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Lord in United Kingdom

Concept of Lord

The following is an old definition of Lord [1], a term which has several meanings:1. A feudal superior; one of whom an estate was held. He was a lord paramount or a lord paravail. Liege lord was contradistinguished from ” liege man.” Landlord was originally used in this sense. See Feud

Alternative Meaning

In England, a title of nobility, belonging, strictly, to the degree of a baron, but applied to the whole peerage. Lords spiritual. A constituent part of parliament, being two archbishops and twenty-four bishops. Lords temporal. All the peers of the realm, by whatever title distinguished, and forming another constituent part of parliament. House of lords. The branch of parliament consisting of the lords spiritual and the lords temporal. See Parliament. 3. A title bestowed upon persons occupying certain high offices. Lord advocate. The principal proseouting ofBcer employed on behalf of the crown. See Advocate. Lord chancellor. The presiding judge in the court of chancery. See Chancellor, 1. Lord commissioner. A person charged with the execution of any high public office put into commission. In lieu of the lord treasurer and the lord high admiral of former times, there are now the lords commissioners of the treasury, and the lords commissioners of the admiralty; there are also lords commissioners of tbe great seal, etc. Lord justices. 1. Persons appointed to administer government temporarily during an emergency

Alternative Meaning

Two judges appointed, under an act of 1851, to assist the lord chancellor in hearing appeals. Lord lieutenant. 1. The principal officer of a county

Alternative Meaning

The representative of the crown in Ireland. Lord mayor. The chief officer of the corporation of London. Lord mayor’s court. The highest court of record, of law and equity, within the city of London. Lord treasurer. An officer who had charge of the royal revenues.Hife functions are now vested in the lords commis- sioners of the treasury.


Notes and References

  1. Meaning of Lord provided by the Anderson Dictionary of Law (1889) (Dictionary of Law consisting of Judicial Definitions and Explanations of Words, Phrases and Maxims and an Exposition of the Principles of Law: Comprising a Dictionary and Compendium of American and English Jurisprudence; William C. Anderson; T. H. Flood and Company, Law Publishers, Chicago, United States)

Concept of Lord

Traditional meaning of lord [1] in the English common law history: 1. A feudal superior, one of whom the tenant holds lands. 2. A title of honor applied to peers. 3. A title of office. Lord Admiral, Advocate, Chancellor, Chief Justice, Paramount, Privy Seal, Treasurer; see those titles. Lords spiritual: the bishops and archbishops in the House of Lords. Lords temporal: the peers having seats in the House of Lords. Lord Chamberlain, of England, has the government of the palace at Westminster; of the King’s House, has authority over the King’s wardrobe; also to license theatres and plays. Lords Justices: two judges appointed under the 14 & 15 Vict. c. 83, to assist the Lord Chancellor in hearing appeals from the Master of the Rolls and the Vice-Chancellors. They are now judges of the Court of Appeals; see the entry on types of courts, 18, 26. Lord Keeper of the Great Seal: ex officio lord and privy-councilior, an office now fused with that of Lord Chancellor. Lord Lieutenant. 1. The viceroy of the Crown in Ireland. 2. The principal military officer of a county, appointed by the Crown. Lord Mayor’s Court: see the entry on types of courts, 62. Court of Lord Steward, Treasurer, Comptroller of the King’s Household, Lord Warden of the Stannaries, etc.: see the entry on types of courts, 46, 53, 54, 67, 72.


Notes and References

  1. Based on A concise law dictionary of words, phrases and maxims, “Lord”, Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1911, United States. This term and/or definition may be absolete. It is also called the Stimson’s Law dictionary, based on a glossary of terms, included Lord.

See Also

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Schema Summary

  • Article Name: Lord
  • Author: Michael Mann
  • Description: Concept of Lord The following is an old definition of Lord [1], a term which has several meanings:1. A feudal superior; one [...]

This entry was last updated: June 15, 2020


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