders
  • Miranda v Arizona
  • mis‐selling of investment products
  • miscarriages of justice
  • misleading prices
  • misleading product descriptions
  • misrepresentation
  • mitigation, criminal
  • mixed jurisdictions
  • Model Penal Code
  • Mogul Steamship Co v McGregor, Gow & Co
  • monarch
  • Money Claim Online
  • monuments and listed buildings
  • moral hazard
  • moral rights
  • More, Sir Thomas
  • mortgage advice and regulation
  • mortgages of chattels
  • mortgages of land
  • Moses v Macferlan
  • most‐favoured‐nation treatment
  • motherhood
  • multi‐party action
  • multi‐speed Europe
  • multicultural citizenship
  • multiculturalism
  • multinational corporations
  • multiple discrimination
  • Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy
  • murder
  • museums and galleries, management of
  • museums and galleries, regulation of
  • mutual recognition
  • mutual trust and confidence in employment law
  • narrative and law
  • National Audit Office
  • National Consumer Council
  • National Council of Civil Liberties
  • national curriculum
  • National Health Service
  • national insurance
  • national minority
  • national security
  • national treatment principle
  • National Trust
  • nationalism
  • nationality
  • nationalized industries
  • native title
  • natural justice
  • natural law theory
  • natural monopoly
  • natural resources
  • naturalization
  • nature conservation
  • necessity
  • negative rights
  • negligence in civil law
  • negligence in criminal law
  • negotiable instruments
  • negotiation
  • neighbouring rights
  • neo‐liberalism
  • nervous shock
  • neutrality
  • neutralization
  • New International Economic Order
  • new property
  • New Zealand Accident Compensation Scheme
  • New Zealand law
  • Next Steps Agencies
  • NHS Litigation Authority
  • Nicaragua case
  • no‐win, no‐fee arrangements
  • non‐aligned movement
  • non‐contributory benefits
  • non‐governmental organizations
  • non‐proliferation treaty
  • non‐recognition in international law
  • nonsense on stilts?
  • North American Free Trade Area
  • Northern Ireland Assembly
  • Northern Ireland law
  • Notable British Trials series
  • notice of termination of employment
  • Nuclear Tests case
  • nuclear weapons
  • nuisance
  • Nuremberg trials
  • Oates, Titus
  • obscenity
  • obscenity trials
  • occupation, belligerent
  • occupational pensions
  • occupiers’ liability
  • OFCOM
  • offences against property
  • offensive speech and behaviour
  • Office for Judicial Complaints
  • Office of Fair Trading
  • Office of Independent Adjudicator
  • official secrets
  • Ofsted inspection
  • Old Bailey
  • Old Bailey Sessions Papers
  • oligopoly
  • Olympic Games
  • ombudsmen
  • omissions
  • On Liberty
  • open access
  • open government
  • open method of coordination
  • opt outs
  • Orders in Council
  • organ donation and transplantation
  • organ retention
  • Orton, Arthur
  • the Other
  • Other, the
  • outsourcing
  • overpayment of benefits and tax credits
  • overstayer
  • Oz trial
  • PACE
  • package tours
  • pacta sunt servanda
  • pain and suffering
  • Paine, Thomas
  • Palmer, Dr William
  • paralegals
  • parallel imports
  • pardons
  • parental choice of school
  • parental leave
  • parental responsibility
  • parenthood
  • parents, unmarried
  • Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
  • Parliament Acts
  • parliamentary counsel
  • Parliamentary Ombudsman
  • parliamentary privilege
  • parliamentary sovereignty
  • parliamentary supremacy
  • parliaments
  • parole
  • part‐time worker
  • partnership law
  • partnership law, sources of
  • partnership taxation
  • partnership, civil
  • party walls
  • passing off
  • passport
  • patent agent
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty
  • patents
  • patents and copyright in developing countries
  • paternity
  • paternity leave
  • patronage
  • pay
  • PAYE
  • peacekeeping
  • Pearson Royal Commission
  • pensions
  • pensions ombudsman
  • pensions taxation
  • peoples
  • Pepper v Hart
  • performers’ rights
  • periodical payments
  • Permanent Court of Arbitration
  • Permanent Court of International Justice
  • permanent resident
  • persistent vegetative state
  • person
  • personal information, access to
  • personal information, disclosure of
  • personal laws
  • personal loan
  • personal work contracts
  • personality
  • personhood
  • philosophical analysis of legal concepts
  • physical abuse
  • physical damage
  • physiotherapy and personal training
  • picketing
  • pillars of the European Union
