United Kingdom Encyclopedia of Law     Wiki Legal Encyclopedia (BETA)
What do you need to know about law? Search in more than 1.500.000 entries

Suffrage Movement in United Kingdom

British Suffrage Movement

Introduction to Suffrage Movement

In Britain the woman-suffrage movement roughly paralleled that of the United States, but in the movement’s later stages more vigorous and violent tactics were often employed.

The great pioneer figure of British feminism was the writer Mary Wollstonecraft, her chief work, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), is one of the major feminist documents of the 18th century. During the 1830s and ’40s British suffragism received notable aid and encouragement from the Chartists (see Chartism), who fought unsuccessfully for a sweeping program of human rights. In subsequent years the woman-suffrage issue was kept before the British public by a succession of liberal legislators, among them the statesmen and social philosophers John Stuart Mill, John Bright, and Richard Cobden. Mill helped to found in 1865 the first British woman-suffrage association. All efforts to secure the franchise for women were effectively opposed. Prominent among the antifeminists of the period were the reigning monarch Queen Victoria and the British prime ministers William Gladstone and Benjamin Disraeli.

The British woman-suffrage movement acquired additional impetus when in 1897 various feminist groups merged to form the National Union of Woman Suffrage Societies. A section of the membership soon decided that its policies were timid and indecisive, and in 1903 the dissident and more militant faction, led by feminist Emmeline Pankhurst, established the Women’s Social and Political Union. Pankhurst’s suffragists soon won a reputation for boldness and militancy. Tactics employed by the organization included boycotting, bombing, window breaking, picketing, and harassment of antisuffragist legislators. In 1913 one dedicated suffragist publicized her cause by deliberately hurling herself to death under the hooves of horses racing in the derby at Epsom Downs. Because of their forceful and provocative behavior, the suffragists were often handled roughly by the police and repeatedly jailed and fined.

During World War I the British suffragists ceased agitation and made notable contributions to many aspects of the war effort, favorably influencing public opinion. In 1918 Parliament enfranchised all women householders, householders’ wives, and women university graduates over 30 years of age. Parliament lowered the voting age of women to 21 in 1928, giving them complete political equality with men. In 1929 British trade union leader Margaret G. Bondfield became the first woman cabinet member in British history. A major breakthrough occurred in 1979 when Margaret Thatcher became the first woman prime minister of the United Kingdom; she served three successive terms before leaving office in 1990.” (1)


Notes and References

  • Information about Suffrage Movement in the Encarta Online Encyclopedia
  • Guide to Suffrage Movement

    Buy your Vintage Company Today

    A vintage ready made (or vintage off the shelf) company is one that has already been formed at Companies House a long time ago; a registered company with a company number available for immediate use.
    • UP TO DATE. All our vintage ready-made companies are up to date, with dormant statutory filing.
    • AVAILABLE IMMEDIATELY. Company number is available for immediate use.
    • COMPETITIVE PRICES. Vintage company prices vary depending on date of formation, but we have the best prices.
    Prices by year of formation:
    • 17-Jun-03: £4.900
    • 25-Jun-03: £4.900
    • 30-sep-03: £4.800
    • 04-Jan-05: £3.900
    • 17-Oct-05: £3.700
    • 17-Oct-05: £3.700
    • 13-Jul-07: £2.900
    If you would like to buy 3 UK Vintage Shelf Companies or more, we would like to offer you discounts on net prices. Contact us to law@braxton.uk.com.

    Law is our Passion

    This entry about Suffrage Movement has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0) licence, which permits unrestricted use and reproduction, provided the author or authors of the Suffrage Movement entry and the Encyclopedia of Law are in each case credited as the source of the Suffrage Movement entry. Please note this CC BY licence applies to some textual content of Suffrage Movement, and that some images and other textual or non-textual elements may be covered by special copyright arrangements. For guidance on citing Suffrage Movement (giving attribution as required by the CC BY licence), please see below our recommendation of "Cite this Entry".

    Cite this entry

    Legal Citations Generator

    (2014, 08). Suffrage Movement lawi.org.uk Retrieved 01, 2021, from https://lawi.org.uk/suffrage-movement/

    08 2014. 01 2021 <https://lawi.org.uk/suffrage-movement/>

    "Suffrage Movement" lawi.org.uk. lawi.org.uk, 08 2014. Web. 01 2021. <https://lawi.org.uk/suffrage-movement/>

    "Suffrage Movement" lawi.org.uk. 08, 2014. Accesed 01 2021. https://lawi.org.uk/suffrage-movement/

    Danny W., 'Suffrage Movement' (lawi.org.uk 2014) <https://lawi.org.uk/suffrage-movement/> accesed 2021 January 22

    Usage Metrics

    452 Views. 330 Visitors.

    Google Scholar: Search for Suffrage Movement Related Content


    Schema Summary

    • Article Name: Suffrage Movement
    • Author: Danny W.
    • Description: British Suffrage Movement Introduction to Suffrage Movement In Britain the woman-suffrage movement roughly paralleled that [...]

    This entry was last updated: August 24, 2014


    Recent Comments