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Election in United Kingdom

Definition of Election

In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Election :

1. The process of choosing by vote a member of a representative body, such as the House of Commons or a local authority. For the House of Commons, a general election involving all UK constituencies is held when the sovereign dissolves Parliament and summons a new one; a by-election is held if a particular constituency becomes vacant (e.g. on the death of the sitting member) during the life of a Parliament. Local government elections (apart from those to fill casual vacancies) are held at statutory intervals (See local authority). The conduct of elections is regulated by the Representation of the People Acts 1983 and 1985. The Representation of the People Act 2000 made some changes to electoral registration and absent voting and allowed for experiments involving innovative electoral procedures. Other changes make it easier for the disabled to vote and created an offence of supplying false particulars on a nomination form. Voting is secret and normally in person, but any elector can obtain a postal vote without having to specify a reaso The only requirement is that the applicant is included in the Register of Electors. Applications for a particular election must be received by the Electoral Registration Officer six working days before an electio Different rules apply in Northern Ireland. Any dispute as to the validity of the election of a Member of Parliament or a local government councillor is raised on an election petition, which is decided by an election court consisting of two High Court judges.

2. A doctrine of equity, commonly applied to wills, based on the principle that a person must accept both benefits and burdens under one document. or reject both. It arises when there are two gifts in one document, one of A’s (the creator’s) property to Band one of B’s property to C. B must choose whether to accept the gift of A’s property to him and transfer his own property to C. or to reject both gifts.

Calling an Election Early in the History

The Prime Minister has the constitutional power to call a General Election early. This happens for a number of reasons, such as a minority government wishing to secure a majority when their opinion ratings are strong (snap election) or if a party undergoes a change of leadership and wishes to give the Prime Minister more legitimacy with the electorate. An election can also be postponed to beyond the five year period. This has happened during war time and would have happened were the Scottish referendum successful.

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This entry about Election has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0) licence, which permits unrestricted use and reproduction, provided the author or authors of the Election entry and the Encyclopedia of Law are in each case credited as the source of the Election entry. Please note this CC BY licence applies to some textual content of Election, and that some images and other textual or non-textual elements may be covered by special copyright arrangements. For guidance on citing Election (giving attribution as required by the CC BY licence), please see below our recommendation of "Cite this Entry".

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(2015, 01). Election lawi.org.uk Retrieved 01, 2021, from https://lawi.org.uk/election/

01 2015. 01 2021 <https://lawi.org.uk/election/>

"Election" lawi.org.uk. lawi.org.uk, 01 2015. Web. 01 2021. <https://lawi.org.uk/election/>

"Election" lawi.org.uk. 01, 2015. Accesed 01 2021. https://lawi.org.uk/election/

Agostino Von Hassell, 'Election' (lawi.org.uk 2015) <https://lawi.org.uk/election/> accesed 2021 January 16

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Schema Summary

  • Article Name: Election
  • Author: Agostino Von Hassell
  • Description: Definition of Election In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Election : 1. The process [...]

This entry was last updated: January 4, 2015

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