  • Pinochet case
  • piracy
  • place
  • planning permission
  • players of sports
  • plea bargaining
  • pleadings
  • pleas
  • police
  • Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984
  • police detention and questioning
  • police powers
  • political broadcasting
  • political fund
  • political honours
  • political participation
  • political parties
  • political party funding
  • political science and law
  • political strikes
  • political trials
  • politician‐lawyers
  • politics
  • politics in the school curriculum
  • politics of crime control
  • politics of identity
  • poll tax
  • Pollock, Sir Frederick
  • polluter pays principle
  • pollution
  • poly‐ethnic rights
  • polygamy
  • Ponting, Clive
  • poor law
  • Popish Plot
  • pornography
  • positive action
  • positive discrimination
  • positive obligations
  • possessory security
  • post‐colonial law
  • post‐conflict reconstruction
  • postmodern jurisprudence
  • poverty reduction
  • power of attorney
  • practical legal education
  • pre‐implantation genetic diagnosis
  • precautionary principle
  • precedent
  • preliminary offences
  • preliminary reference
  • prenatal testing
  • prerogative
  • prerogative orders
  • prescribed diseases
  • Press Complaints Commission
  • press freedom
  • Press, the
  • pressure groups
  • Pretty, Diane
  • price marking
  • primary markets
  • Prime Minister
  • prior convictions
  • prior restraint
  • prisoners of war
  • prisoners’ rights
  • prisons
  • Pritchard, Dr William
  • privacy
  • Private Bills
  • private companies
  • private international law
  • Private Members’ Bills
  • private wrongs and human rights
  • privateering
  • privatization
  • Privy Council
  • prize competitions
  • prize law
  • pro bono legal services
  • proactive policing
  • probation
  • problem‐based legal education
  • procedural justice
  • processions and demonstrations
  • Procurator Fiscal
  • product defects
  • product liability
  • product safety
  • professional service lawyers
  • professional services
  • profits à prendre
  • programme standards and complaints
  • progressive taxation
  • proliferation security initiative
  • proof
  • proof, early modes of
  • property and human rights
  • property and privacy
  • property misdescriptions
  • property offences
  • property relations, criminal regulation of
  • property, family
  • property, feminist perspectives on
  • property, theories of
  • proportionality in EU law
  • proportionality in human rights law
  • proprietary remedies
  • propriety
  • prosecution
  • prosecution time limits
  • prospective overruling
  • prospectus
  • prostitution
  • protected grounds
  • protest
  • Provocation
  • psychiatric damage
  • psychiatry and law
  • public appointments
  • public authorities and recreation
  • public bodies, liability of
  • public bodies, status of
  • public companies
  • public defender
  • public domain
  • public finances
  • public health
  • public illegality
  • public inquiries
  • public interest immunity
  • public interest litigation in developing countries
  • public offer
  • public order, criminal regulation of
  • public policy
  • public procurement
  • public rights of passage over land and water
  • public service broadcasting
  • public sphere
  • punishment, history of
  • punishment, theories of
  • pupillage
  • pyramid schemes
  • qualifying periods
  • quality of products
  • quality of services
  • quangos
  • quasi‐public land
  • Quebec law
  • Queen Caroline
  • queer
  • queer politics
  • queer theory
  • questioning of criminal suspects
  • R v R
  • race
  • race and crime
  • race discrimination
  • race to the bottom
  • racial and ethnic minorities in the criminal justice system
  • racialization
  • Rainbow Warrior case
  • Ralegh, Sir Walter
  • rambling
  • rape
  • rape trauma syndrome
  • rational markets and regulation
  • reasonable accommodation
  • reasonable person
  • reasonable pluralism
  • received law
  • recidivism
  • recklessness
  • recognition
  • recognition and execution of foreign judgments and arbitral awards
  • recognition of states and governments
  • recognition of trades unions
  • reconciliation
  • Red Cross
  • redemption of shares
  • redundancy
  • referendaire
  • referendums
  • refugees
  • refusal of treatment
  • Regicides, the
  • regional assemblies
  • regional development agencies
  • registration of title
  • regressive taxation
  • regulation
  • regulations (EU)
  • regulations, orders and bye‐laws
  • regulatory agencies
  • regulatory offences
  • rehabilitation
