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Proportional Representation in United Kingdom

Proportional representation Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament

Proportional representation is an electoral system in which the distribution of seats corresponds closely with the proportion of the total votes cast for each party. For example, if a party gained 40% of the total votes, a perfectly proportional system would allow them to gain 40% of the seats.

Representation of the People Acts

Representation of the People Acts, statutes enacted by the British Parliament to continue the extension of the franchise begun by the Reform Bills (see under Reform Acts ). As a result of the government’s dependence on the unified efforts of the whole people in World War I the Representation of the People Act of 1918 qualified as voters (with a few exceptions) women over 30 years of age and all men of 21 years or over who could establish short residence. The basis of representation in the House of Commons was fixed at 1 to 70,000. The Representation of the People Act of 1928 qualified all women on the same terms as men. The Representation of the People Act of 1949 reenacted and codified previous legislation relating to the conduct of elections and illegal electoral practices it abolished the university constituencies and the additional vote given to the occupiers of business premises, thus eliminating plural voting. The Representation of the People Act of 1969 lowered the voting age to 18.

Source: The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia


See Also

  • First Past the Post

Further Reading

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Schema Summary

  • Article Name: Proportional Representation
  • Author: David Jane
  • Description: Proportional representation Meaning, as used in the UK Parliament Proportional representation is an electoral system in [...]

This entry was last updated: January 16, 2018


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