  • Reid, James Scott Cumberland, Baron Reid of Drem
  • reinstatement
  • reintegration
  • rejection of goods
  • religion
  • religion in the media
  • religious affiliation and school dress
  • religious discrimination
  • religious education and worship in schools
  • religious laws
  • religious minorities
  • religious programming
  • remand in custody
  • remedies
  • remoteness (of damage)
  • rendition
  • repairs
  • reparation and other remedies in international law
  • reporting politics
  • repossession of goods
  • representation
  • representation, legal
  • reprisals
  • reproductive autonomy
  • reproductive cloning
  • reproductive tourism
  • rescue, duty to
  • research assessment exercise
  • residence in family law
  • residence principle of taxation
  • resident
  • responsibility
  • responsibility, state
  • responsible government
  • Restatements of the law (USA)
  • restitution
  • restitution in international law
  • restorative justice
  • restraint of trade
  • retail banking services
  • retirement
  • retorsion
  • retribution
  • revision
  • revolution
  • Ridge v Baldwin
  • right of abode
  • right of exit
  • right of reply
  • right to buy
  • right to liberty
  • right to life
  • right to treatment
  • right to work
  • rights and duties
  • rights of way
  • rights to roam
  • rights, limitations on
  • risk
  • risk and criminal justice policy
  • risk and return
  • road tax
  • Rodney King trials
  • Roe v Wade
  • Roman law
  • Roman law reception in Europe
  • Roman–Dutch law
  • Rome Convention (International Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations)
  • Rosenbergs
  • Roughead, William
  • royal commissions
  • royal prerogative
  • rule of law
  • Russian law
  • Rylands v Fletcher
  • safety
  • safety in sport
  • safety standards
  • sale of goods
  • sale of organs
  • Salem witchcraft trials
  • sales promotion
  • Salomon v A Salomon & Co Ltd
  • same‐sex relationships
  • sancity of human life
  • sanctions in international law
  • satellite TV
  • satisfaction
  • satisfactory quality
  • Savigny, Friedrich Karl von
  • Saville Inquiry
  • savings taxes
  • saviour siblings
  • Scandinavian law
  • Scandinavian legal realism
  • Schengen agreement
  • school admissions
  • school discipline and the exclusion of pupils
  • school governance, structure, and organization
  • school standards and the inspection of schools and LEAs
  • schools adjudicators
  • scope of liability
  • Scott (otherwise Morgan) v Scott
  • Scottish Law
  • Scottish law after 1900
  • Scottish Parliament
  • search and seizure
  • secession
  • secondary action
  • secondary markets
  • Secretaries of State
  • secular curriculum in schools
  • secularism
  • securities
  • security
  • security services
  • security vetting of teachers
  • segregation and desegregation
  • select committees
  • selective schools
  • self
  • self regulation
  • self‐defence
  • self‐defence in international law
  • self‐determination
  • self‐employment
  • self‐government
  • self‐incrimination
  • self‐representation
  • selfhood
  • sell‐by date
  • semiotics and law
  • senior Law Lord
  • sentence discount
  • sentencing—types of sentence
  • separation of powers
  • Serious Fraud Office
  • service marks
  • service of documents
  • services of general economic interest
  • settlement of claims
  • sex
  • sex discrimination
  • sex education
  • sex offenders, treatment of
  • sex selection
  • sexual abuse, civil liability for
  • sexual harassment
  • sexual orientation discrimination
  • shaming and stigmatization of offenders
  • shareholder democracy and voting
  • shareholder meetings
  • shareholder power
  • shareholder risks and residual claims
  • shares
  • sharia law
  • ship‐money case
  • shipping law
  • ships
  • show trials
  • sic utere tuo ut alienum non laedas
  • sick pay
  • Sidney, Algernon
  • signature
  • Simpson, O J
  • Single European Act
  • single market
  • situational crime prevention
  • slander
  • Slater, Oscar
  • slavery
  • sleaze
  • slippery slope arguments
  • small claims
  • Smith, F E, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
  • Smith, George Joseph
  • Smith, Madeleine
  • Social Chapter
  • Social Charter
  • social control and crime
  • social dumping
  • social exclusion and education
  • social fund
  • social insurance
  • social movements
  • social security appeals
  • social security system
  • Socialist Law
  • Society of Legal Scholars
  • socio‐economic rights
  • socio‐legal research
  • sociological jurisprudence
  • soft law
  • Solicitor‐General
  • Somerset v Stewart?
  • South African Bill of Rights
  • South African law
  • South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission
  • sovereign immunity
  • sovereignty
  • sovereignty and the European Union
  • space law
  • space/spatiality
  • Speaker, House of Commons
  • special educational needs
  • Special Educational Needs and Disability Tribunal
  • specialist schools
  • specific performance
  • spectators at sporting events
  • spectrum regulation
  • sponsorship in sport
  • sport and central government
  • sport and competition law
  • sport and criminal law
  • sport and discrimination
  • sport and human rights
  • sport and public order
  • sport and taxation
  • sport, broadcasting of
  • sports governing bodies
  • sports image rights
  • sports law
  • sports regulation
  • Stability and Growth Pact
  • staff handbooks and works rules
  • Stair, James Dalrymple
  • stakeholders
  • stamp duty
  • stamp duty land tax
  • stamp duty reserve tax
  • stamp taxes
  • standard form contracts
  • standard of care
  • standard of proof
  • standards in public life
  • standing committees
  • Star Chamber
  • state aid (in EC law)
  • state claims
  • state liability in domestic law
  • state liability in EU law
  • state responsibility in international law
  • State Trials
  • state, concept of
  • stateless persons
  • statements of special educational needs
  • states in international law
  • statutory audit
  • statutory duty, civil liability for breach of
  • statutory instruments
  • statutory interpretation
  • stem cells
  • Stephen, Sir James Fitzjames
  • stereotyping
  • sting operations
  • stock exchange
  • Stockdale v Hansard
  • stop and search powers
  • stop‐now orders
  • storytelling and law
  • stranger
  • strategic environmental assessment
  • stress
  • strict civil liability
  • strict criminal liability
  • strict liability trading offences
  • strict scrutiny
  • strikes
  • structured settlements
  • student visa
  • subaltern
  • subcultures and law
  • subject
  • subjectivity
  • subjects of international law
  • subrogation
  • subsidiarity
  • substantial lessening of competition
  • substantive equality
  • succession
  • suicide
  • summary dismissal
  • summons
  • supersession
  • supremacy of EC law
  • Supreme Court (UK)
  • surrogacy
  • surveillance in the workplace
  • surveillance, surreptitious
  • suspects
  • sustainable development
  • SW v UK
  • syndrome evidence
  • systems theory
  • Taff Vale Railway Co v Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants
  • takeovers
  • taper relief
  • tax adjudicators
  • tax administrative and compliance costs
  • tax avoidance
  • tax credits
  • tax evasion
  • tax harmonization
  • tax planning
  • tax, ability to pay
  • taxable profit
  • taxation of trusts
  • Taylor v Caldwell
  • teacher training and employment
  • teaching quality assessment
  • technology transfer
  • telecommunications regulation
  • telephone tapping
  • television images of law
  • television without frontiers
  • temporality
  • temporary workers
  • terra nullius
  • territorial sea
  • territory
  • terrorism
  • terrorism, international measures against
  • test case
  • text books after 1850
  • thalidomide
  • Thatcherism
  • theatre
  • theft
  • theory in legal research
  • therapeutic cloning
  • third generation rights
  • Thompson, Edith
  • Thompson, Robert
  • Throckmorton, Sir Nicholas
  • Thurtell, John
  • Tichborne Claimant
  • time/temporality
  • tobacco
  • tobacco duties
  • tolpuddle martyrs
  • tort law
  • tort system
  • torture
  • tourist visa
  • town and country planning
  • trade and the environment
  • trade law and development
  • trade mark agent
  • trade marks
  • trade secrets
  • trade union members
  • trades unions
  • trading standards
  • traditional cultural expressions
  • traditional knowledge
  • traineeship
  • transfer of business
  • transfer of land
  • transfer of personal property
  • transfer pricing
  • transferable skills
  • transgender
  • transgression
  • transit passage
  • transitional justice
  • transnational civil litigation
  • transparency of securities trades
  • transportation
  • transsexual
  • treason trials
  • treason, sedition, and public order
  • treasure
  • Treasury
  • treaties
  • Treaty of Amsterdam
  • Treaty of Maastrich
  • Treaty of Nice
  • Treaty of Rome
  • Treaty of Union
  • trees and hedges
  • trespass
  • trespass, case and negligence
  • trials, civil
  • trials, criminal
  • tribunal procedure
  • tribunals
  • truancy
  • trusteeship in international law
  • trusts
  • trusts, taxation of
  • truth and reconciliation
  • Tulk v Moxhay
  • UK Listing Authority
  • UK Supreme Court
  • Ulpian
  • unconscionability
  • undertakings in competition law
  • undue influence
  • UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  • unfair commercial practices
  • unfair contract terms
  • unfair dismissal
  • Uniform Commercial Code
  • unincorporated associations
  • unit trusts
  • United Kingdom
  • United Nations
  • United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
  • United States Bill of Rights
  • United States of America, law of
  • United States Supreme Court
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • universalism
  • universities and higher education
  • unjust enrichment
  • unlawful combatants
  • unlawful eviction
  • unmarried parents
  • use of force
  • uses and trusts, history of
  • usury
  • A v Secretary of State for the Home Department
  • vaccine damage
  • value added tax
  • variation of trusts
  • vehicle tax
  • Venables, Jon
  • vertical agreement
  • vertical equity in taxation
  • vexatious litigants
  • vicarious liability
  • victims
  • victims’ rights
  • video evidence
  • Video Recordings Regulation
  • vigilantism
  • village greens
  • violence
  • violence and crime
  • visa
  • visitatorial jurisdiction
  • visual arts, law and
  • vocational legal education
  • volenti non fit injuria
  • voluntary unemployment
  • vulnerable suspects
  • vulnerable witnesses
  • wages and deductions
  • Wales, law in
  • war and armed conflict
  • war crimes
  • war crimes trials
  • war crimes tribunals
  • war pensions
  • warranties
  • Warren, Earl
  • waste
  • water law
  • water quality standards
  • wealth tax
  • weapons, prohibited
  • weights and measures
  • welfare benefits for families
  • welfare principle
  • welfare rights
  • welfare state
  • welfare‐to‐work
  • well‐known trade marks
  • Welsh Assembly
  • Westminster Parliament
  • Westminster system
  • Westphalian system
  • whistle‐blowing
  • White Papers
  • white‐collar criminals
  • Wilberforce, Richard Orme
  • Wilde, Oscar
  • Wilkes, John
  • Williams v Everett
  • wills
  • winding up
  • witchcraft trials, England
  • witchcraft trials, Scotland
  • withholding and withdrawing life‐prolonging treatment
  • witnesses
  • WMDs
  • Wolsey, Thomas
  • woman
  • women and crime
  • women and gender in the legal profession
  • women and legal education
  • women and property in developing countries
  • women as victims of crime
  • women lawyers, distinguished
  • women’s property rights before 1900
  • Woolmington v DPP
  • work accidents
  • work permit
  • worker
  • worker’s compensation
  • working holiday
  • working time
  • working to rule
  • works councils
  • World Bank
  • world heritage sites
  • World Intellectual Property Organization
  • World Trade Organization
  • World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • writs
  • wrongful birth
  • wrongful conception
  • wrongful dismissal
  • wrongful life
  • WTO
  • young offenders
  • Yugoslav Tribunals
  • zero tolerance


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(2015, 07). Oxford Companion to Law lawi.org.uk Retrieved 08, 2021, from https://lawi.org.uk/oxford-companion-to-law/

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  • Article Name: Oxford Companion to Law
  • Author: International
  • Description: There is also an Oxford Companion to American Law. This legal encyclopaedia is a concise overview of a subject in law - [...]

This entry was last updated: November 4, 2020

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